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Lalla Rookh- Marking the Indian Arrival in Suriname

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By Shubhi Mangla

On 5th June 1873, a ship named Lalla Rookh meaning Red Cheeks reached Paramaribo, the capital of Suriname and a history of Indian migration emerged in the small Dutch colony. A country popular for its sugarcane industry and high reserves of Alumina and Bauxite, is incomplete without its Indian diaspora who first arrived as indentured workers. The workers were basically contract labourers who had to work for 5 years and then they were supposed to be sent back as per the contract. When the contract ended, about one-third of the immigrants returned to India whereas approximately 23,000 of Indians stayed back when the government offered them settlement rights on state plantations and a bonus of 100 guilders. Since then, the people of Indian origin in Suriname have maintained their culture and structured themselves in the Surinamese society.

Related ArticleTracing the Indian Diaspora in Suriname

Lalla Rookh- The Ship

Lalla Rookh arrived in Paramaribo after a three-month voyage from Calcutta becoming the first ship to transport Indian emigrants from the Colonial India to the Dutch colony, Suriname. All the workers were collected at the main depot in Calcutta (Capital of Bengal) as the Dutch Government had appointed an emigration agent in Calcutta.

According to a research by Prof. Dr. Chan E.S Choenni, “Having left Calcutta port on 26 February 1873 with 410 indentured immigrants on board, it took the sailing ship Lalla Rookh over three months to cross the Kala Pani (black water). Finally, on 4 June 1873, she arrived in Suriname with 399 British Indians left, as 11 had died on the way. Due to health reasons, the immigrants did not disembark immediately, but one day later, on 5 June”. When the ship arrived, there were 279 men, 32 boys, 70 women and 18 girls under

Many Indians believed that the ship was built by India for the sole purpose of transporting them to Suriname but did not understand that at India was under British rule and couldn’t operate such vessels. The ship was instead owned by an Irishman and was built in Liverpool. After that trip to Suriname in 1873, the ship is known to be either renamed or sold.

Today a statue ‘Baba and Mai’ stands at the place where the ship arrived to commemorate the Indian Arrival day on 5th June every year.

Shubhi Mangla is an intern at Newsgram and a student of Journalism and Mass Communication in New Delhi. Twitter @ shubhi_mangla

 

 

 

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Ethnic Indian Jai Sears responds to complaint against the statue of Gandhi in Grenada

Jai Sears wrote in response to a letter on Mahatma Gandhi entitled “Dustbin of history” written by Josiah Rougier

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Gandhi
Mahatama Gandhi, leader of non violence

Jai Sears from Grenada, Caribbean has written a letter to editor in response to complaints against the statue of Gandhi in Grenada. Here is the text:

I write in response to a letter on Mahatma Gandhi entitled “Dustbin of history” written by Josiah Rougier and published in the Grenada newspaper, The New Today (Nov 3, 2017). In his letter, Rougier is asking the Government to remove the bust-statue of Gandhi which overlooks Sauteurs Bay in Grenada where East Indians arrived 160 years ago. Rougier’s opinion is based on the false notion that Gandhi was racist because the Mahatma reportedly considered Indians to be superior to black Africans when he referred to the latter as “kaffirs.”

Gandhi was only 27 years old when he made that contextual statement. If Rougier had done his research, he would have found that Nelson Mandela said: “Gandhi must be forgiven for these prejudices in the context of the time and the circumstances.” The quote can be found in “Gandhi the Prisoner” by Nelson Mandela published in 1995. Gandhi was a man; he was not god. And even god made mistakes.

In favour of Mahatama Gandhi
Photo of Jai Sears

Rougier must instead focus on the Gandhi’s vision of non-violent protest and his belief in satyagraha which inspired rebels and revolutionaries around the world. Gandhi’s ideas influenced leaders of the African National Congress and the struggle by Indians and blacks against white apartheid rule in South Africa. From as early as 1956 when he was 27 years old, Martin Luther King, Jr. referred to Gandhi as “the guiding light of our technique of nonviolent social change.”

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Following the success of his boycott, King contemplated traveling to India to deepen his understanding of Gandhian principles. The fact is that Gandhi saw people of all races, castes, colours and creeds as equal which led to his assassination by a Hindu fanatic in 1948. So who is this unknown Josiah Rougier? Is he as illustrious as the great Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King? And is he disagreeing with his possible heroes?

A friend to all.
Jai Sears
Grenada, Caribbean

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