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India ranks dismal 100 on global Human Capital Index

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

India ranks a dismal 100 on a global Human Capital Index which measures the countries in terms of the economies leveraging their human capital, according to World Economic Forum (WEF).

While India has been positioned almost at the bottom of the list, Finland has been given the top position, followed by Norway, Switzerland, Canada, Japan, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, New Zealand and Belgium. According to the report, even other developing countries like Russia (26th), China (64th), Brazil (78th) and South Africa (92nd) are placed above India.

The countries with a better rank than India also include Kazakhstan, Armenia, Kyrgyz Republic, Chile, Philippines, Serbia, Mongolia, UAE, Macedonia, Sri Lanka, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Mauritius, Barbados, Brazil, Guatemala, Bhutan, Honduras, Cambodia, Tunisia and Bangladesh.

The list has been prepared based on 46 indicators about “how well they are developing and deploying their human capital, focusing on education, skills and employment,” WEF report said.

“It aims to understand whether countries are wasting or leveraging their human potential,” it added.

The report said that it was observed through the list that 14 countries have achieved 80% human capital optimization, while 38 countries score between 70 to 80%. Moreover, 40 countries score between 60 to 70%, 20 countries between 50 to 60% and 9 countries reside below 50%.

In the most populous regions like Asia and the Pacific, there’s a huge disparity between the highest and lowest performing countries.

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Report Claims, As Many As 1 Billion Indians Live in Areas of Water Scarcity

The report also highlighted that India uses the largest amount of groundwater -- 24 per cent of the global total and the country is the third largest exporter of groundwater -- 12 per cent of the global total.

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Global groundwater depletion - where the amount of water taken from aquifers exceeds the amount that is restored naturally - increased by 22 per cent between 2000 and 2010, said the report, adding that India's rate of groundwater depletion increased by 23 per cent during the same period. Pixabay

As many as one billion people in India live in areas of physical water scarcity, of which 600 million are in areas of high to extreme water stress, according to a new report.

Globally, close to four billion people live in water-scarce areas, where, for at least part of the year, demand exceeds supply, said the report by non-profit organisation WaterAid.

This number is expected to go up to five billion by 2050, said the report titled “Beneath the Surface: The State of the World’s Water 2019”, released to mark World Water Day on March 22.

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Pure water droplet. Pixabay

Physical water scarcity is getting worse, exacerbated by growing demand on water resources and and by climate and population changes.

By 2040 it is predicted that 33 countries are likely to face extremely high water stress – including 15 in the Middle East, most of Northern Africa, Pakistan, Turkey, Afghanistan and Spain. Many – including India, China, Southern Africa, USA and Australia – will face high water stress.

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Globally, close to four billion people live in water-scarce areas, where, for at least part of the year, demand exceeds supply, said the report by non-profit organisation WaterAid. Pixabay

Global groundwater depletion – where the amount of water taken from aquifers exceeds the amount that is restored naturally – increased by 22 per cent between 2000 and 2010, said the report, adding that India’s rate of groundwater depletion increased by 23 per cent during the same period.

Also Read: Beware! Sipping Hot Tea Raises Risk of Esophageal Cancer

The report also highlighted that India uses the largest amount of groundwater — 24 per cent of the global total and the country is the third largest exporter of groundwater — 12 per cent of the global total.

The WaterAid report warned that food and clothing imported by wealthy Western countries are making it harder for many poor and marginalised communities to get a daily clean water supply as high-income countries buy products with considerable “water footprints” – the amount of water used in production — from water-scarce countries. (IANS)