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India to commemorate the 50th anniversary of its 1965 war victory with grand celebrations

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Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk
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New Delhi: The commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the 1965 India-Pakistan war is expected to be done in a big way, much like other events celebrated or commemorated by the present government.

The Narendra Modi government’s plans include the display of articles related to the war, including photographs of gallantry award winners, war trophies, and models of major battles during the war. The events, which will also witness the veterans of the war being felicitated, will see Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh, who had led the Indian Air Force during the war, being honored. The nature of honor to be bestowed is yet to be decided.

“Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh will be honored as he was the chief of the Indian Air Force during the war,” a defense ministry official said.

He is the only IAF officer to be promoted to the five-star rank.

Air Marshal Arjan Singh with senior army commanders.  Source: http://www.sikh-history.com
Air Marshal Arjan Singh with senior army commanders.
Source: http://www.sikh-history.com

The war had witnessed the aircrafts of the Indian and Pakistani Air Forces engaging in combat for the first time since independence in 1947. Though the two armies previously faced off in the war in Kashmir in 1948, that engagement was very limited in scale compared to the 1965 conflict.

While both India and Pakistan claim victory in the war, the commemoration by India is being seen as its iteration that it came up trumps.

During the conflict, India had captured around 1,920 square km of Pakistani territory, whereas Pakistan captured around 550 square km of Indian territory.

Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk
Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk

The commemoration which is scheduled to take place from August 28 to September 26, will witness all three wings of the armed forces participating.

An official brief on the commemoration prepared by the defense ministry calls it the “most intense war in which India imposed a telling defeat on Pakistan.”

Nearly 3,000 soldiers, sailors, and airmen were killed in the war that lasted 17 days.

According to the countdown, the commemoration will start on August 28, the day the Indian Army captured Hajipir Pass, with a wreath laying ceremony at the Amar Jawan Jyoti memorial to the Unknown Soldier at the India Gate here.

A tri-service seminar will be held on September 1-2 at the Manekshaw Centre in the national capital, which is likely to see President Pranab Mukherjee as the chief guest. It will also witness the release of a book being published by the three services on the war.

Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk
Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk

An exhibition will be held from September 15 to September 20 at the lawns near Rajpath, from Janpath crossing to Mansingh crossing in New Delhi, where, among other things, war trophies from the conflict will be on display.

The exhibition will also have a gallantry arena, with photographs of medal awardees of the war; a sacrifice arena, to remember those killed among the three service; and a display arena to exhibit weapons and equipment used during the conflict.

The exhibition will also have an element of entertainment, with performances by servicemen including khukri dance, bhangra, kalaripayattu, motorcycle display teams, millitary band performances, and cavalry displays, as also a tattoo, cultural events, and martial arts displays.

Tableaus of major battles of the war will also be on display.

Source: http://www.indiandefencereview.com/
Source: http://www.indiandefencereview.com/

A commemorative event, on the lines of ‘Rahagiri concept’ on September 20 is also planned. This will mean closing a section of the Rajpath to enable the public to participate in the event.

On the evening of September 20, a musical evening will be held at the India Gate lawns, with patriotic songs setting the tone.

On September 22, the war veterans will be felicitated.

Along with these, commemoration events will also be held at different stations of the armed forces across the country. (IANS)

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Diesel Exhaust Converted Into Ink by Indian Innovators To Battle Air Pollution

Supervised by young engineers, workers at the start-up company Chakr Innovation in New Delhi cut and weld sheets of metal to make devices that will capture black plumes of smoke from diesel generators and convert it into ink.

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representational image. VOA

Supervised by young engineers, workers at the start-up company Chakr Innovation in New Delhi cut and weld sheets of metal to make devices that will capture black plumes of smoke from diesel generators and convert it into ink.

In a cabin, young engineers pore over drawings and hunch over computers as they explore more applications of the technology that they hope will aid progress in cleaning up the Indian capital’s toxic air – among the world’s dirtiest.

While the millions of cars that ply Delhi’s streets are usually blamed for the city’s deadly air pollution, another big culprit is the massive diesel generators used by industries and buildings to light up homes and offices during outages when power from the grid switches off – a frequent occurrence in summer. Installed in backyards and basements, they stay away from the public eye.

“Although vehicular emissions are the show stoppers, they are the ones which get the media attention, the silent polluters are the diesel generators,” says Arpit Dhupar, one of the three engineers who co-founded the start up.

The idea that this polluting smoke needs attention struck Dhupar three years ago as he sipped a glass of sugarcane juice at a roadside vendor and saw a wall blackened with the fumes of a diesel generator he was using.

It jolted him into joining with two others who co-founded the start-up to find a solution. Dhupar had experienced first hand the deadly impact of this pollution as he developed respiratory problems growing up in Delhi.

An Indian girls holds a banner during a protest against air pollution in New Delhi, India, Nov. 6, 2016.
An Indian girls holds a banner during a protest against air pollution in New Delhi, India, Nov. 6, 2016.

A new business

As the city’s dirty air becomes a serious health hazard for many citizens, it has turned into both a calling and a business opportunity for entrepreneurs looking at ways to improve air quality.

According to estimates, vehicles contribute 22 percent of the deadly PM 2.5 emissions in Delhi, while the share of diesel generators is about 15 percent. These emissions settle deep into the lungs, causing a host of respiratory problems.

After over two years of research and development, Chakr has begun selling devices to tap the diesel exhaust. They have been installed in 50 places, include public sector and private companies.

The technology involves cooling the exhaust in a “heat exchanger” where the tiny soot particles come together. These are then funneled into another chamber that captures 70 to 90 percent of the particulate matter. The carbon is isolated and converted into ink.

Among their first clients was one of the city’s top law firms, Jyoti Sagar Associates, which is housed in a building in Delhi’s business hub Gurgaon.

Making a contribution to minimizing the carbon footprint is a subject that is close to Sagar’s heart – his 32-year-old daughter has long suffered from the harmful effects of Delhi’s toxic air.

Motorists drive surrounded by smog, in New Delhi, India, Nov. 8, 2017.
Motorists drive surrounded by smog, in New Delhi, India, Nov. 8, 2017.

“This appealed to us straightaway, the technology is very impactful but is beautifully simple,” says Sagar. Since it could be retrofitted, it did not disrupt the day-to-day activities at the buzzing office. “Let’s be responsible. Let’s at least not leave behind a larger footprint of carbon. And if we can afford to control it, why not, it’s good for all,” he says.

At Chakr Innovation, cups, diaries and paper bags printed with the ink made from the exhaust serve as constant reminders of the amount of carbon emissions that would have escaped into the atmosphere.

There has been a lot of focus on improving Delhi’s air by reducing vehicular pollution and making more stringent norms for manufacturers, but the same has not happened for diesel generators. Although there are efforts to penalize businesses that dirty the atmosphere, this often prompts them to find ways to get around the norms.

Also Read: Exposure to Traffic-Related Pollution Poses Threat of Asthma in Kids

Tushar Mathur who joined the start up after working for ten years in the corporate sector feels converting smoke into ink is a viable solution. “Here is a technology which is completely sustainable, a win-win between businesses and environment,” says Mathur. (VOA)