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The ancient Egyptians ground diamonds into jewellery using stones. VOA

By- Khushi Bisht

Archeologists recently unearthed a 3000-year-old Egyptian wonder known as the ‘Lost Golden City of Luxor,’ near the ‘Valley of Kings’, a burial site for the New Kingdom’s pharaohs and prominent nobles. It is the most significant discovery in nearly a century, since the discovery of King Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922.


This ancient ‘Lost Golden City’ is situated on Nile’s west bank, near the Colossi of Memnon, Medinet Habu, and King Ramses II’s memorial temple, which are all popular attractions. The city dates back to the reign of the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III (1386-1353 B.C.), who ruled over a period of immense prosperity, prestige, and comfort. Tutankhamun (last king of the ancient Egypt’s18th dynasty) and his successor Ay (the penultimate pharaoh of the ancient 18th dynasty) are said to have used the city during what is generally considered to be ancient Egypt’s golden period.


Colossal granite head of Amenhotep III, The British Museum, Egypt Egyptian Sculpture. Wikimedia Commons

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The discovery of the ‘Golden City’ was led by renowned archaeologist Dr. Zahi Hawass. He said the city discovered is regarded as ‘The Rise of Aten.’ This city’s name is derived from the Egyptian word ‘Aten,’ which means “Sun.” It is Egypt’s largest city ever discovered. This jewel was discovered submerged under sands in Luxor, alongside clay wine containers, colored pottery, jewelry, vessels, spinning and weaving equipment, and glass-making tools. The site has a vast collection of ovens and kilns used to make glass and faience, as well as the remains of dozens of sculptures.

Among other major discoveries, the team found a bakery, a big kitchen, a residential and operational area, and zig-zag fencing that acted as one security point. The team found mud-brick houses with 10-foot-high walls. The rooms were crammed with daily objects, most of which are related to the creative and industrial activity that fueled the pharaoh’s capital city. A container holding 10 kilograms of cooked or dried meat, as well as a gold-plated fish, were also discovered.


Among the discoveries are jars that once held meat, wine, and water for travelers. VOA

When King Amenhotep IV (later Akhenaten) rose to power and reversed direction, he abandoned, Thebes his father’s city, and seemingly all it held. This finding is significant because it may throw light to explain why King Amenhotep III’s son, King Amenhotep IV, and his royal wife Nefertiti deserted the golden city and relocated to Amarna during his rule. It also aims to resolve the question of whether King Tutankhamun flooded the golden city of ‘The Rise of Aten’ after it was deserted by his father and King Amenhotep IV.

Although further studies and observations are still to be made, the excavations at the ‘Lost Golden City’ have already piqued the interest of archaeologists due to intriguing and unexplained discoveries. These discoveries provide us with a fascinating insight into the lives of the Ancient Egyptians at a time when the kingdom was at its apex. Work is still ongoing, and the team hopes to find untouched tombs containing more artifacts.

ALSO READ: Discovery: A 3000-Year-Old ‘Lost Gold City’ From Egypt

Archaeologists claim that the ancient Egyptians were involved in decorative artifacts, jewelry, and pottery, among other products. The city was once the main trading and management settlement of the Pharaonic kingdom. Several foreign missions attempted to locate this city but were unsuccessful.

Egypt is now attempting to spread its ancient history in order to revitalize its tourist industry, which has suffered from decades of political turmoil and destruction caused by the coronavirus epidemic.


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The aim of the book is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

By Siddhi Jain

Delhi-based author Pritisha Borthakur is set to release her new book, 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories'. The 1,404-word children's book was put together to address a new kind of societal debacle in the family system. The author says the aim is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

The author who named the book after her twin sons -- Puhor and Niyor -- is a parent who has seen and heard the tales of ridicule and discrimination suffered by many in India and beyond. She says the book is an artistic illustration for kids that details how different families can live and coexist. Whether it's children with two dads or two moms, children with a single dad or single mom, and even multiracial family units, Borthakur's book teaches love, understanding, and compassion towards unconventional families.

Beyond race, gender, color, and ethnicity which have formed the bases for discrimination since the beginning of time, this book aims to bring to light a largely ignored issue. For so long, single parents have been treated like a taboo without any attempt to understand their situations; no one really cares how or why one's marriage ended but just wants to treat single parents as villains simply for choosing happiness and loving their children.

Homosexual parents, a relatively new family system, is another form that has suffered hate and discrimination for many years. Pritisha emphasizes the need to understand that diversity in people and family is what makes the world beautiful and colourful. 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race, and even differences in background

four children standing on dirt during daytime 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race and even differences in background. | Photo by Ben Wicks on Unsplash


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Clean and maintained hands boost confidence in daily life activities.

If you feel that clean and well-groomed hands are just an essential prerequisite for women, you might like to think twice. Men should equally pay attention to their hands because our hand houses 1,500 bacteria living on each square centimeter of its skin. You can easily assume what havoc it can create in our body because in India we have the culture of eating with our hands and spaces beneath nails can become breeding heaven for germs. Moreover, clean and maintained hands boost confidence in their daily life activities. Therefore, it's important to keep your hands clean irrespective of your gender by washing or sanitizing at regular intervals. And, to keep them groomed, you don't have to visit a salon.

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