Saturday December 7, 2019
Home Environment Marine Animal...

Marine Animals Can Help Humans Monitor Oceans: Study

A new study found that certain species of animals can help humans monitor oceans

0
//
Oceans
Animals such as sharks, penguins, turtles and other seagoing species could help humans monitor oceans. Pixabay

Sharks, penguins, turtles and other seagoing species could help humans monitor the oceans by transmitting oceanographic information from electronic tags, a new study suggests.

A team led by the University of Exeter in UK said animals carrying sensors can fill many of these gaps through natural behaviour such as diving under ice, swimming in shallow water or moving against currents.

“We want to highlight the massive potential of animal-borne sensors to teach us about the oceans,” said lead author David March from the University.

“This is already happening on a limited scale, but there’s scope for much more,” March said.

Thousands of marine animals are tagged for a variety of research and conservation purposes, but at present the information gathered isn’t widely used to track climate change and other shifts in the oceans.

Monitoring oceans
These species can monitor the ocean by transmitting oceanographic information from electronic tags. Pixabay

Instead, monitoring is mostly done by research vessels, underwater drones and thousands of floating sensors that drift with the currents. However, large areas of the ocean still remain under-sampled – leaving gaps in our knowledge.

By comparing this with gaps in current observations by drifting profiling sensors (known as Argo floats) the researchers identified poorly sampled areas where data from animal sensors would help fill gaps.

“We looked at 183 species – including tuna, sharks, rays, whales and flying seabirds – and the areas they are known to inhabit. We have processed more than 1.5 million measurements from floating sensors to identify poorly sampled areas (18.6% of the global ocean surface),” March added.

These include seas near the poles (above 60º latitude) and shallow and coastal areas where Argo profilers are at risk of hitting the land.

Animals in oceans
Data collected by marine animals could also enhance oceans monitoring in other remote and critical areas such as tropical regions. Pixabay

According to the researchers, the Caribbean and seas around Indonesia, as well as other semi-enclosed seas, are good examples of places where Argo profilers struggle because of these problems.

Tagged seals in the poles have already complemented ocean observing systems because they can reach areas under ice that are inaccessible to other instruments.

Also Read- Consumption of Coffee May Reduce MetS: Study

The study, published in the journal Global Change Biology, suggests data collected by turtles or sharks could also enhance ocean monitoring in other remote and critical areas such as tropical regions, with large influence on global climate variability and weather.

The researchers said their work is a call for further collaboration between ecologists and oceanographers. (IANS)

Next Story

Here’s how You Can Become Responsible Parents of Pets

Caring tips for senior pets

0
Pets
As pets grow old, pet parents need to become more responsible. Lifetime Stock

BY SIDDHI JAIN

Humans and animals go through certain complications when they grow older. However, unlike humans, pets might not be able to communicate their pain and aches in words; the responsibility falls to the pet parents.

“Some people associate the term pet with cute pups and active dogs who leap and jump at the sight of the owners. But managing a pet can be a little more complicated than the postcard picture. The pet is the best friend of the family, and they loyally serve them in their youth. When they grow older, it becomes the family’s responsibiity o take care of their needs,” says Rosie Paul, the founder and COO of global pet consulting WoofWoofNow.

Here are a few suggestions from her that might be helpful in taking care of senior pets.

The right food

Pets food
Your pets should be given the right food that is healthy. Lifetime Stock

Pets suffer from digestive and other disorders, as they grow older. They might not be able to digest and metabolise the food like before. It is vital to plan their meals accordingly so that they can get adequate nutrition and at the same time, avoid weight gain. This would include fibre, protein and reduce carbohydrates.

Regular check-ups

Senior age brings its array of aches and diseases. It is essential to visit the veterinarian regularly to check their condition. The doctors might prescribe certain medicines and make changes in their diet. Always remember that the problem might be internal, and it can be treated easily if diagnosed earlier. Do not wait for the symptoms to seek medical help.

Maintain proper hygiene

Hygiene is crucial for pet care. The dog’s teeth might get damaged over time. Maintaining proper dental hygiene would allow the owners to check for the damage and seek timely assistance.

Keep them active

Senior dogs might not be active like in their young days. However, it is vital to maintain a moderate exercise schedule for them. A lack of exercise might increase their lethargy and even cause weight gain. Parents can take them on short walks at regular intervals.

Pets health
To maintain the health of your pets, take them to regular health check-ups. Lifetime Stock

Monitor their behaviour

Attention is a critical aspect of care for older dogs. Owners can track their behaviour and even journal it to check for any abnormal behaviour. These might be an indication of their pain or discomfort. It is essential to seek medical help if they note any consistent changes in their appetite or behaviour.

Also Read- Try These Looks Inspired by Bollywood Divas

Every pet is unique, and they have their ageing pattern. Sometimes, time passes by before the parents realise it. It is essential to check with the veterinarian regarding this information and keep track of their growth. The right care right from an early stage can slow down the ageing process. It is vital to pet-proof the house to assist the animals in moving with ease. (IANS)