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Internet of Things (IoT) to empower millions in rural areas

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By Nishant Arora

New Delhi, March 24: Some call it the fourth industrial revolution or “industry 4.0”; for others, the time when machines can “talk” at “smart” factories and “connected” homes to make your life better is here. But for India, Internet of Things (IoT) can bring a real revolution: empowering millions in rural areas and connecting “humans” to the mainstream.

A well-connected nation is the first step towards a well-served nation and, hence, connecting rural India to the IoT will provide the much-needed bridge between urban and rural India.

“It is a surefire way of channelling the benefits of a digital economy to the largest part of the country. IoT will enable delivery of education, health, governance and financial services to otherwise underserved areas,” Oracle India managing director Shailender Kumar stressed.

For example, most patients in rural areas do not have access to specialists. Thus, several large hospitals in the metros are beginning to offer remote consulting services in rural villages using media-rich network capabilities.

“The doctors can see and interact with patients in remote telemedicine centres, with the case history and medical data automatically transmitted to the doctor for analysis. Similarly, the IoT technology can be leveraged to offer high-quality remote education in high schools across the country,” Shailendra Kumar told reporters.

The IoT connectivity also offers a host of development opportunities to untapped areas, including manufacturing and e-commerce to market local and traditional products.

“A host of ‘localisation’ technologies can help different regions to communicate; so language is not a barrier. Relevant information and updates can be provided in local languages and scripts,” the Oracle executive added.

According to K.S. Viswanathan, vice president (industrial initiative) at apex IT body Nasscom (National Association of Software and Services Companies), as IoT emerges as the next big thing to become a $300 billion global industry by 2020, India is all set to capture at least 20 percent market share in the next five years.

“The IoT is dramatically alerting manufacturing, energy, transportation, medical and other industrial sectors worldwide,” said Viswanathan while launching the “Nasscom IoT Centre of Excellence” in Coimbatore last week.

Andhra Pradesh has taken a lead when it comes to leveraging the IoT potential in the country. The state government has approved the first-of-its-kind IoT policy with an aim to turn the state into an IoT hub by 2020 and tap 10 percent market share in the country.

“We will develop state-of-the-art IoT infrastructure that matches global standards to grab an Indian market share of $1.5 billion by 2020,” said state IT minister Palle Raghunatha Reddy as the Centre is currently drafting an ambitious policy to create an Indian IoT industry worth $15 billion by 2020.

On the global consumer front, Gartner has forecast that 6.4 billion connected things will be in use worldwide in 2016, up 30 percent from 2015, and will reach 20.8 billion by 2020.

As you traverse through these mind-boggling IoT numbers, where does India stand?

“We see that India will have a significant growth in IoT connections in the next four-five years,” said Mats Lundquist, chief executive officer at Telenor Connexion, Sweden-based leading enabler of connected business solutions.

Industry numbers indicate that manufacturing will be one of the main IoT drivers in the Asia Pacific (APAC) market and will be the biggest sector in IoT spending.

According to a report from global market research firm Frost & Sullivan, manufacturing contributed 30 percent of the IoT spending in 2014 and it is expected to rise up to 32 percent of total spending in the APAC region by 2020 which equates nearly $79 billion.

“Being an emerging market, India has a big potential owing to several initiatives like “Digital India” and “Smart Cities”. The next big market (for connected devices) in the world is south Asia and India holds a good position,” Apalak Ghosh, principal consultant at market research and consulting firm CyberMedia Research (CMR), told reporters.

“Eventually, south Asia will contribute to about 30-40 percent of the total connected things,” Ghosh added.

So where will the real revenue come from – the consumer or the enterprise sector?

“The Digital India initiative has created a strategic roadmap to build and strengthen domain competency and place India on the global IoT map. We believe that the enterprise sector will bolster IoT revenues,” elaborated Deep Agarwal, regional sales director (India) of US-based Zebra Technologies that builds tracking technology and solutions.

“To begin with, the revenue will first come from the enterprise sector. As the technology booms, the revenue will start coming from the consumer sector,” Ghosh added.

Since IoT is a concept of devices talking to one another, there is a lot of data transfer happening which is vulnerable to cyber threats as well.

“The cloud can work as a catalyst to make IoT work and for that, there has to be a right kind of framework that can assist it. The GRC (governance, risk management and compliance) guidelines can play an important part to make IoT work in a proper manner,” Ghosh said.

India is currently a small IoT market but with great potential. “We will definitely see a great development in the country on the IoT front in the coming years,” Lundquist pointed out.

For Oracle’s Shailendra Kumar, rural India is set to transform itself by taking the technology leap and adopting real-life solutions like IoT. (IANS)

 

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A Professional Guide to Maintaining LED Lights the Right Way

Maintenance of lighting fixtures may include cleaning luminaires, replacing defective parts, and even re-positioning of luminaires.

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LED lights are also low on maintenance, meaning they require little tinkering and are replaced over a longer time.
LED luminaires are the choice of most professional lighting designers and professionals who extensively work with lighting systems. Pixabay

LED lights are one of the most significant innovations in the lighting industry. Not only have they revolutionised the lighting industry but have also paved way towards innumerable applications including IoT, Li-Fi and Smart Lighting. These semiconducting diodes are highly energy-efficient, environmentally friendly, and long-lasting. In addition to these advantages, LED lights are also low on maintenance, meaning they require little tinkering and are replaced over a longer time.

LED lights are also low on maintenance, meaning they require little tinkering and are replaced over a longer time.
LED lights are also low on maintenance, meaning they require little tinkering and are replaced over a longer time.

 

LED luminaires are the choice of most professional lighting designers and professionals who extensively work with lighting systems. Professionals should maintain responsible lighting design to preserve fixtures and sustain the lighting goal for longer. Maintenance of lighting fixtures may include cleaning luminaires, replacing defective parts, and even re-positioning of luminaires.

Here is a professional guide to maintaining LED lights the right way

  1. Read User Manual Before Use

Discarding the user manual is a common practice adopted by many for numerous products. However, in case of LED lights, user manual becomes an essential piece of information that can tell the users about specific warnings and limitations of the LED lights. Furthermore, user manual also contains information on how to install and disassemble the fixture. This piece of booklet also has information telling users about the practices they should follow and the ones they should avoid when using LED lights.

  1. Maintaining Adequate Temperature and Humidity

LED lights are highly durable and can bear extreme changes in temperature and humidity without failing. However, this is true only in the case of LED lights that have a superior construction. For instance, Wipro Lighting, one of the most technologically advanced LED lights manufacturers have products that can withstand extremely high changes in temperature while also boasting of an IP 66 construction for their fixtures. This prevents the internal electrical components from getting damaged which usually happens in case of inferior LED products.

  1. Periodical Cleaning

Even though LED lights require less maintenance which contributes to reduced costs, it is advisable to clean them periodically. The fixtures must be cleaned as mentioned in the user manual to avoid any electrical shortages. Furthermore, cleaning the fixtures not only helps in removing the dust and debris but also from potential electrical shortages caused by them.

LED luminaires are the choice of most professional lighting designers and professionals who extensively work with lighting systems.
Discarding the user manual is a common practice adopted by many for numerous products. However, in case of LED lights, user manual becomes an essential piece of information. Pixabay
  1. Performing Inspections

One of the most significant advantages of LED lights is that they can be paired with an entire networking system. IoT or Internet of Things enables LED lights to be controlled and monitored over a network. A facility manager can use this system to perform inspections including checking for lumen depreciation. Maintaining LED lights is essential, especially in a commercial environment. These inspections can help in figuring out any changes in colour temperatures, a pronounced colour shift, and if there is a degradation in lighting output.

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  1. Choosing the right LED fixtures

Selecting the appropriate LED lights is the first step towards maintaining them. Investing in quality LED lights can minimise their maintenance cost while making them last longer. Before choosing the LED lights, it is important to know specific factors including the required colour temperature, colour rendering index, lumen output and applications of a particular light fixture. Moreover, choosing LED luminaires with better thermal management system will further bring down the maintenance cost as improved management will increase the longevity of LED drivers.

There is no doubt that LED lights are much more durable than any other lighting system. However, even though they are advertised as being maintenance free, it is always a good idea to carry out periodic maintenance for increasing their longevity further. Remember, the overall longevity of LED lights is rated at 50,000 hours; however, this is inclusive of all components that make up a lighting fixture. So, it is essential to keep the factors mentioned above in mind.