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Is Stephen Hawking’s call for assisted suicide right? Decoding the morality of ending a life

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By Rukma Singh

“I would consider assisted suicide only if I were in great pain or felt I had nothing more to contribute but was just a burden to those around me”, said Stephen Hawking in a recent interview with Tara O’Briain for BBC.

Stephen Hawking, a 73-year-old physicist, is a living tale of extraordinaire. He has been suffering from the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis since the age of 21, but that hasn’t deterred him from achieving what he wanted in life. Even after a lifetime of scientific contributions to the world, the physicist believes he hasn’t done enough.

He continues to be motivated and believes that he still has a long way to go.“I am damned if I’m going to die before I have unraveled more of the universe,” he says.

In an interview, Hawking commented on the much-debated concept of assisted suicide. He said, “To keep someone alive against their wishes is the ultimate indignity.”

Hawking’s comment has once again sparked the debate on the subject of assisted suicide.

There are a number of aspects involved with this issue, and to choose to go for or against it is a tough decision to make.

Key influential figures have come forth to present their opinion about the same. In addition to Hawking, there’s Pope Francis, who, in November 2014 said that the ‘“right-to-die” is a sin against God and creation.” He gave his comments in response to the international movement that had been going on to legalize assisted suicide, especially in India and the UK.

Interestingly, another religious leader – Desmond Tutu – a Nobel peace laureate and archbishop emeritus of Cape Town lent his full-fledged support to Britain’s plans of legally allowing assisted death.

‘The Right To Die’

A demand for a right to die is simple, but the differential understanding of key concepts involved in the debate, means that any model of assisted suicide retains certain aspects that put its moral stature to test.

Those in favour of assisted suicide claim that every person has the right to decide what to do with their lives as long as they aren’t inflicting any harm on others. Moreover, they believe that it is a moral duty of the society to relive their fellow humans from their sufferings, instead of choosing not to help them and encouraging them to live a deplorable life.

The Conflict 

On the contrary, opponents of the same argue that people have a moral obligation to respect and preserve all forms of life. They should strive for the creation of a peaceful society wherein all humans co- exist, and not a society where questions of life and death are in the bare hands of people, holding the power of such a momentous decision.

To delve deeper into the debate, it is essential to note the key aspect of the debate, the difference between active and passive euthanasia (assisted suicide).

Active euthanasia occurs when the medical professionals deliberately do something that causes the death of the patient, such as administering a lethal substance.

Passive euthanasia occurs when the patient dies because the medical professionals withhold the common treatments necessary for keeping the patient alive, for example, switching off life support or disconnecting a feeding tube.

The Debate Of Morality

The question which one is ‘better’ out of the two, has often been equated to asking the real difference between ‘killing’ and ‘letting die’. Many people in favour of passive euthanasia argue that it is morally acceptable to withhold treatment and let the patient die.

A number of doctors agree with the same because it frees them from the non-adherence to the basic rule of medicine : “Thou shalt not kill.” The rule also says, “Thou needst not strive officiously, to keep alive.”

Is There A Real Difference After All?

However, there are some people who argue that there is no real difference between the two modes as both result in death. If stopping treatment is a deliberate act, so is deciding not to carry out a particular treatment.

Philosophers, on the other hand, argue that if we had to choose one method with higher morality, it’ll be active euthanasia, because it ends in the loss of life with lesser pain and in an easier manner.

 The International Debate

The most recent development is the California Senate’s approval of a Physician-Assisted Suicide Bill that would allow some terminally ill patients to obtain medication to end their lives. Opponents of the Bill say it is dangerous.

“Californians with terminal diseases should have the autonomy to approach death on their own terms, and I look forward to continuing this policy discussion in the Assembly,” California Senator Bill Monning, (D-Carmel), one of the bill’s sponsors, said in a statement on June 4th,2015.

In Ireland, however, a whole new advocacy group against assisted suicide has sprung up. The group argues that legalizing assisted suicide and euthanasia would hint towards a direct discrimination against the disabled. This argument happens to be the most widely given and accepted, in debates all across the globe.

Doctors claim that more often it isn’t used by older people, but by “middle-aged to younger-older” people, where the main reason seems to be a fear of disability or a fear of age-related diseases.

The Case Of India

In India, the prime reason why the debate about euthanasia began and gained force was Aruna Shanbaug,a nurse working in the KEM  hospital in Mumbai.  She was strangled and sodomized by Sohanlal Walmiki, a sweeper. During the attack she was strangled with a chain, and the deprivation of oxygen had left her in a vegetative state since 1973. A judgment was passed in wake of social activist Pinki Virani’s plea to the highest court in December 2009 under the Constitutional provision of “Next Friend”. In 2011, the Government passed a historic judgement-law permitting passive euthanasia in the country. This, however, did not help Aruna. The court rejected the plea to discontinue Aruna’s life support due to the fact that the hospital staff that treated her did not support euthanizing her.She died from pneumonia on 18 May 2015, after being in a coma for 42 years.

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  • There are few reasons someone would want to die or want to see a family member die instead of watching them die of a slow painful death. Also with men who have always been prove men. Then once they can no longer stand to use the tiolet their pride is taken from them. I remembering writting a letter to the Doctor at the hospital about my father to stop his pain.

  • There are few reasons someone would want to die or want to see a family member die instead of watching them die of a slow painful death. Also with men who have always been prove men. Then once they can no longer stand to use the tiolet their pride is taken from them. I remembering writting a letter to the Doctor at the hospital about my father to stop his pain.

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Organized and Successful Planning is the Key to a Rational Decision

Any crucial decision in your life is a result of a well-thought-out debate, whether you buy an electrical appliance or choose a career

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Africa is no more the poor country we think it is, it is time to break the stereotypes.
  • Decision-making can be tough for many
  • To make a rational decision, planning is very important
  • A happy life is only guaranteed when we are sure of the decisions we make

Reaching a decision is not an easy task. It requires multiple sessions of discussions with your dear ones, and at times, with yourself. A logical and reasonable decision asks for a period of systematic planning and scheming that see

Children today lack the thinking skills
Planning and talking are important to make any decision. Pixabay

ms to succeed all obstacles. Naturally, this holds true for all the spheres of life.

A pre-planned decision helps to live a life happily without unnecessary risks. It also reduces the chance of committing goof-ups or mistakes thereby propelling life through a smooth path. Therefore, if you want to have a tension free and protected future, you need to start planning from now. Taking this step will help you dodge all problems that life offers every now and then.

How plans prove to be of help?

Thorough planning can be of much help, even for simple tasks such as studying for your exams or major life events such as career planning. If you are still wondering about the capability of organised planning, then these instances can solve the dilemma appreciably:

  • Regular studying: It is good to chalk out a blueprint of your daily routines and dedicate fixed time duration for studying regular throughout the year. This will not only strengthen your base and provide you with confidence but will also prevent sudden disasters.
  • Career planning: Choosing a career is a crucial stage, and you should take this decision after a proper understanding of the situation. If you start planning beforehand and utilise your strengths, you can easily decide the best career for you.

    Career planning always needs one to think rationally.

However, planning is not always about self-planning, rather, you must strive to secure the future of your loved ones.Online term insurance is the most feasible option in this regard as it can protect your family for future uncertainties. Before subscribing to this thought, it is wise to understand the nuances and then reach a rational decision. Following points will help you make an informed decision:

Term insurance plan can cover your life at the lowest possible cost as compared to other plans. If any mishap happens to you,your ‘nominee’ will get the payout once he/she claims the death benefit. Moreover, insurancecompanies offer four different options to choose (while keeping in mind the benefits of the policyholder and his/ her family). Again, this decision also calls for organised planning, to see which payout option will suit your family if you aren’t there to suffice for them.

Also Read: Dying is ‘Less Sad’ than you Think: Study

Few other considerations

Here are other vital aspects to consider while opting for term insurance:

  • The term plan is an ideal one if you buy it in the range of 10-20 times of your annual income
  • There is no perfect time to buy term insurance online but go for it as early as possible
  • In addition to basic term cover, consider specific riders such as critical illness rider, accidental death benefit rider, accidental disability rider which can make your term plan a more secure one

Why go for it?

If you still think that why you should buy term insurance online, then there are quite a few valid reasons to do so. Do you want your young ones to compromise with their dream when you are not around to tend to it? Or do you want your spouse and family to go through a financial crisis because of your sudden demise? Of course, not!

Decisions can only be made when one is in a clear mindset.

Your family is precious, and in order to guard them, you will have to understand the value of your own life and money. Term insurance plans are not a luxury or mindless ploys; rather these are a necessary investment for a better and brighter future. So, know your needs and buy term insurance online to secure the future of your loved ones.

Conclusion:

Any crucial decision in your life is a result of a well-thought-out debate, whether you buy an electrical appliance or choose a career. Therefore, always use your rationality to organise your ideas and reach a favourable conclusion!