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Language as a Medium of Communication, Culture, and Tool

It's a man-made gift to the human race which is helping till now to demonstrate and represent our self, our ideas, our ideology, our humanity, our service and commitment

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Language, credits- Pixabay
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– by L. Krishna Reddy 

February 12, 2017: Language is the human capacity of acquiring and using of complex systems of communication.

Language is a medium for interaction, exchanging ideas, understand feelings of others, and for the development of the human race existing on this planet.

The only medium or the basic element that comes in use for understanding it is the language that we speak makes us understand and allows us to live in peace and harmony by understanding the feelings and problems of others by exchange of talks on the desk of peace.

The language that a person speaks describes the character and his/her personality. It’s a medium through which a person delivers his or her ideas to the world. Learning a language is all about knowing how to communicate with a different section of people on the other side of the world.

Language plays an important role in the world of trade, international agendas and many other top official things.

Language also influences a person’s life not by its literature but by its people who speak the language. It’s we humans who give the language it’s real value.

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Let me share an incident when I was in Assam. I fell in love with its beauty of nature until I reached the place where I was going to stay. I saw weird insects, plants and reptiles and I started hating it. Then it was their language which I was new to. At first I didn’t understand it but then one of my friends made me learn the language a bit and soon I started to like it and then I started going down the streets chatting with locals. I had a great time as the people were appreciating my fluency and all through I mapped most of the places on my own with the help of the language I learnt.

From that time, I have an interest in exploring. It’s really interesting when a person explores places knowing just how to communicate in their language. For me learning languages has helped a lot, it has helped me in knowing and exploring new places unknown to me and ways of dealing in different places among markets and shops.

Languages has sub divisions of their own

  • Culture
  • Literature
  • People

These three things give the importance of a language.

Culture describes the community of people who have a set of stereotypes of living in a society of their own and a different language which is used for their communication.

Literature describes the beauty of the language in the fields of fiction, poetry and plays.

People make the language get its importance in a society of different class or of some new people. A person is like a Representative of his language in a society of unknown people.

Many scientific researches have been done in the field of language, tracing it to the past and trying to know the ideas and their implementations.

Scientific research in the field of language has led to the era of communication through technology and artificial intelligence. In the present generation there are many specific languages used for the operation of machines, for example, C language is used to design software for computers, binary language and codes are used in electronics etc.

Research has taken language from the exchange of words between humans to the words exchanged between humans and machines.

In the past, the trace of language was believed to be originated from a shower of cosmic ray happened during the time of very first existence of humans on earth. There has been a lot of myths and theories regarding the word language. Well it has been found that language existed before the humans and there are no other traces that can be found to find its actual origin.

Language describes the physical condition of human beings. As it has been explained through biological research, there are specific parts in the brain of humans specially for the language they speak or learn.

There is also a structure for language. According to modal language structures, language is based on two elements, sounds that human produce and gestures which means signs used in language. Meaning of a statement in a specific language exists through sound and gestures that a human uses while speaking. Sounds bring emotions and gestures which relates to grammar of the language builds the sense of brain into words.

Language is not only a set of words with a meaning it’s more than that. It’s a weapon or a tool that drives the screw inside the wall, a tool which fits the wheels and make the thing move.

It’s a man-made gift to the human race which is helping till now to demonstrate and represent our self, our ideas, our ideology, our humanity, our service and commitment.

Centre for Social Action (CSA) is the development wing of Christ University. Set up in 1999, it believes in strengthening student community with a view to enabling positive changes in the society.

 

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10 Indian Author’s Books Selected for JCB Prize for Literature

Of the 10 novels, the jury will shortlist five, which will be announced on October 3. The five shortlisted writers receive Rs 1 lakh each.

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10 novels of 'enormous diversity' vying for India's richest book prize.

Ten outstanding Indian novels in English along with translations from Indian languages by veterans as well as debut authors were longlisted on Wednesday for the Rs 25 lakh JCB Prize for Literature, with its literary director highlighting “enormous diversity” in the submissions.

The longlist features two novels in translation: “Poonachi or The Story of a Black Goat”, originally written in Tamil by Perumal Murugan and Malayalam novel “Jasmine Days” by Benny Daniel; two novels by debut women writers: “Latitudes of Longing” by Shubhangi Swarup and “Empire” by Devi Yesodharan; and two novels by authors previously nominated for the Man Booker Prize: “All The Lives We Never Lived” by Anuradha Roy and “The Book of Chocolate Saints” by Jeet Thayil.

They are joined by veteran writers Nayantara Sahgal and Kiran Nagarkar, whose “When The Moon Shines by Day” and “Jasoda” released to prominence and reflected the burden of society in 2017.

While the entry of Amitabha Bagchi’s “Half the Night is Gone” that explores the inner and outer lives of the men in two families, was almost expected, Chandrahas Choudhury’s “Clouds” was the surprise novel in the longlist.

Literature
Excerpt from Amitabha Bagchi’s “Above Average”

Entries for the inaugural edition of the prize, an initiative of the earthmoving and construction equipment company JCB India Ltd, came from writers in 19 states and 22 per cent of them were translations.

“The most striking thing about the entries we received is their enormous diversity. We had entries from 17 states and eight languages. The oldest author was nearly seven decades older than the youngest. There were books about ancient Indian history and mythology, books about ecological disasters, books about religious strife and the situation of women. All in all, it was a very exciting set of books, which represents the full set of possibilities of the novel,” Rana Dasgupta, Literary Director of the prize told IANS.

The British Indian novelist and essayist further noted that many of the translations were from Malayalam and Kannada. He said that it is no longer possible to “generalise” as novels in Indian languages are “as cosmopolitan as any other”.

“Writers in these languages set their novels in locations all across the world, and they have a great contemporaneity of form, character and language. In future years, translated fiction will make up a much greater share of entries to the Prize,” Dasgupta maintained.

Scholar Rohan Murthy, writers Priyamvada Natarajan and Vivek Shanbhag, and author-translator Arshia Sattar comprise the jury with film director Deepa Mehta chairing the panel.

Literature
Rana Dasgupta, is himself a celebrated author. Flickr

Of the 10 novels, the jury will shortlist five, which will be announced on October 3. The five shortlisted writers receive Rs 1 lakh each.

The final award will be presented to the writer of the winning novel on October 27. If the winning work is a translation, the translator will be awarded an additional Rs 5 lakh.

The winning novelist will be awarded Rs 25 lakh, the highest for a prize of its kind in India.

Ten outstanding Indian novels in English along with translations from Indian languages by veterans as well as debut authors were longlisted on Wednesday for the Rs 25 lakh JCB Prize for Literature, with its literary director highlighting “enormous diversity” in the submissions.

The longlist features two novels in translation: “Poonachi or The Story of a Black Goat”, originally written in Tamil by Perumal Murugan and Malayalam novel “Jasmine Days” by Benny Daniel; two novels by debut women writers: “Latitudes of Longing” by Shubhangi Swarup and “Empire” by Devi Yesodharan; and two novels by authors previously nominated for the Man Booker Prize: “All The Lives We Never Lived” by Anuradha Roy and “The Book of Chocolate Saints” by Jeet Thayil.

They are joined by veteran writers Nayantara Sahgal and Kiran Nagarkar, whose “When The Moon Shines by Day” and “Jasoda” released to prominence and reflected the burden of society in 2017.

Literature
Anuradha Roys’s ‘All The Lives We Never Lived’. Goodreads

While the entry of Amitabha Bagchi’s “Half the Night is Gone” that explores the inner and outer lives of the men in two families, was almost expected, Chandrahas Choudhury’s “Clouds” was the surprise novel in the longlist.

Entries for the inaugural edition of the prize, an initiative of the earthmoving and construction equipment company JCB India Ltd, came from writers in 19 states and 22 per cent of them were translations.

“The most striking thing about the entries we received is their enormous diversity. We had entries from 17 states and eight languages. The oldest author was nearly seven decades older than the youngest. There were books about ancient Indian history and mythology, books about ecological disasters, books about religious strife and the situation of women. All in all, it was a very exciting set of books, which represents the full set of possibilities of the novel,” Rana Dasgupta, Literary Director of the prize told IANS.

The British Indian novelist and essayist further noted that many of the translations were from Malayalam and Kannada. He said that it is no longer possible to “generalise” as novels in Indian languages are “as cosmopolitan as any other”.

“Writers in these languages set their novels in locations all across the world, and they have a great contemporaneity of form, character and language. In future years, translated fiction will make up a much greater share of entries to the Prize,” Dasgupta maintained.

literature
The final award will be presented to the writer of the winning novel on October 27. If the winning work is a translation, the translator will be awarded an additional Rs 5 lakh. Pixabay

Scholar Rohan Murthy, writers Priyamvada Natarajan and Vivek Shanbhag, and author-translator Arshia Sattar comprise the jury with film director Deepa Mehta chairing the panel.

Also Read: India Provides Good Future for Books Than Other Parts of The World

Of the 10 novels, the jury will shortlist five, which will be announced on October 3. The five shortlisted writers receive Rs 1 lakh each.

The final award will be presented to the writer of the winning novel on October 27. If the winning work is a translation, the translator will be awarded an additional Rs 5 lakh.

The winning novelist will be awarded Rs 25 lakh, the highest for a prize of its kind in India. (IANS)