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Islamic Banking in India- a Wrong precedence with dangerous consequences

More than financial impact, Islamic banking might be an adverse step towards secular ethos of the Hindu majority India

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Faisal Islamic Bank , Khartoum, Sudan. Wikimedia Commons

Amit Srivastava

As the year 2016 began,the decision to allow Islamic Banking was cleared up by the Reserve Bank of India. Reason: To honor the concept of financial inclusion.

In essence , the Committee on “Medium-Term Path for Financial Inclusion”, headed by Deepak Mohanty, has recommended “interest free windows” in existing conventional banks. It was done to pave ways for Islamic Banking in which the interest rates are banned. Now, India will get its first taste of sharia-compliant banking when the Saudi Arabia-based Islamic Development Bank launches operations in Gujarat. Let us go back a few years. In year 2007, the RBI working group had recommended that India must not permit Islamic banks to operate in the country. Now the RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan  has reversed the institution’s earlier stand on Islamic Banking. Needless to say, the central government headed by BJP Prime Minister Narendra Modi is equally keen on implementing the Islamic banking.

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Dynamics of Islamic Banking?

As per Sharia Laws, the interest on principle is ‘Haram’. Hence, Islamic banking doesn’t have concept of interest-rates. It may adversely affect the entire financial ecosystem of the nation. More than financial impact, Islamic banking might be an adverse step towards secular ethos of the Hindu majority India.

Before we analyze the socio-economic impacts of Islamic Banking, let us know about the various aspect of Islamic banking. Basically, Islamic banking has concepts of: Riba (interest), Haram (Non-Islamic), Halal (Islamic), Gharar (uncertainty), Maysir (gambling) and Zakat (Charity). Riba is the most important aspect of interest-free banking, and means prohibition of interest. Haram/Halal is a strict code for interest-free financial activities and its implications on Muslims and non-Muslims. Ghrarar/Maysir bans gambling in all forms. And Zakat is an instrument for Islamic charity.

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These aspects of Islamic banking strictly make it exclusive for Muslims. As per Sharia jurists, riba transactions with non-Muslims in Dar-ul-Harb (a Non-Islamic State) are not permissible. An Islamic bank also impose Gharar and Maysir on non-Muslims (Kafirs). As per Hadith 8.24, it is not permissible to give zakat (charity) to a Kafir (Non-Muslim).

Even though few non-muslim economists have praised Islamic Banking, it has serious repercussion on the conventional financial system. There is intentional financial fraud being practiced by Muslim gangs. They intentionally provoke Muslims to harm the existing haram banking system. No wonder why, there is a huge number of small and medium loan-defaulters among Indian Muslims. They take loans from Public Sector bank and never repay. If Islamic Banking would be allowed everywhere, this process might get more in practice. Such defaulters will borrow from public sector bank (non-Islamic banks) and deposit in Islamic banks. This will increase the funds in Zakat. And Zakat is used for Islamic terrorists’ organization and Wahabi radical organizations. As per some reports, even ISIS is being funded indirectly by Zakat contributions from India.

In this context, it is also important to note that Sharia laws are only safe guard for Muslims. They allow Muslims to exploit Kafirs (non-Muslims) in all form, even those which are Haram for Muslims. For example, Because Allah hates non-Muslims (Qur’an 40:35), Koran commends Muslims to mock the non-Muslims (Qur’an 40:35), betray (86:15), terrorize (Qur’an 8:12) and behead Kafirs (Qur’an 47:4), snatch their wives for sex-slaves and captives (Qur’an 4:3, 4:24, 33:50).  Such hatred of Quran against Kafir is being preached to Muslims every day. If the demand for Sharia laws is fulfilled, they would be encouraged to do the gruesome crimes against non-Muslims as their holiest book prescribes so.

There is a risk of Terrorism funding via Islamic Bank

The logic of financial inclusion and few benefits by Islamic banking are just farce against the potential damages to be done by it. More than destroying non-Islamic banks and funding the Islamic terrorist, Islamic banking poses serious threat on the ethics of policy formation and the common good of the society. Now, when polygamy and marrying off the minor girls are allowed by courts of law in India, the upcoming Islamic banking would led it to a place from where Sharia rule India would become a reality. The same Sharia rules have made wife-beating legal in many Muslim countries. If wife-beating, sex-slavery are allowed in India tomorrow, it won’t be a surprise because such things are very much legal under Sharia Laws. Islamic banking sets precedence toward such horrific Sharia law. In above context of Islamic approach towards, non-Muslims it is imperative to safe-guard the welfare of the citizens. Just for 15% Muslims, government must not ignore the safety of 85% non-muslim population of India. Self-proclaimed secular and liberals are silent on this heavily communal move, because it would hurt the vote-bank of their masters. And right-wingers won’t prefer to speak against it as their government is implementing it. However, as vigilant citizens, we must oppose such regressive moves and save India from becoming another Syria or Pakistan.

Amit is a freelancer based in India. Twitter: @amisri

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Education Loan Repayment: Here’s What You Can Do

Taking an education loan today is easier than it was a few years ago

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Education loans
Education loan is a service that has helped many students over the years to achieve their academic pursuits. Pixabay

Education loan is a service that has helped many students over the years to achieve their academic pursuits. Many times, financial setbacks keep them from achieving their desired goals. For students, who have a fair knowledge of banking norms and have set ambitions for attaining good education, can apply for student loans. If you are also thinking of getting an education loan for higher studies, prefer borrowing it from a reputable bank. While applying for the loan, dig deeper to know about loan repayment, which is an essential part of the process to understand how to repay it back. You can also use an EMI calculator to get this information beforehand.

Taking an education loan today is easier than it was a few years ago. It is primarily due to the government’s increased drive to popularize these loans and increase competition among lenders following the entry into the space of Non-Banking Finance Companies. 

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When you take out a student loan, you should carry out due diligence before filing. As you will have to pay back the amount taken, the calculations you do will have repayment as its major part. An EMI calculator is a helpful tool in such cases.

Education loans
Some banks provide this facility where students can pay a part of their education loan as a consolidated payment and remaining amount in the form of an EMI. Shutterstock

The repayment process for education loans in India varies depending upon the policies of the lender. These loans also work the same way as other loans where you have to pay monthly instalments against the principal amount with a rate of interest. Higher EMI options generally have lower loan repayment tenures, which leads to quick settlements.

Here are a few important things you must know about an education loan:

Moratorium Period

Moratorium period is a gap given to the borrower or a student for the commencement of their loan repayment process. It is applicable only for education loans as students take them are still studying. For example, if a student opts for an education loan, he does not have to start repaying it right away, but after the moratorium period is over. The EMI repayment begins strictly as soon as this period gets over. The moratorium period is usually one year for most banks and varies accordingly as per policies.

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Education Loan EMI

Equated Monthly Instalment (EMI) is the payment you will have to make each month against the principal amount taken from the bank with an interest rate. It is essential while calculating the loan amount. If you want to know the EMI before going to any bank or financial institution, you can use an online EMI calculator. Make sure you borrow the education loan from renowned banks like Axis Bank that ensure quick and easy loan application and disbursal process. 

Education loans
The repayment process for education loans in India varies depending upon the policies of the lender. Pixabay

Student Loan Partial Payment

Some banks provide this facility where students can pay a part of their loan as a consolidated payment and remaining amount in the form of an EMI. Although the term can be fixed as per bank norms and your repayment capacity, it is essential to know each detail beforehand. EMI calculators are a free tool available online, which offers you to make various combinations for getting the desired monthly repayment amount. It gives you a decent idea of your required principal amount, loan tenure and interest rate for the same. 

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Prepayment

There are a few instances where students manage to secure a full amount for loan repayment before its tenure. The prepayment option is not available during the moratorium period. You can check in with your bank from where you have taken the loan to know more about the prepayment option and how you can utilize it.

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Loan Extension

Based on affordability, you can also choose to extend the loan tenure to lessen the monthly instalments. Calculate it online on an EMI calculator to have an idea before you take the case forward with your bank. Note here that if you increase the EMI amount, loan tenure will grow, thereby increasing the overall principal amount. 

Therefore, it is advisable to clear the due loan amount on time to avoid overpaying.

[ Disclaimer: The pictures used in the article are supplied by the author, NewsGram has no intention of infringing copyrights. ]

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PhonePe Restored to Normalcy After Service Outage

PhonePe transactions back to normal after Yes Bank fiasco

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PhonePe Yes Bank
As the Yes Bank fiasco hit UPI-based transactions last week, PhonePe employees had to work for 36 hours due to service outage. IANS

As the Yes Bank fiasco hit UPI-based transactions last week, PhonePe that was solely using Yes Bank’s services worked overnight with the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and ICICI bank to ensure all its services were up and running within a day.

PhonePe, with close to 20 crore users, saw an extended service outage, which started immediately after the RBI moratorium on Yes Bank on March 5, lasting for nearly 24 hours. The company worked with the NPCI and ICICI bank, its new UPI partner.

All merchant payment settlements were restored by Friday noon and all consumer wallet, credit and debit card payments were restored by 3 pm, the company said in a statement. All UPI services were restored by Friday night, with PhonePe users continuing to use their UPI @ybl handles.

“Friday was an extraordinarily difficult situation with little precedence. We are grateful to the RBI, NPCI, Yes Bank, and ICICI for working collectively to ensure that millions of our customers and merchants were not inconvenienced a minute longer than necessary,” said Sameer Nigam, Founder and CEO PhonePe.

PhonePe
PhonePe, with close to 20 crore users, saw an extended service outage, which started immediately after the RBI moratorium on Yes Bank on March 5. Wikimedia Commons

PhonePe employees had to work for 36 hours straight to achieve this. The platform processed transactions of over Rs 4,000 crore in 24 hours and saw its largest ever volume of user traffic in a single day (with over 70 million app sessions).

Several petrol pumps rejected most of the UPI-based transactions over the weekend, including Paytm, PhonePe, and GooglePay.

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Even BharatPe, which deploys QR codes at small merchant outlets, stopped functioning. Millions of users failed to make or receive payments because of curbs imposed on Yes Bank. (IANS)

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Here’s Some Light on Monetary Policy Under Transmission Mechanism

Improving the "transmission mechanism" for capital flow is dependent on a variety of factors but significantly dependent on building investor trust

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Transmission Mechanism
What promotes an efficient Transmission Mechanism of capital is not rocket science but essential. The primary factors are high contract enforcement, low bureaucracy and efficient courts of law. Pixabay

BY TAPONEEL MUKHERJEE

The Reserve Bank of India decided to hold repo rates unchanged in its meeting on December 5, 2019. In this context, apart from the outlook on inflation, the crucial area of focus should be the “transmission mechanism” of the rate cuts already delivered in 2019. In common parlance, “transmission mechanism” can be interpreted as the chain effect of rate cuts being passed on to the inter-related and inter-linked sectors in the overall ecosystem, to both lower the cost of credit and increase the availability of credit. Primarily, raise the money supply. The concept of an effective “transmission mechanism” is vital for India, both within the context of monetary policy and in the broader contexts of investments, capital flow and effective policymaking. The transmission of monetary policy, capital flows and

information must be all improved.

Within the context of monetary policy, the transmission mechanism is vital to ensure that the cost of credit is being lowered even as more substantial quantities of credit become available. It is a no brainer, that as resources for purveying credit rises with the banks so does the availability of credit for consumers. From the perspective of resolving some of the impediments that the economy is currently facing, it is critical that the low rates are passed on through a lower cost of credit and more credit availability and that the cost of credit itself is lowered across the term structure of interest rates.

An increase in short-term liquidity at the short end of the interest rate curve will eventually translate into lower longer-term yields for all. While short-dated credit availability is of prime importance, a sustainable drop in credit costs in longer tenures will significantly help in providing impetus to the investment cycle. Basically, as the cost of credit drops for longer borrowing periods, potential investment projects become increasingly attractive, given that the cost of financing the projects declines relative to the potential investment return. This increasing attractiveness of projects relative to the cost of capital will be a prime mover in getting the private investment cycle to get going in full flow.

Transmission Mechanism
The Reserve Bank of India decided to hold repo rates unchanged in its meeting on December 5, 2019. In this context, apart from the outlook on inflation, the crucial area of focus should be the “Transmission Mechanism” of the rate cuts already delivered in 2019. Wikimedia Commons

As mentioned above, the “transmission mechanism” must not be limited to just monetary policy but must focus on the concept of capital flows.

Given the constant talk about how crucial private capital is to finance Indian infrastructure and the need global capital has for returns in a low-yield world, the essential point is that the “transmission mechanism” that allows global capital to flow truly and easily needs to be continuously improved.

Improving the “transmission mechanism” for capital flow is dependent on a variety of factors but significantly dependent on building investor trust through efficient capital flow templates. Mainly, expedited and precise project execution will be vital for India to create an effective transmission mechanism to generate significant capital flow.

In this regard, it is important to note that the efficient capital flow framework is as vital for international capital as it is for domestic capital. In fact, without domestic capital from both households and the private sector finding its way to finance the future businesses and infrastructure, international capital will be harder to come by. Effective transmission mechanisms are required for creating capital flow that can genuinely bridge the investment gap in India.

The answer to what promotes an efficient transmission mechanism of capital is not rocket science but essential. The primary factors are high contract enforcement, low bureaucracy and efficient courts of law. While the importance of these factors is well known, the governments both at the centre and the states must work together to deliver on the efficient transmission mechanisms required for efficient capital flow.

Transmission Mechanism
Within the context of monetary policy, the Transmission Mechanism is vital to ensure that the cost of credit is being lowered even as more substantial quantities of credit become available. Pixabay

Beyond the financial implications and factors around transmission, effective transmission of both monetary policy and capital hinges upon trust that contracts will be honoured as per the law and speedy resolution of issues around contract enforcement will be provided for. For India to push ahead towards generating capital for both an investment and consumption upswing in the economy, and for continuously improving “transmission mechanisms” in the economy, a focus on the right policy in respect of “transmission mechanisms” is the need of the hour.

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Additionally, ensuring that the policies that are implemented can create positive ripple effects in the economy is of equal importance. Transmitting the policy changes as far as possible within the value chain will be the real game-changer.

(The views expressed in this article are personal and that of the author. The author heads Development Tracks, an infrastructure advisory firm) (IANS)