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International Men’s Day: Criteria you have to fulfill if you are a ‘Man’ in India

You need to pull the chair, pay the bill, open the door, also you should go on your knees to propose the girl you love, and at the same time, you got to believe in equality of both the sexes

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Representational image. VOA
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November 19, 2016: November 19 marks the International Men’s Day in the honor of men across the globe but it’s not as big in India as it should be. While the rest of the world on this day highlight important issues concerning men such as the men’s health issues and discrimination they face, Indians don’t really know of the occasion much.

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Maybe, because the root of patriarchy in India is so deep that to dedicate a special day to them doesn’t seem to be necessary. However, privilege does come along with its own set of pressures, and it’s the same in India.

On International Men’s Day, let’s look at the other side of the story.

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The unfortunate sides of being a man in India:

You should be the breadwinner

Men are by default expected to be the breadwinner of the family. They essentially need to take up well-paid jobs. You don’t really have the option to take up something where the pay is less as you need to support your family.

In comparison to that, some women in India still have the luxury to choose their own career without thinking much about the returns, or even they can choose not work at all, but men, they don’t really have such an option in India.

If your wife is a working woman, you should earn more than your wife. Always!

In this 21st century, Indians have somewhat made peace with educated, and working women but wife earning more than the husband is something Indians still cannot stand. This may sound a little weird, but it cannot be denied.

Even if the husband himself doesn’t feel it that way, society will make sure that he feels the other way round by mocking or criticizing him.

You are a man. You should behave in a certain way

You are a man and you shouldn’t express your feelings in public. No matter how heartbroken you are, you cannot cry. You cannot wear pink as that’s too feminine. You need to be rough and tough, or pretend to be even if you are not. You should essentially love sports, and video games. Whereas, clicking selfies is again feminine.

Representational image. Pixabay
Representational image. Pixabay

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Feminism and Chivalry should go together for you; you cannot miss either of them

Pinch of both is essential. You need to pull the chair, pay the bill, open the door, also you should go on your knees to propose the girl you love, and at the same time, you got to believe in equality of both the sexes. You just need to choose between chivalry and feminism depending on the situation actually.

The concept of being ‘Manly’

‘Be a man’, ‘you are man’ are some of the phrases men in India will definitely listen as he’ll be growing up or rather all his life.

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Sadly what people fail to understand is there is nothing called masculine or feminine- it is a perspective that varies from person to person, and it cannot be determined by gender.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi

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Copyright 2016 NewsGram

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Diesel Exhaust Converted Into Ink by Indian Innovators To Battle Air Pollution

Supervised by young engineers, workers at the start-up company Chakr Innovation in New Delhi cut and weld sheets of metal to make devices that will capture black plumes of smoke from diesel generators and convert it into ink.

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representational image. VOA

Supervised by young engineers, workers at the start-up company Chakr Innovation in New Delhi cut and weld sheets of metal to make devices that will capture black plumes of smoke from diesel generators and convert it into ink.

In a cabin, young engineers pore over drawings and hunch over computers as they explore more applications of the technology that they hope will aid progress in cleaning up the Indian capital’s toxic air – among the world’s dirtiest.

While the millions of cars that ply Delhi’s streets are usually blamed for the city’s deadly air pollution, another big culprit is the massive diesel generators used by industries and buildings to light up homes and offices during outages when power from the grid switches off – a frequent occurrence in summer. Installed in backyards and basements, they stay away from the public eye.

“Although vehicular emissions are the show stoppers, they are the ones which get the media attention, the silent polluters are the diesel generators,” says Arpit Dhupar, one of the three engineers who co-founded the start up.

The idea that this polluting smoke needs attention struck Dhupar three years ago as he sipped a glass of sugarcane juice at a roadside vendor and saw a wall blackened with the fumes of a diesel generator he was using.

It jolted him into joining with two others who co-founded the start-up to find a solution. Dhupar had experienced first hand the deadly impact of this pollution as he developed respiratory problems growing up in Delhi.

An Indian girls holds a banner during a protest against air pollution in New Delhi, India, Nov. 6, 2016.
An Indian girls holds a banner during a protest against air pollution in New Delhi, India, Nov. 6, 2016.

A new business

As the city’s dirty air becomes a serious health hazard for many citizens, it has turned into both a calling and a business opportunity for entrepreneurs looking at ways to improve air quality.

According to estimates, vehicles contribute 22 percent of the deadly PM 2.5 emissions in Delhi, while the share of diesel generators is about 15 percent. These emissions settle deep into the lungs, causing a host of respiratory problems.

After over two years of research and development, Chakr has begun selling devices to tap the diesel exhaust. They have been installed in 50 places, include public sector and private companies.

The technology involves cooling the exhaust in a “heat exchanger” where the tiny soot particles come together. These are then funneled into another chamber that captures 70 to 90 percent of the particulate matter. The carbon is isolated and converted into ink.

Among their first clients was one of the city’s top law firms, Jyoti Sagar Associates, which is housed in a building in Delhi’s business hub Gurgaon.

Making a contribution to minimizing the carbon footprint is a subject that is close to Sagar’s heart – his 32-year-old daughter has long suffered from the harmful effects of Delhi’s toxic air.

Motorists drive surrounded by smog, in New Delhi, India, Nov. 8, 2017.
Motorists drive surrounded by smog, in New Delhi, India, Nov. 8, 2017.

“This appealed to us straightaway, the technology is very impactful but is beautifully simple,” says Sagar. Since it could be retrofitted, it did not disrupt the day-to-day activities at the buzzing office. “Let’s be responsible. Let’s at least not leave behind a larger footprint of carbon. And if we can afford to control it, why not, it’s good for all,” he says.

At Chakr Innovation, cups, diaries and paper bags printed with the ink made from the exhaust serve as constant reminders of the amount of carbon emissions that would have escaped into the atmosphere.

There has been a lot of focus on improving Delhi’s air by reducing vehicular pollution and making more stringent norms for manufacturers, but the same has not happened for diesel generators. Although there are efforts to penalize businesses that dirty the atmosphere, this often prompts them to find ways to get around the norms.

Also Read: Exposure to Traffic-Related Pollution Poses Threat of Asthma in Kids

Tushar Mathur who joined the start up after working for ten years in the corporate sector feels converting smoke into ink is a viable solution. “Here is a technology which is completely sustainable, a win-win between businesses and environment,” says Mathur. (VOA)