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Mayan, Sumerian, and Mexican: The Untold Link and Similarities to Ancient India

Elephant bar on the temples of Yucatan city holds a strong resemblance to the Hindu text of Ramayana, the elephant, and deeds of King Rama of Ayodhya

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Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons

Ancient India, one of the world’s earliest urban civilisation has crossed several centuries. It had a long-lived civilisation. Many shreds of evidence have been found that culture of Ancient India has similarities with Sumerian, Mexican, and Mayan culture.

Similarities: Indian Sumerian-

Evidence has been found that there was a social interaction between the Indus valley and Sumeria. Indian teak was found in the ruins of Ur(Mugheir), which was the capital of the Sumerian kings in the IV millennium B.B. and the other is that the word Sindhu or muslin is mentioned in an ancient Babylonian list of clothing.

The occurrence of ‘s’ in the word proves that this muslin did not go to Mesopotamia via Persia, for then ‘s’ would have become ‘h’ in Persian months, as the name of this country, derived from the river Sind. Therefore, muslin went directly by sea from the Tamil Coast to the Persian Coast and the Babylonian word Sindhu is not derived from the name of the river but from the old Dravidian word, ‘sindi’, which is still found in Tulu and Canarese, and means ‘a piece of cloth’ and represented by the Tamil word ”sindu”, a flag.

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Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro
Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, Wikimedia Commons

Harappa was known as Meluha to the Akkadians. Like the evolution of state-building in Mesopotamia, its focus was land- based, but it also engaged in significant sea-going trade with Gulf. The Sargon I text refers to Meluhha boats as being large cargo vessels.

Similarities: Ancient India and Mexico-

Mexican art and architecture display a combination of cultural and social themes, such as the ancient Indian civilisations. Mexican indigenous art before the invasion of Spanish people achieved a remarkable level of development and sophistication. Created by Indian with virtually no outside influence.

Most Mexican indigenous art before the arrival of the Spanish was inspired by religion. The gods of the indigenous Indians dominated every facet of Indian life, and many Indian works of art were created as offerings to the gods. The Olmecs, who developed the first civilised culture in Mexico between 1300 and 400 B.C., were also the country’s finest artists. They made jewellery and ceramics but are best known for their stone carvings. Huge shapes of human heads, discovered mostly in the state of Veracruz, are the earliest portraits that remain of these ancient people. These heads are believed to have the honour of the Olmec rulers.

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Teotihuacan, Wikimedia Commons

The Olmecs pyramids began as a mound of earth covered with rough stones. The pyramids served several functions. They were temples where priests could pray and perform rituals for the gods . They were also symbolic mountains meant to bring people closer to Heaven.
Teotihuacan, located to the northeast of Mexico City, is another fine example of an ancient Indian city, with extraordinary pyramids, temples, and roads made for the kings, mentioned a book by Gene D. Matlock

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Similarities: Mayan dynasty and Ancient India-

Chichen Itza 3.jpg
Chichen Itza, Wikimedia Commons

Elephants are featured in Mayan sculptures, although the mammoth supposedly was extinct during the time of the Mayan civilisation. One of the oldest artistic works found dates back to 30,000 B.C., done on an elephant bone. In March 1952, Mexican pre-historians Maldonado Koerdell and Lis Aveleyra found at Ixtapan a complete skeleton of an elephant with the stone artefacts, including two spearheads between the ribs of an elephant and nearby, the remnants of ‘Tepexpan Man’. the radiocarbon date was determined to be at about 10,000 B.C. , Indian myths and legends tell about an animal similar to the mammoth.

In Indian life, we find tales about monsters and heroes that effectively describe an animal very similar to the mammoth. Elephants are very common in India and played an important role as the elephant gods, Ganesha, in the Hindu religion. Artefacts featuring elephants in a seated position posed as tough praying have been uncovered as stone pipes in mounds in North America, elephant bar on temples in the Yucatan, Mexico and in Copan, Honduras. This elephant bar holds a strong resemblance to the Hindu text of Ramayana, the elephant, and deeds of King Rama of Ayodhya are featured in the creation myth. Architectural stone carvings in Hindu temples of India and the extensive Mayan temple ruins of Chichen Itza in the northeastern Yucatan state of Mexico have similar stone carvings.

– prepared by Akanksha Sharma of NewsGram. Twitter: Akanksha4117

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The Rafale Deal: Corporate Rivalry Impacting National Interest

A deeper look found a correlation between the end of Shourie's dreams of being appointed Union Finance Minister and the beginning of his tirade against the Prime Minister on one issue or the other.

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Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been obtuse in accusing the Congress of becoming a pawn in corporate rivalry. She made the comments during a recent seminar on 'India's strategic interest in the context of the Rafale deal'.Pixabay

A recent European Union intelligence sharing exercise with India has revealed that Lockheed Martin, the US-headquartered company which manufactures the F-16 fighter jets, has been up to mischief mongering on the Rafale issue.

The Rafale jets, which India wants, is manufactured by the French aerospace company Dassault Aviation, a rival of Lockheed Martin.

That Lockheed Martin could be working in the shadows to sour the Rafale deal for India so that it could move in with its own deal was validated when Vivek Lall, Lockheed Martin’s high-profile head of strategy and India operations, said that the company was in the process of finalising the sale of 200 fighters to India.

During the UPA regime, the government had signed an MoU for 126 Rafale fighter jets to replenish a major shortcoming in air defence preparedness because the Indian Air Force did not have quality fighter jets. When the NDA government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power, this deal was revised and an inter-government deal was struck to receive 36 fully-loaded Rafale jets. The controversy now raging in India is related to the pricing for the fighters negotiated by the NDA.

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Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been obtuse in accusing the Congress of becoming a pawn in corporate rivalry. She made the comments during a recent seminar on ‘India’s strategic interest in the context of the Rafale deal’. Pixabay

In December when the Rafale case came before the Supreme Court, Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi observed that processes were generally followed over the procurement. He also noted that the controversy had been triggered by comments by former French President Francois Hollande over the selection of the offset partner and that mere comments could not form the basis for a probe.

However, this has not prevented the Rafale purchase controversy from becoming a high-octane political battle between the Congress party and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Repeatedly over the past few months and more stridently now in the lead-up to the Lok Sabha elections, Congress President Rahul Gandhi has led a no-holds barred attack on the government and the Prime Minister specifically on the issue. From the earlier public disinterest on the controversy, it is now now getting some traction — the Congress party believes this could be possible because it has relentlessly raised the matter at all public forums.

Bringing up the case of the state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) was said to be part of the orhestrated plan to present the case of the American companies while also appearing nationalistic. In the government’s estimate, HAL’s record is abysmal and it cannot be given a big responsibility like building fighter jets — more so in the light of the safety record of MiG fighters purchased from Russia and made under licence from HAL.

The BJP-led government at the Centre believes — and it is certain it has evidence of this — that the Congress party is doing this as it has become a party to corporate rivalry between the US and French aerospace companies. For the record, Lockheed Martin is believed to have found a sympathetic ally in another US aerospace major, Boeing, which manufactures the F-18. Dassault has another rival in French manufacturer Airbus Industrie, which is associated with BAE for the manufacture of the Eurofighter. It is also angling for a fighter jet contract with India.

Rahul Gandhi’s attacks on the government over the Rafale issue started after his visit to the US in August 2017 when he met several defence lobbyists, CEOs of US defence companies and Pentagon officials.

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been obtuse in accusing the Congress of becoming a pawn in corporate rivalry. She made the comments during a recent seminar on ‘India’s strategic interest in the context of the Rafale deal’.

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Contrary to popular perception, the Trump administration is said to be extremely unhappy with India because the NDA government under Modi has been successful in building strong relationships with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. Pixabay

The government’s efforts to trace the footprints of the dramatis personae at the forefront of the campaign to target the government over the Rafale deal has produced surprising results. It has found what it believes are eye-opening linkages between Prashant Bhushan, Yashwant Sinha and Arun Shourie — who filed a PIL in the Supreme Court accusing the Prime Minister of corruption in the deal — and arms dealers and defence manufacturers. At least in one case, the linkages show deep connections between members of Shourie’s family with aerospace companies, arms dealers and defence lobbies.

A deeper look found a correlation between the end of Shourie’s dreams of being appointed Union Finance Minister and the beginning of his tirade against the Prime Minister on one issue or the other.

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The government is also aware of the links between a top BJP leader’s son-in-law and a French manufacturer. The son-in-law is said to be advising Rahul Gandhi and is believed to be making government documents available to him for the campaign against Rafale.

Lockheed Martin’s alleged actions to work the political ecosystem to pull down the Rafale procurement deal also has a larger strategic context. Contrary to popular perception, the Trump administration is said to be extremely unhappy with India because the NDA government under Modi has been successful in building strong relationships with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar.  (IANS)