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Statue Of Liberty, New York, USA. Pixabay

By- Khushi Bisht

New York, also known as the ‘Big Apple’ or the ‘City That Never Sleeps,’ is one of the busiest cities in the world. New York City has had many names and leaders since it was first colonized by the Dutch, followed by the British, and finally, attained its independence alongside the rest of the United States. In this post, we will look at the past of this bustling metropolis and how it came to be known as “New York.”

History dates back to the seventeenth century. In order to establish a Dutch Colony, the Dutch West India Company in 1624 bought Manhattan island from the Lenape Indian Tribe. The Lenape are a community of Native Americans who lived in the area that now encompasses New York City. The region was given the name “Lenapehoking” by these indigenous people.

The Van Bergen farm, 1733, near Albany, New York, distinctively Dutch. Wikimedia Commons

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The land was also known as “New Angouleme,” a name given to it by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano in honor of France’s first king, Francis I. Soon after, the Dutch established a colony and a trade settlement on the southern end of Manhattan Island naming the region “New Amsterdam,” in honor of their homeland’s capital.

The Dutch established the “New Amsterdam” in 1625 and expanded the colony from the southern end of Manhattan to what is now known as Wall Street (Dutch: de Waalstraat). The name of the street comes from a huge wall built by the Dutch colonists to keep the Native tribes out of the region. The wall also shut out the British, who competed with the Dutch in trading and settlement of the US.

Depiction of the wall of New Amsterdam on a tile in the Wall Street subway station. Wikimedia Commons

The turning point came in 1664 when four British combatant ships carrying large numbers of troops arrived in New Amsterdam’s port and ordered the Dutch to surrender the territory. New Amsterdam, on the other hand, was captured by the British. Following that the Dutch director-general Peter Stuyvesant retreated without violence.

The English took possession of New Amsterdam, and both the English and Dutch colonists coexisted happily. The British renamed the city of New Amsterdam to “New York” for the glorification of the Duke Of York. And from here, New York City, the most famous city in the world was born.

New Amsterdam in 1664. Wikimedia Commons

However, the Dutch reclaimed possession of the colony in 1673 putting an end to the British rule for a brief while, but under the Treaty of Westminster a year later, it was officially surrendered to the British.

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In 1783, a treaty was signed between the United States and Great Britain, officially ending the American Revolutionary War and recognizing the United States’ independence from the British crown. As a result, New York became the first capital city of the U.S, and in 1987 it was recognized as the 11th state of the nation.

The multicultural past of New York is intertwined. The city’s Dutch roots can still be seen there. The names of New York City’s five most popular boroughs The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island, represent this combination of Dutch and English settlement.


Wikimedia Commons

Holige, ready to serve

During the festive season, kitchens are filled with people trying to find a space for them to work, while they contribute to the eventual feast. In India, festivals are one of the most important things that bind families and friends together over food. Diwali is of those festivals that apart from being known for the colors and lights, is known and remembered by the elaborate dishes that each family doles out.

In Karnataka, parts of Gujarat and Maharashtra, and South India in general, making obbattu/ holige/ puran poli is a festive ritual. Known as Holige, more popularly in Kannada, this dish is eaten as a dessert because of its sweetness but can be eaten as a meal in itself because of its nutritious value.

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Photo by Wikimedia Common

Kerala Kalamandalam admits girl students after 90 years

Kerala Kalamandalam that teaches the globally recognized art form of Kerala -- Kathakali, has for the first time in its history of 90 years, admitted girl students.

In class VII of Kalamadalam, out of 10 students admitted, 9 are girl students for its Kathakali course. Kathakali is a highly masculine art form with even the female characters being portrayed by men. The attempt is being welcomed across the world.

However several women had started practicing Kathakali in 1970 and 1990 and K.K. Gopalakrishnan, renowned art critic of Kerala in his research book, 'Kathakali Dance - Theatre', said that some women from foreign countries had trained for some short-term courses in Kerala on Kathakali.

Most of these performing women artists were either trained privately by Kathakali masters but this is the first time that Kalamandalam is taking in girl students for its long-term programme.

T.K. Narayanan, Vice-Chancellor, Kerala Kalamandalam told media persons that giving admission to girl students in Kalamadalam was a demand for several quarters since long and that this academic year the governing body has decided to give admission to girl students in a full-time programme at Kalamandalam.

Training at Kalamandalam from school days would expose the students to the teaching and guidance of experts and a diverse pool of teachers of the institute who have huge exposure and deep knowledge of the subject. (IANS/JB)

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Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said the Delhi government would arrange free-of-cost travel for senior citizens from Delhi to Ayodhya.

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Tuesday said the Delhi government would arrange free-of-cost travel for senior citizens from Delhi to Ayodhya.

"I want every Indian should be fortunate enough to have a 'darshan' (visit) of Ram Lalla. I am a small man but Lord Ram has given me enough and I will use my position to help people to come for darshan here," Kejriwal added after offering prayers at the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya on Tuesday.

Speaking to the media, he said, "I pray to Lord Ram to help India move ahead in the world and bring prosperity for 130 crore people."

Kejriwal, who visited the Hanuman Garhi temple, said he was fortunate enough to be in Ayodhya and seek blessings from Lord Ram for the welfare of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and the rest of the country.

The Delhi Chief Minister had arrived at the temple town on Monday and attended the 'Sarayu aarti' where he interacted with saints and seers. (IANS/JB)

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