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Mayan, Sumerian, and Mexican: The Untold Link and Similarities to Ancient India

Elephant bar on the temples of Yucatan city holds a strong resemblance to the Hindu text of Ramayana, the elephant, and deeds of King Rama of Ayodhya

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Ancient India, one of the world’s earliest urban civilisation has crossed several centuries. It had a long-lived civilisation. Many shreds of evidence have been found that culture of Ancient India has similarities with Sumerian, Mexican, and Mayan culture.

Similarities: Indian Sumerian-

Evidence has been found that there was a social interaction between the Indus valley and Sumeria. Indian teak was found in the ruins of Ur(Mugheir), which was the capital of the Sumerian kings in the IV millennium B.B. and the other is that the word Sindhu or muslin is mentioned in an ancient Babylonian list of clothing.

The occurrence of ‘s’ in the word proves that this muslin did not go to Mesopotamia via Persia, for then ‘s’ would have become ‘h’ in Persian months, as the name of this country, derived from the river Sind. Therefore, muslin went directly by sea from the Tamil Coast to the Persian Coast and the Babylonian word Sindhu is not derived from the name of the river but from the old Dravidian word, ‘sindi’, which is still found in Tulu and Canarese, and means ‘a piece of cloth’ and represented by the Tamil word ”sindu”, a flag.

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Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro
Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, Wikimedia Commons

Harappa was known as Meluha to the Akkadians. Like the evolution of state-building in Mesopotamia, its focus was land- based, but it also engaged in significant sea-going trade with Gulf. The Sargon I text refers to Meluhha boats as being large cargo vessels.

Similarities: Ancient India and Mexico-

Mexican art and architecture display a combination of cultural and social themes, such as the ancient Indian civilisations. Mexican indigenous art before the invasion of Spanish people achieved a remarkable level of development and sophistication. Created by Indian with virtually no outside influence.

Most Mexican indigenous art before the arrival of the Spanish was inspired by religion. The gods of the indigenous Indians dominated every facet of Indian life, and many Indian works of art were created as offerings to the gods. The Olmecs, who developed the first civilised culture in Mexico between 1300 and 400 B.C., were also the country’s finest artists. They made jewellery and ceramics but are best known for their stone carvings. Huge shapes of human heads, discovered mostly in the state of Veracruz, are the earliest portraits that remain of these ancient people. These heads are believed to have the honour of the Olmec rulers.

SSA41434.JPG
Teotihuacan, Wikimedia Commons

The Olmecs pyramids began as a mound of earth covered with rough stones. The pyramids served several functions. They were temples where priests could pray and perform rituals for the gods . They were also symbolic mountains meant to bring people closer to Heaven.
Teotihuacan, located to the northeast of Mexico City, is another fine example of an ancient Indian city, with extraordinary pyramids, temples, and roads made for the kings, mentioned a book by Gene D. Matlock

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Similarities: Mayan dynasty and Ancient India-

Chichen Itza 3.jpg
Chichen Itza, Wikimedia Commons

Elephants are featured in Mayan sculptures, although the mammoth supposedly was extinct during the time of the Mayan civilisation. One of the oldest artistic works found dates back to 30,000 B.C., done on an elephant bone. In March 1952, Mexican pre-historians Maldonado Koerdell and Lis Aveleyra found at Ixtapan a complete skeleton of an elephant with the stone artefacts, including two spearheads between the ribs of an elephant and nearby, the remnants of ‘Tepexpan Man’. the radiocarbon date was determined to be at about 10,000 B.C. , Indian myths and legends tell about an animal similar to the mammoth.

In Indian life, we find tales about monsters and heroes that effectively describe an animal very similar to the mammoth. Elephants are very common in India and played an important role as the elephant gods, Ganesha, in the Hindu religion. Artefacts featuring elephants in a seated position posed as tough praying have been uncovered as stone pipes in mounds in North America, elephant bar on temples in the Yucatan, Mexico and in Copan, Honduras. This elephant bar holds a strong resemblance to the Hindu text of Ramayana, the elephant, and deeds of King Rama of Ayodhya are featured in the creation myth. Architectural stone carvings in Hindu temples of India and the extensive Mayan temple ruins of Chichen Itza in the northeastern Yucatan state of Mexico have similar stone carvings.

– prepared by Akanksha Sharma of NewsGram. Twitter: Akanksha4117

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List of UPA Schemes Renamed by Modi Government

The above comparison shows that BJP is not only trying to steal the credit of previously launched schemes by Congress party by just repackaging them as new schemes

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India, elections, vietnam, BJP
Modi's LPG scheme reduced household air pollution: Study, VOA

A lot of BJP supporters claim that government led by Narendra Modi has launched several schemes for the development of nation in the last four years. What they failed to acknowledge that Narendra Modi has done nothing else than repackaging and renaming the previous schemes started by Congress and took their credit to his name. Shocked, aren’t you? In the last four years, Modi government has failed to develop any original ideas. So in order to appear like the government is working, they have renamed various successfully running schemes started by Congress party to fool people of the nation into believing that BJP has launched numerous schemes in the country. If you find this fact hard to believe, here is the list of s Modi government schemes that are nothing but altered name previously running schemes in the nation:

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

Originally Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account (BSDBA)

The (BSBDA) scheme was launched in August 2012 according to RBI which provided facility of no minimum balance required to maintain the bank account and avail all the banking services. The number of withdrawals were however limited to 4 per month. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is nothing else than a wrap up on BSDAB scheme adding Rs 1 lakh of accident insurance, overdraft facility up to Rs 5,000 and a life insurance of Rs 30,000 to previous BSDAB accounts.

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana (BBBPY)

Originally National Girl Child Day programmes

BJP
The government has initiated a lot of programmes to bring about a change in the attitude of people and stop these kinds of social evils. Wikimedia Commons

According to a report of Centre for Development and Human Rights presented in 2016, the girl child education programme listed under the BBBPY scheme is nothing but the repackaging of older Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan started by Congress.

The act of similar repackaging of scheme can be found in BBBPY’s programme to improve child sex ratio and reduce the dropout rates of school girls. These programmes were already available under Congress party’s Dhanalakshmi and Sabla schemes.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Originally Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan

One of the major Modi government schemes, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched in September 2014 is nothing but restructured result of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan scheme which was started by Congress in April 2012.

Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was also a renamed scheme by Congress party which was originally introduced as Central Rural Sanitation Programme by Congress in 1986.

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana

Originally Indira Awaas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana, BJP
‘Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana ‘ is an initiative by Government of India in which affordable housing will be provided to the urban poor.

According to a parliamentary standing committee report, it is found that the most anticipated Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojna by Narendra Modi nothing by rechristened format of Indira Awaas Yojana. The funny fact about the renaming of this scheme is that several web pages of Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana still open as Indira Awaas Yojana documents.

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana

Originally Rajiv Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana

According to an information release by government on 23rd July 2015, the Rajiv Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana stated by Congress is merged under the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana launched by BJP with no significant changes.

Soil Health Card scheme

Originally National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility

According to the Outcome Budget 2015-16 of the agriculture and cooperation department, a soil health card was included in the scheme of National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility. The similar soil cards were also issued by Congress under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.

 

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, BJP
The aim of this scheme is to form 10,000 clusters over the next three years and bring about five lakh acres of agricultural area under organic farming to develop agricultural activity in the country

 

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana

Originally Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana and other programmes

The lack of creativity and insight in Modi government schemes can be seen in its Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana which is nothing but the fusion of some existing components which are amalgamated together as a cluster based programme. This fact was reported in the Outcome Budget 2015-16 of the agriculture and cooperation department.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana

Originally Jan Aushadhi scheme

The Jan Aushadhi scheme was developed by Congress to supply unbranded medicines at reduced prices. This scheme was executed on 23 April 2008 and the first store under this scheme was established on 25 November 2008. According to an statement issued by Loksabh on 144th March 2017, the Jan Aushadhi Scheme is renamed as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana.

Make in iIndia, BJP
Make in India, a type of Swadeshi movement covering 25 sectors of the economy,

Make In India

Originally National Manufacturing Policy

The funny part about BJP copying this scheme from Congress National Manufacturing policy is that they forget the remove the information of previous policy in the new website of Make In India scheme. The broken download link redirects to the 2011 older policy document of year 2011.

Also Read: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Appeals MPs To Utilize Their Winter Season Well

The above comparison shows that BJP is not only trying to steal the credit of previously launched schemes by Congress party by just repackaging them as new schemes, but the BJP lacks credibility and insight required to develop new schemes necessary for the development of the nations. Some other Modi government schemes that were actually the brain child of Narendra Modi and BJP part resulted in drastic disaster in nation. GST and demonetisation are two biggest examples of such failed Modi government policies.