Tuesday October 16, 2018
Home Indian Diaspora Knowing India...

Knowing Indian traditional theatre: Ramleela

0
//
1175
Republish
Reprint

Ramleela is one of the most widely performed traditional art forms of north India. It is celebrated with much zeal and fervour in Uttar Pradesh and adjoining areas like Delhi, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and some other states as well. For Delhi, it is one of the biggest attractions and gains lot of media attention with televised Ramleela on the final day of Dussehra celebrations.

As literal in its name, it depicts the ‘leelas’ of Ram, which means a portrayal of Lord Ram’s life. The story is known to almost all of us as it is not only religious but also a part of India’s culture. The story is derived from Tulsidas’ Ram Charit Manas as well as Valmiki’s Ramayan.

The main language of Ramleela in the north India is Hindi and some of its variations as it travels to different states like Madhya Pardesh, Rajsthan, Bihar and Haryana.

In Indian traditional art forms, dance and music are very integral parts, however, with Ramleela, in its classic form, the dance is not so much prevalent. Music, although, is an integral part of it and is deeply attached to every scene whether as background score or part of the poetic recitation, songs or dohas.

The musical instruments used during the performance are the commonly used instruments from classical music that includes dholak, harmonium, flute and jhaal. Nowadays, electronic equipments are also used. Sound effects are generally produced with the help of computers.

The modern times haven’t had much effect on the makeup and costumes. Traditional and bright costumes are used as per characters’ requirements. There are no special things used in costumes. Makeup is minimalistic and natural. However, for larger productions, the makeup does become extensive to bring realism of portrayal.

It is generally performed in open space on a large platform during Dussehra. The village productions opt for small wooden stages made of planks and bamboos. It is not sophisticated at all. But, with bigger productions, like in Delhi’s Ramleela Maidan, the stage is quite large and robust as it gives a bigger area to the performers during war scenes.

Ramleela starts with invocation to the God. It is performed for a period of ten days. The performance takes place after sunset and goes on till the day’s events have been played out. The ten days have different parts of Ram’s story as it starts with Ram’s childhood and culminates in the killing of Ravana. Every single day has one major attraction to keep audience entertained.

image
Ravan Dahan in progress as a part of Ramleela finale

On Dussehra, the final day, the actors who are playing the parts of Ram and Lakshman use bow and arrow to shoot the giant Ravana (and several other demons) installations, often filled with fire crackers inside, that bursts out. It reminds the audience of the victory of good over evil as the huge Ravana falls burning to the ground.

Relevance

Apart from the villages, it is seen losing its significance as the quality is dying down with less people interested in watching the lazy performances without any heart in it. It is a routine in places like Delhi where smaller residential societies have Ramleela committees which delivers pathetic performances.

It has hit such a low that the Ramleela has to borrow vulgar songs from Hindi films as well as local music albums on which the artists dance.

This makes the epic Ramayana just a trivial comedy show where the artists are ridiculed with their own performances.

But all is not lost. Ramleela still survives as an art form all around the world. Productions which have money to support themselves, who have sponsors and pay their artists good, have kept the art alive. They keep the audience in thrall when they perform the known story with conviction that brings catharsis and makes people believe the performances.

Ramleela is just not an art form, it is story of Ram, the greatest king in Hindu mythology who was ideal, just and righteous. He is known as Maryada Purushottam which literally mean ‘the Ideal Man.’ We can learn a lot from his life and the way he dealt with various situations in his life.

From India, Ramleela has travelled across the world with Indian migrants.

It is performed in nations which have Muslim majority, like Indonesia; Buddhist majority, like Thailand; Christian majority, Trinidad as well as Americas and Europe.

Indian diaspora feels connected to their roots with these mythological dramas which have been performed since the time our memory can look back.

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2015 NewsGram

Next Story

How To Plan Your Finances Better, This Dussehra

With these 3 tips, you can conquer and rid yourself of financial demons holding you back this Dussehra

0
Financial Plans
So, read, research, understand, and then invest to reap substantial returns.

At some point of time in life, you may have created a budget, followed or earmarked investments and tried to take control of your finances. Often, even the most stringent of financial plans, fall flat because of several reasons, such as:

  • Lack of prioritizing financial security
  • Overwhelming amounts of advice
  • Unforeseen circumstances and sudden expenses

In order to streamline your finances, it is important to delve deep and understand what financial mistakes hold you back.

This Dussehra, take a look at the financial shortfalls you need to overcome, and pledge to walk the righteous path. Here’s a brief lowdown on the same.

Bid Adieu To Procrastination
Just sitting and thinking of ways to execute a financial plan is not enough. You need to stop day dreaming in order to act when the time is ripe. Experts believe that in order to reap great returns from the market you need to keep an eye on your investments and keep rebalancing and diversifying your portfolio.

Volatile markets, for instance, are a signal that you need to increase your investments in safe options like FD, commodities, gold, and real estate. On the other hand, you can invest for short-term gains in assets like shares when the market is highly bullish. The trick is to be aware and informed so that you can take the right action at the right time.

Overcome Ignorance And Financial Fear


Ignorance or a bad experience are the main reasons why you may be afraid of doing anything other than storing your money in a savings account. Well, now is the time to conquer this fear. Financial planning starts from the moment you outline your goals and pick and choose assets for your portfolio to achieve them.

Detail out your financial goals and plans like retirement, a world tour with your family, your child’s marriage, and more. Then start putting in money in different instruments corresponding to each goal.

However, in order to decide what assets permit growth, you will have to read about them. The right research will help you gain more knowledge about the varied options, which in turn will ease the decision-making process for you. So, read, research, understand, and then invest to reap substantial returns.

finanancial plans
Choose high interest assured return investments

Lay The Bricks For Your Financial Wellbeing Today
Instead of waiting any further, start your financial journey right now. To begin with, include both short and long-term options in your portfolio. Introduce investments that guarantee earnings to boost your confidence and enjoy your gains.

Choose high interest assured return investments like recurring deposits, pension plans and fixed deposits on the one hand. On the other hand, you can pick riskier high return investments like shares.

Out of all these investments, FDs bring a lot on the table. So, you can choose to invest in varied cumulative and non-cumulative FDs from trusted issuers like Bajaj Finance. These FDs are lucrative in terms of the benefits and the interest rate they offer on your investment. Awarded ICRA’s MAAA (stable) rating and CRISIL’s FAAA/Stable rating, Bajaj Finance FDs are credible and assure you up to 8.85% interest on your investment. As you can start investing with a mere sum of Rs.25,000, you have no excuse not to begin.

Financial plans
In order to streamline your finances, it is important to delve deep and understand what financial mistakes hold you back. pixabay

Since applying online is easy and convenient, it’s time to get started now! Choose between a cumulative FD in case you want to enjoy the benefits of compounding or a non-cumulative FD to access the interest as a regular payout.

With these 3 tips, you can conquer and rid yourself of financial demons holding you back this Dussehra and celebrate your financial triumphs for years to come.