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Kerala set to achieve zero population growth in coming years: Survey

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Image: RoughGuides
Image: RoughGuides
Image: RoughGuides

By Newsgram Staff Writer

Kerala is all set to achieve “zero population growth” in the coming years, with the state registering lowest growth rate of population in the last one decade.

According to the latest Economic Review by the State Planning Board, in the last 10 years the growth rate of state population is 4.9 per cent, while the national rate of growth of population is 17.6 per cent. Kerala records the lowest growth rate among the Indian states.

The Review for the year 2014 placed in the just concluded Assembly session, said, “The population growth trend shows that Kerala is moving towards zero population growth or towards negative growth.”

The state population as on March 2011 was 3,34,06,061, which was 3,18,41,374 in 2001, quoted the final data published by the Directorate of Census. Of the total state population, 1,60,27,412 (48 per cent) are males and 1,73,78,649 (52 per cent) are females, it said.

Six southern districts – Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram – have very low growth rate.

The southern districts in Kerala show two per cent decline except Kollam, while the northern districts show one per cent decline except Wayanad which has a decline of two per cent.

 

However, the state’s density of population is much higher than that of the country. As per the figures of 2011 Census, the density of population in the state is 860 persons per square kilometre which is 382 at the national level.

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Population of Sri Lanka Likely to Reach 25mn by 2042

In addition, he remarked that inward migration would also significantly increase as Sri Lanka was seeing the construction of some mega development projects such as Colombo Port City which would attract large crowds

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Sri Lanka to convert garbage dumps into urban parks
This is a Sri Lankan flag. Sri Lanka to convert garbage dumps into urban parks. wikimedia commons

Sri Lanka’s 21 million population is likely to increase to 25 million by 2042, driven by a significant rise in fertility rates and anticipated inward migration, the media reported on Monday.

W. Indralal De Silva, leading demographer and University of Colombo emeritus professor of demography, said that the country’s population was projected to increase to 25 million by 2042 and will reach 26 million by the 2060’s mainly due to a significant upturn in the fertility rates, Xinhua news agency reported.

Sri Lanka will thus have to face higher demand for housing, health, food, education, energy, water, transportation and infrastructure in the near future, De Silva said.

Buddhist monks walk down a road asking for alms during the annual Vesak festival, in Colombo, Sri Lanka, May 11, 2017. VOA

“Along with the fertility increase, child population will increase from 5.1 million in 2012 to 5.3 million by 2017, and for the subsequent 10 to 20 years it would remain fairly static,” he said.

De Silva also said the increase in younger population would generate pressure on the government and the labour force.

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In addition, he remarked that inward migration would also significantly increase as Sri Lanka was seeing the construction of some mega development projects such as Colombo Port City which would attract large crowds. (IANS)