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Kairana : A UP town remembered for all the wrong reasons

Kairana is often in the news for the communal riots that take place in the town. However, we are on the verge of forgetting that it is the birth place of one of the greatest gharanas of Indian classical music.

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Ustad Majid Khan, Ustad Abdul Karin Khan and Ustad Abdul Haqq Khan. Image Courtesy : thewire.in
  •  Kairana is a small town, located in the Shamli district of western part of Uttar Pradesh
  • Shamli district is part of Muzaffarnagar, which was the seat of communal riots, in the recent past
  • These days, it is the tales of so-called religious violence that keeps Kairana in the news

It has always been the birth place of one of the most popular and culturally enriched gharanas of classical music of India.

Kairana, the small town of Uttar Pradesh has been in the news for the apparently nonviable conditions it possesses for its Hindu residents. The Vishwa Hindu Parishad has strengthened its claim by saying that the Hindus live in deplorable state over there and almost have to flee from there to shield themselves from the torture that the Muslims inflict upon them. Journalists who have visited Kairana have found these accusations to be untrue and have failed to get hold of proofs that may give legitimacy to the claims of the VHP.

Bhimsen Joshi with others. Image Courtesy : Wikimedia Commons
Bhimsen Joshi with others. Image Courtesy : Wikimedia Commons

What has almost ebbed away from our memory is that Kairana used to be the seat of one of the most prominent gharanas of Indian classical music. It has given birth to stalwarts of classical music like Bhimsen Joshi, who is the only recipient of Bharat Ratna in the category of male vocalist. Joshi was the composer of the renowned song “Rag Miya Ki Malhar”, an indelible piece of musical genius.

Ustad Karim Khan. Image Courtesy : Wikimedia Commons
Ustad Karim Khan. Image Courtesy : Wikimedia Commons

Ustad Abdul Karim Khan, the revolutionary of the Kairana Gharana of Indian classical music, was employed by the Gaekwards in their court for his unparalleled musical brilliance. Bhimsen Joshi had stated that the reason he pursued Indian classical music was the Ustad himself. His children, Hirabai Barodekar, Sureshbabu Mane and Saraswati Rane were eminent musicians of Kairana Gharana, after him.  Even after the independence of India, Karim Khan and his Kairana gharana’s legacy carried on and spread through India. Kairana gharana came to be known as the perfect amalgamation of the music of the north and the south.

It is said that Ustad Abdul Karim Khan spent his last days in Miraj, Maharashtra. Every year, the place erupts in musical celebrations to remember the maestro. It serves as a grand attraction to the biggest names in classical music today.

The Hindu Exodus issue of Kariana. Image Courtesy : theindianexpress.com
The Hindu Exodus issue of Kariana. Image Courtesy : theindianexpress.com

Kairana, thus, had been a place where music had kept the Hindus and the Muslims united from the very beginning. The elders of the town say that there was friendly relations between both the communities in Kairana. Nobody was aware of their religious identity, they were more acclimatised with their caste identities.  But now things have changed, now, people have been made aware of their religious identities which have led to a lot of bad blood between the Hindus and the Muslims of the region.

It is a shame, indeed.

-This report is prepared by a staff-writer at NewsGram.

ALSO READ:

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Ustad Karim Khan is indeed one of the best musicians and surprising to know that he comes from Kairana!

  • shridhar nagansur

    Bhimsen Joshi was born and brought up in Karnataka ,please check your sources before posting in article!

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Make in India Most Beneficial For Mobile Manufacturers

How mobile manufacturing made the most of 'Make in India'

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Mobile manufacturers
India is today the second-largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world after China. Pixabay

From just two mobile phone manufacturing units in 2014 to 268 mobile handset and accessories manufacturing units in 2019 which has led to 95 per cent of mobile phones sold in the country being produced domestically, the star in India’s “Make in India” story is indeed shining.

In fact, India is today the second-largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world after China. “India has achieved tremendous success in mobile phone and component manufacturing in the last four years with more than 95 per cent of domestic consumption now being produced in India,” Pankaj Mohindroo, Chairman, India Cellular and Electronics Association (ICEA), told IANS.

“Our domestic market viz-a-viz domestic manufacturing is saturated and we have set our sights on a target of Rs 7.7 lakh crore of exports by 2025,” he added. According to a survey conducted by mobile industry body ICEA, the 268 mobile handset and accessories manufacturing units employ about 6.7 lakh people.

Mobile manufacturer
In India, 268 mobile handset and accessories manufacturing units employ about 6.7 lakh people. Pixabay

So today the phones that most Indians hold in their hands are made in India, thanks mainly to schemes such as Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) to provide financial incentives across the ESDM value chain to compensate for cost disability in manufacturing and Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC).

Launched in 2012, the M-SIPS, provides capital subsidy of 25 per cent for electronics industry located in non-SEZ (Special Economic Zone) areas and 20 per cent for those in SEZ areas.

The Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) scheme, which was also launched in 2012, encouraged entities, including state governments, to provide good quality infrastructure within a cluster.

mobile manufacturer
Uttar Pradesh has emerged as the new hub of mobile manufacturing in the country over the past few years. Pixabay

Under the scheme, 50 per cent of the project cost for Greenfield Electronics Manufacturing Clusters and 75 per cent for Brownfield Electronics Manufacturing Clusters is given as grant. Due to the focus on “Make in India” and “Digital India” programmes, Uttar Pradesh has emerged as the new hub of mobile manufacturing in the country over the past few years.

In July 2018, Samsung launched the world’s largest mobile factory in Noida. The new facility was set up with the aim of doubling its capacity for mobile phones in Noida from 68 million units a year to 120 million units a year, in a phase-wise expansion to be completed by 2020.

Besides Samsung, most Chinese smartphone makers which now dominate the Indian market – Xiaomi, Oppo and Vivo — also produce their phones in the country. Apple has already started the assembling of iPhone 7 at its supplier Wistron’s facility in Bengaluru. Production of cellular mobile handsets in volume terms reached 225 million units in 2017-18, as compared to production of 60 million units in 2014-15.

Also Read: Why PM Modi Acted Now on Kashmir?

The National Policy on Electronics 2019 has set the aim of promoting domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value-chain of ESDM (Electronics System Design and Manufacturing) for economic development to achieve a turnover of Rs 26 lakh crore by 2025. This will include targeted production of one billion mobile handsets by 2025, valued at Rs 13 lakh crore, including 600 million mobile handsets valued at Rs 7 lakh crore for export.

India currently has over 450 million smartphone users. The number of smartphone users in the country is expected to reach 859 million by 2022, according to an ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study. (IANS)