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India confirms Historic Paris climate Agreement at United Nations

India, the world's third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, ratified the landmark Paris climate deal, giving a significant push for the deal to enter into force by the end of this year

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Air pollution(Representational Image). Pixabay
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October 3, 2016: India, the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, today ratified the landmark Paris climate deal, giving a significant push for the deal to enter into force by the end of this year.

Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador Syed Akbaruddin handed over the Instrument of Ratification signed by President Pranab Mukherjee, to Santiago Villalpando, the Head of the Treaties Division at the UN, at a special ceremony here attended by top UN officials and senior diplomats to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary.

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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon lauded India’s “climate leadership”, saying India’s ratification of the Paris Climate Change agreement moves the world an “important step closer” toward achieving the goal of entering the landmark deal into force this year.

In his message for the International Day of Non-violence, marked every year on Gandhi’s birth anniversary, Ban said there is no better way to commemorate Gandhi and his legacy for people and the planet than with India submitting its instrument of ratification to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

“I warmly congratulate India for its climate leadership, and for building on the strong momentum we see from all corners of the globe for the agreement to enter into force as quickly as possible this year. India’s ratification of the agreement moves the world an important step closer toward achieving that goal,” Ban said in the message.

He called on all countries to complete their domestic processes for ratification and also strive in all activities to achieve progress through non-violence.

The UN chief said the commitment to sustainable living that Gandhi emphasised on is reflected in a “momentous way” as India is depositing its instrument of ratification to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

“India keeps its promise. On Gandhiji’s birth anniversary, we deposit the instrument of ratification of Paris Agreement on climate change,” External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup tweeted.

Akbaruddin had on Friday said that India had played a “key role” in the negotiations and finalisation of the Paris agreement as Prime Minister Narendra Modi has a “personal commitment” to the climate deal.

Akbaruddin had said that India’s effort was to be amongst those nations who give a push to the entry into force.

With India stressing on the importance of climate justice, its goal will be that “climate justice ends are also served” once the treaty comes into force.

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The ratification by India, which has a population of over 1.2 billion, is expected to give momentum to the implementation of measures at the international level to control global warming by limiting greenhouse gases.

The ratification formalises pledges made by each country, including India, to take actions to curb or lower greenhouse gas emissions from 2020 onwards and try to keep the rise in average global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius and to strive for 1.5 degrees Celsius.

India, the world’s third biggest carbon emitter after China and the US which are responsible for around 40 per cent of the global carbon emissions, accounts for 4.1 per cent of global emissions.

Car emissions contribute to global climate change. Pixabay
Car emissions contribute to global climate change. Pixabay

Earlier this month, the US and China had formally joined the Paris agreement, which was adopted by 195 parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change last December in Paris.

The pact will come into force after it has been ratified by at least 55 countries which account for 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. With India’s move, a total of 62 countries accounting for almost 52 per cent of emissions have now ratified the accord.

Paris Agreement was adopted by 185 nations last year on December 12 and India signed it in New York on April 22 this year. A total of 191 countries have signed the Paris Agreement so far.

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However, India has decided to ratify the agreement “in the context” of its national laws, availability of means of implementation and “its own assessment” of global commitment to combating climate change.

“While agreeing to ratify the Paris agreement, the Cabinet has also decided that India should declare that it will treat its national laws, its development agenda, availability of means of implementation, its assessment of global commitment to combating climate change, and predictable and affordable access to cleaner source of energy as the context in which the agreement is being ratified,” an official statement had earlier said. (IANS)

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Paris Agreement In Full Swing, Developed Countries Urged To Honor It

More than 1,400 delegates from 182 countries are participating in the Bangkok Climate Change Conference from Tuesday to Sunday.

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Developed countries are being urged to honour Paris Agreement. Flickr

A joint platform of developing countries on Saturday called on the developed nations to make a greater commitment towards honouring the Paris Agreement during the Climate Change Conference being held in the Thai capital.

The platform, which brings together around 20 countries including Bolivia, Ecuador, Cuba and Venezuela, called for respecting the vital and delicate balance reached in 2015 in Paris, Efe news reported.

Iran’s Majib Shafiepour, a spokesperson for the coalition, expressed disappointment over the position taken by developed nations and their alleged unwillingness to make progress on key issues like the funding required to combat climate change pledged under the Paris Agreement.

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India Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivers a speech as he attends Heads of States’ Statements ceremony of the COP21 World Climate Change Conference 2015 in Le Bourget, north of Paris, France, 30 November 2015.

As agreed in the landmark 2015 conference, developed countries have to contribute $100 billion annually starting in 2020 to be given to the most disadvantaged nations to fight against climate change and alleviate its effects.

Ecuador’s Walter Schuldt blamed the change in the financial narrative provided by the bloc of developed nations for the delay in the realization of measures.

Part of the funds will be used to alleviate and mitigate the damage and consequences of environmental disasters and to finance adaptation to technological change in developing nations.

“There is a lack of progress and interest on the part of developed countries,” said Bolivia’s Ivan Zambrana. “This indifference creates new obstacles.”

Although no specific developed countries were mentioned by name during the media appearance, a source participating in the meetings told Efe news that the US was the main country hindering the dialogue process.

Paris Agreement
Education – along with training and public awareness – plays a key role in the global response to climate change, as recognized by Article 6 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement. Flickr

Although US President Donald Trump announced in June 2017 the withdrawal of his country from the Paris Agreement, the move will not be effective until November 2020.

Also Read: Asia’s Increase In Consumption of Meat to Cause Environmental Problems: Researchers

More than 1,400 delegates from 182 countries are participating in the Bangkok Climate Change Conference from Tuesday to Sunday, the last preparatory meeting before the Climate Summit set to be held in Katowice, Poland in December.

Delegates in Bangkok were also negotiating on a handbook of standards and guidelines that included goals, schedules and policies for countries to reduce their emissions of polluting gases responsible for global warming, in accordance with the Paris Agreement. (IANS)