Sunday October 21, 2018
Home India India leads G...

India leads G4 countries for UNSC membership

0
//
120
Republish
Reprint

By NewsGram Staff Writer

New York: Including other G4 countries of Brazil, Germany and Japan, India on Saturday pushed for reform of the UN Security Council. It stressed that they are ‘legitimate candidates’ for permanent membership in an expanded and reformed council and supported each other’s candidature.

credit: www.oneindia.com
credit: www.oneindia.com

At a special summit, convened by India, of the G4, being held after a decade, the four countries’ leaders– Prime Minister Narendra Modi, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff in a joint statement ‘strongly emphasized’ that the process for reform of the Security Council ‘should be conducted, given its urgency, in a fixed time frame’.

The four countries – among the 10 biggest economies in the world– are pushing for inclusion as permanent members in an expanded Security Council, which currently has five permanent members, namely, China, France, Russia, Britain and the US. 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms by the UN General Assembly.
Modi, who has raised the pitch for reform of the UNSC and India’s inclusion as permanent member over the last few months, said in his opening remarks that since the UN was formed in 1945, the members have increased four-fold, global economy and demography have changed and the challenges have increased.

“Yet our institutions, approaches, and often mindsets, reflect the wisdom of the century we have left behind, not the century we live in. This is especially true of the United Nations Security Council,” he said.

“The reform of the Security Council within a fixed time frame has become an urgent and important task. The Security Council must include the world’s largest democracies, major locomotives of the global economy, and voices from all the major continents,” he stressed.

Referring to the General Assembly recently adopting a negotiating document for Security Council reforms, Modi said the G4 should aim to take the process “to its logical conclusion during the 70th session.”

The four countries “expressed determination to redouble their efforts towards securing concrete outcomes during the 70th session of the General Assembly.”

The G-4 leaders stressed that a more representative, legitimate and effective Security Council is needed more than ever to address the global conflicts and crises, which had spiralled in recent years. This can be achieved by reflecting realities of the international community in the 21st century, where more member states have the capacity and willingness to take on major responsibilities for maintenance of international peace and security, said the joint statement.

Rousseff, in her brief remarks, said the UNGA has 193 members, while the 15-member Security Council, with the five permanent members, is “insufficient representation” of the changed world order.

“We need a council that will reflect the proper representation of world powers.. and is effective,” she said, adding that Brazil gives its “firm commitment” to G4 efforts.

Merkel said the world has changed since the formation of the UNSC 70 years ago with state and non-state actors, terrorists, and “I have never seen as many refugees,” there are natural disasters.

“It makes it incumbent on the UN to reform of the UNSC to better reflect the distribution of powers. We need to be prudent and talk to the others to change the format of the UNSC,” she said.

“Not just the four of us, others too have voiced similar views,” she said, and added that the group should take along others who share similar views.

Abe said the grouping “must respond to voices of the majority of nations” seeking reform of the UNSC.
The G4 also noted with appreciation the efforts of member states in moving towards text-based negotiations. They welcomed, in particular, the efforts undertaken by the African Group, CARICOM (Caribbean Community and Common Market) and the L.69 Group (a group of developing countries from Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific).

Supporting Africa’s representation in both the permanent and non-permanent membership in the Security Council, the also noted the importance of adequate and continuing representation of small and medium-sized member states, including the small island developing states, in an expanded and reformed council, the statement said.

In his address to the United Nations Sustainable Development summit on Friday, Modi had made a strong pitch for the Security Council’s reform “so that it carries greater credibility and legitimacy and will be more representative and effective in achieving our goals.”

India is the single largest contributor to the UN peacekeeping operations and has been seeking an enhanced role in the UN’s decision making process.

(With inputs from IANS)

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2015 NewsGram

Next Story

Joint Mission To Mercury By Europe-Japan Satellite Launches

The mission is an expensive one. It's estimated the costs borne by the European Space Agency and the Japanese space agency amount to about 1.65 billion euros.

0
TESS, rover, NASA, mercury
TESS, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, is shown in this conceptual illustration obtained by Reuters on March 28, 2018. NASA sent TESS into orbit from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. VOA

Two satellites developed in Europe and Japan are on their way to the Sun’s closest planet Mercury. It is likely to take them seven years to reach their destination.

The joint endeavour BepiColombo left Earth on an Ariane rocket that launched out of South America on Friday, the BBC said.

The probes lifted clear of the Kourou spaceport in Atlantic coast of French Guiana at 10.45 p.m. on Friday.

Mission controllers based in Darmstadt, Germany, would spend much of Saturday talking to the spacecraft, to confirm they were properly configured for the long cruise ahead.

Coming close on the heels of NASA’s Parker Solar Probe that was launched in August, Bepi is aimed at finding more about Mercury that “doesn’t really fit with our theories for how the Solar System formed”, said Bepi scientist Professor Dave Rothery from the UK’s Open University.

Parker Solar Probe, NASA, mercury
This illustration from NASA shows the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft approaching the sun. VOA

“We can’t understand our planet fully unless we’re able to explain Mercury that has an oversized iron core — 60 per cent of its mass,” Rothery said.

Science has not yet explained why the planet only has a thin veneer of rocks. Bepi’s high-resolution data should bring us nearer to an answer, the BBC reported.

It’s the first time the European and Japanese space agencies (Esa and Jaxa) have set out for Mercury. The Americans have already been there, briefly with the Mariner 10 probe in the 1970s, and with the Messenger orbiter earlier this decade.

Messenger discovered that water-ice is held inside some of Mercury’s shadowed craters, and that its crust contains a lot of graphite (pencil lead).

Bepi will build on those. The new mission carries twice as much instrumentation and will get closer for longer.

Mercury’s dense body does not reflect its initial form. It’s possible the planet began life much further and later migrated inwards, mission scientist Suzie Imber from Leicester University.

Mercury
We know so little about the planet Mercury… The BepiColombo mission will try to unravel some of its mysteries. Flickr

 

“It’s also got huge cliffs, many kilometres tall. And those cliffs formed as Mercury shrank. We call them wrinkle ridges,” Imber said.

It is possible to directly reach Mercury in a matter of months, but the speed picked up by a spacecraft falling into the Sun’s deep gravity would make it very hard to stop at the planet, the BBC report said.

Bepi will take a more circuitous route. It will fly past Earth, Venus and Mercury itself, using the tug of their gravity to bleed off speed, so that by 2025 the mission can gently slot into position.

The toughest prospect ahead is the heat. At just 58 million km from the Sun, working at Mercury is like being in a pizza oven, Imber said.

The sides of the probes in direct sunlight will have to cope with temperatures over 400 degrees Celsius. Even those surfaces facing away from the Sun have to be protected.

Coping strategies include covering the MMO in thick blankets of insulation material made from titanium and ceramics. “The environment is extremely hostile,” explains Esa mission controller Elsa Montagnon.

Mercury
Solar system. Pixabay

 

“On Mercury, we get 10 times the solar energy we get on Earth. But then from the illuminated side of Mercury, we get about four times what we get on the Earth. So, the spacecraft are continually in a heat sandwich,” Montagnon said.

The mission is an expensive one. It’s estimated the costs borne by the European Space Agency and the Japanese space agency amount to about 1.65 billion euros.

Additionally, national space agencies in Europe have paid for the instrumentation on the MMO, taking the overall budget above 3 billion euros.

Also Read: Another Space Telescope Shuts Down: NASA

This number covers the full lifecycle of the mission, from its approval (2007) to its termination (late 2020s).

Engineers have had a torrid time developing the technologies to keep Bepi safe so close to the Sun. Delays have kept on adding to the price. (IANS)