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Interesting Facts about Pradosh Vrat and Narada Jayanti in Hinduism- by Dr Bharti Raizada

Narada found Vishnu in his viraat swarupa form Source: media

Pradosh Vrat

Pradosh vrat is done twice in a lunar month on the 13th day, or tryodashi, of both shukla and krishn paksh.  The word pradosh means dusk or sandhyakaal. Prayers are offered to Bhagwan Shiv and Devi Parvati. Devotees read kathas from Scand Puran and chant Mahamrityunjya mantr 108 times. Devotees get health, wealth, knowledge, wisdom, positive thinking, peace, children, happiness, and prosperity. Devotees also get rid of their past sins.

If pradosh vrat falls on Monday then it is called Som Pradosh Vrat. If it is on Tuesday then it is called Bhaum Pradosh Vrat. Saumya Vaar Pradosh Vrat is on Wednesday, Guruvaar on Thursday, Brighu on Friday, Shanni on Saturday, and Bhanu on Sunday

2017 Pradosh Vrat dates are:

January 10 and 25, February 8 and 24, March 10 and 25, April 8 and 24, May 8 and 23, June 6 and 21, July 6 and 21, August 4 and 19, September 3 and 17, October 3 and 17, November 1 and 15, December 1, 15, and 30


Narada Jayanti

Devrishi Narad Muni was born from mind energy of Bhrama and therefore is called the Manas Putr of Brahma. Narad Jayanti is  celebrated in krishn paksh of the vaishak month on the  day after Vaishakh poornima. 

This year it is on May 11th. His Jayanti is celebrated as Patrakar Divas in India. He is devotee of Bhagwan Vishnu and keeps chanting Narayan Narayan. He has Mahathi Veena and Khartal in his hands and is the leader of Gandharvs.

He has the ability to go in all the three loks i.e. Prithvi, Akaash, and Patal. He is also called Trikal Vedi as he knows the past, present, and future at the same time. He takes/ gives information from/ to Rishis, Devtas, Devis, and Bhagwan.

He helped Dhruv and Hirankshyap’s wife Kayadhu. Dhruv and Prahlad, Kayadhu’s son, became great devotees of Bhagwan Vishnu. He played an important role in the writing of the Ramayan by Rishi Valmiki and Sreemad Bhagwatam by Rishi Ved Vyas.

Narad Bhakti Sutra, Narad Purana, Narad Pancaratra, Narad smriti or Narad Dharmashastra are some of the hindu texts associated with Devrishi Narad. His temple is in Korva or Naradgaadhe near Raichur and Chigateri near Davanagere in Karnataka.

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Right of Nature: Are Rivers Living Beings?

Should rivers be considered Living Entities?

Right of Nature
Many cultures across the globe believe that rivers are living beings or Gods/Goddesses and they just take the form of water bodies.

By Dr. Bharti Raizada, Chicago

Science says that water bodies are not living entities, as water does not need food, does not grow, and reproduce. Water is required for life, but in itself it is nonliving.

However, many cultures across the globe believe that rivers are living beings or Gods/Goddesses and they just take the form of water bodies.

The Maori tribe in New Zealand considers the Whanganui River as their ancestor and the Maori people fought to get it a legal status as a living being. In 2017, a court in New Zealand gave this river the status of living being and same rights as humans, to protect it from pollution. Thus, now if someone pollutes in it then it is considered equivalent to harming a human.

ALSO READ: Worshiping mother nature part of our tradition: Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Right of Nature
Rivers are sacred in many religions, including Hinduism. Image courtesy: Dr. Bharti Raizada

Rivers are sacred in Hinduism also. Hindus believe that the Ganga descended from heaven and call her Ganga Maa. A few days after New Zealand’s court decision, Uttarakhand high court in India gave the Ganga and Yamuna rivers and their tributaries the status of living human entities. The Court-appointed three officials as legal custodians. However, the court did not clarify many aspects related to this decision.

After this verdict some of the questions, which naturally came to mind, were:

Can Hindus still do rituals of flowing ashes, leaves, flowers, diyas in river or no? Can a dam be built on the river after this judgment? If some damage, to a person, animal, plants, or property, occurs because of river e.g. overflow, hurricanes, flooding etc., how the river will pay the liabilities? What if all rivers, oceans, ponds etc. are given the status of living beings? Will drinking water from river become a crime? What about taking water and using it for routine needs,  agriculture or building structures? Will it be illegal? If a child throws a stone in water, will it be a criminal act? Will fishing be considered stealing? What about boating? If someone is using heat near water and water evaporates, is it equal to taking the body part of a human being? What about taking a bath in the river?

Right of Nature
If the river gets a living status, as human, then we cannot use it for anything without its permission, so everyone has to stop touching the water. Image courtesy: Dr. Bharti Raizada

ALSO READ: Decoding supernatural: What is the nature of entities and gods who influence human behavior

Other queries, which arise, are:

Will animals and plants get the same status? What if you kill an ant or a chicken etc. or cut a tree? Will all animals and plants get a legal custodian?

Where is all the waste supposed to go? It has to go somewhere back in nature, right?

Uttrakhand state government challenged the judgement in Supreme Court and the latter reversed the judgment.

Right of Nature
So where do we stand? In my opinion, granting living status to nature is a different thing than giving protected status or preserving nature. Image by Dr. Bharti Raizada

ALSO READ: How nature destroys the negative tendencies in a positive manner

Ecuador’s constitution recognized the Right of Nature to exist, specifically Vilcabamba river, in 2008.

Then Bolivia passed the law of the right of mother earth and granted Nature equal rights as humans.

Many communities in the U.S.A. passed the Right of Nature law.

These laws are creating a dilemma or quandary also, as people need to use these resources. We cannot live without using natural resources. However, there is a difference between using natural resources and afflicting or destroying these. So, please use natural resources very diligently. Try not to vitiate nature.

On World Water Day (March 22), please start taking care of rivers, so that there is no need for future celebrations. It should not be a one-day celebration anyway, we should scrupulously look out for nature all the time.

Dr. Raizada is a practicing anesthesiologist.