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India has only border disputes with China and Pakistan: VK Singh

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New Delhi: While there are no border disputes with Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, such disputes exist with China and Pakistan, Minister of State for External Affairs VK Singh  stated in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday.

In the eastern sector, China claims approximately 90,000 square meters of Indian territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh,

The minister said the fact that Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir were integral and inalienable parts of India, has been clearly conveyed to the Chinese side on several occasions, including at the highest level.

Indian territory under the occupation of China in Jammu and Kashmir is approximately 38,000 square meters. In addition, under the so-called China-Pakistan ‘Boundary Agreement’ signed between China and Pakistan on March 2, 1963, Pakistan illegally ceded 5,180 square km of Indian territory in PoK (Pakistan-occupied Kashmir) to China,

Besides this, he also expressed the terms of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) agreement between India and China.

He said: “India and China, under the agreement on confidence building measures in the military field along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the India-China border areas, signed in November 1996 and subsequent protocol on modalities for the implementation of confidence building measures in the military field along the LAC in the India-China border areas, signed in April 2005 and Border Defence Cooperation Agreement, signed in October 2013, are committed to the clarification and confirmation of the LAC to reach a common understanding of the alignment of the LAC.”

According to him, the two sides have agreed to each appoint a special representative to explore the framework for a boundary settlement from the political perspective of the overall bilateral relationship.

“The 18th round of special representatives’ talks on the India-China boundary question was held in New Delhi from March 22 to 24, 2015. India and China have established a Working Mechanism on Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on the India-China border affairs to deal with important border affairs related to maintaining peace and tranquility in the India-China border areas,” he said.

“A meeting of WMCC was held in Beijing on October 8, 2015. India and China are committed to resolve bilateral issues through dialogue and peaceful negotiations and in a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable manner,” he added.

As for Pakistan, Singh said India was willing to address all outstanding bilateral issues through peaceful means.

However, continued support of Pakistan to terrorism directed at us from the territory under Pakistan’s control has prevented the creation of the necessary environment. (Indian) The government has urged Pakistan on several occasions to fulfill its assurances, given and reiterated at the highest level, to put an end to anti-India activities on its soil and territories under its control,

Regarding Nepal, the minister said strip maps covering 98 percent of the India-Nepal boundary has been authenticated and initialed in 2007 at the Surveyor-General level, “though they are yet to be signed at the plenipotentiary level”.

“Issues relating to the maintenance and management of the India-Nepal boundary are discussed in existing bilateral mechanisms at both senior official and working levels,” he stated.

“Our unique, centuries-old civilizational ties with Nepal, based on shared geography, history, culture, language, and religion and characterized by close political relations, wide-ranging economic cooperation and deep-rooted people-to-people friendship, have been rejuvenated since May 2014 with sustained interaction at the highest political level, including the prime minister’s two visits to Nepal in 2014.”

Singh also informed the house that the India-Nepal Joint Commission was revived at the level of external affairs minister in July 2014.

India continues to maintain close engagement and bilateral exchanges with Nepal, as well as extend all assistance in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Nepal, for peace, stability, and socioeconomic development of the country,

On Bangladesh, the minister said India and Bangladesh shared a 4096.7-km border, which was the largest land border that India shared with any of its neighboring countries.

“Both countries concluded a Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) in 1974, soon after the independence of Bangladesh, to find a solution to the complex nature of border demarcation,” he said.

The agreement was implemented in its entirety with the exception of three issues pertaining to (1) undemarcated land boundary of approximately 6.1 km in three sectors, viz. Daikhata-56 (West Bengal), Muhuri river-Belonia (Tripura) and Lathitila-Dumabari (Assam); (2) exchange of 111 enclaves in Bangladesh with 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India; and (3) adverse possessions.

“During the visit of then prime minister Manmohan Singh to Bangladesh in September 2011, a protocol to the 1974 LBA was signed which settled these three outstanding issues,” Singh said.

“Subsequently, instruments of ratification of the agreement were exchanged on June 6, 2015, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Bangladesh,” he added.

(Inputs from IANS)

(Picture Courtesy:-www.economylead.com)

 

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Nasscom Collaborates with Xuzhou to Develop IT Corridor in Eastern China

The two corridors paved the way for cooperation in emerging technologies such as AI, IoT and Analytics in the Chinese market.

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The new corridor will facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese firms as part of Nasscom's efforts to evangelise IT development in newer geographies. Pixabay

Indian IT apex body Nasscom on Friday said it has entered into a partnership with Xuzhou city in Jiangsu province to develop an IT corridor in eastern China.

“The partnership with Xuzhou is to help develop the software market and build the third IT corridor in Xuzhou after Dalian and Guiyang in the eastern China region,” the National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom) said in a statement here.

The new corridor will facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese firms as part of Nasscom’s efforts to evangelise IT development in newer geographies.

As the centre of the Huai Hai economic zone, Xuzhou is an important national transportation hub. One can reach major industrial and economic hubs like Shanghai, Beijing, Hangzhou, Nanjing and Suzhou within three hours by high speed train.

“Through the partnership, the platform will enable match-making between Indian firms and their counterparts in the Huai Hai economic zone, looking to adopt digital transformation from verticals such as manufacturing, retail, automotive, healthcare and utilities,” said the statement.

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“The partnership will create more jobs in Xuzhou and India, facilitating talent transfer between the two countries,” it said. Wikimedia

“The partnership will create more jobs in Xuzhou and India, facilitating talent transfer between the two countries,” it said.

The apex body had created opportunities for 300 Chinese firms in the region, where 10 Indian small and medium enterprise (SEMs) signed deals valued at $4.5 million (Rs 315 crore).

Initiatives in the first two IT corridors led to investment of $4.6 million (Rs 322 crore) in Dalian and $8.9 million (623 crore) in Guiyang.

The two corridors paved the way for cooperation in emerging technologies such as AI, IoT and Analytics in the Chinese market.

The China-India (Xuzhou) IT corridor project is an important step for the Indian software and service industry to enter “our market and seize the development opportunity of the Huai-hai Economic Zone”, said Xuzhou Municipal government Mayor Zhou Tiegen.

The corridor will inject momentum into the development of the Xuzhou software service outsourcing industry.

The Mayor hoped that Nasscom will bring its advantages on capital, talent and technology as per the agreement to improve the construction, operation and development of the park.

“The corridor will help strengthen China-India digital cooperation leveraging our respective strengths in hardware and software to build innovative products and solutions in the co-create mode,” said Nasscom Director Gagan Sabharwal in the statement.

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The China-India (Xuzhou) IT corridor project is an important step for the Indian software and service industry to enter “our market and seize the development opportunity of the Huai-hai Economic Zone”, said Xuzhou Municipal government Mayor Zhou Tiegen.
Wikimedia

As the eastern region is known for manufacturing capabilities, the apex body expects collaborative case studies emerging from the smart manufacturing domain.

“As the third collaboration, we hope the new corridor will act as a building block towards strengthening the India-Chinese relationship while we stimulate the ecosystem,” added Sabharwal.

India’s Consul General in Shanghai, Anil Kumar Rai, said that being a dominant manufacturing country, China required software, IT and IT-enabled services to transform into smart manufacturing.

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“The IT corridor at Xuzhou has the potential to fill the institutional void of software support for small and medium size industries in their language,” added Rai.

As the economic centre in the regional economic layout, Xuzhou is an industrial powerhouse, with several firms setting up their base in the city. (IANS)