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Migrant boat massacre: Will Europe open its eyes to the evils of human trafficking?

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By Edoardo Lisi

On the night of April 19th, the Mediterranean Sea turned red again. A Libyan barge around 35 meters capsized in the open sea around 60 miles from Libya.

The ramshackle boat was transporting more than nine hundred emigrants from different parts of North Africa and Middle East.

Only twenty odd could manage to reach the desired destination.

The cause of the sinking, according to the Italian Government, was an impact with a Portuguese merchant ship which was trying to assist the barge and was encountering navigation problems.

After intense investigations, the “Prosecutor Office of Catania” ascribed the responsibility of this tragedy to two immigrant traffickers. The traffickers, afraid of being nabbed, started hasty operations that led to the crash.

These individuals, named “immigrant traffickers” or, more properly, “death traffickers”, earn millions of dollars per year, at the expense of desperate emigrants, who pay exorbitant amounts for a trip full of privations.

After a long trip through the desert, which can last several days, the survivors have to cope with the fury of the sea (a sea which most of them have neither seen, insofar most of them name it “the big river”).

The whole trip is insidious for the emigrants, whose only hope resides in the rescue of the Navy or of other ships.

While the poorest “travelers” are closed in the hold and punched just for their tyrants’ amusement, the “commanders” smoke hashish  and drink alcohol to “alleviate their worries”.

These criminals proliferate nowadays, facilitated by an immensely deficient international legislation on the problem.

In particular, the International Law concerning navigation in the seas recognizes a unique nationality with every boat, called the “flag state”, indeed demonstrated by the flag that waves on it.

This also implies that the same “executive jurisdiction” applies to that boat as that in the “mother country”, even though there might be some exceptions.

The Navy or Coast Guard belonging the closest country can exert the “right of visitation”, through inspections and blocks of the boats, in case of suspected piracy and illegal traffic of goods and drugs.

However, the legislation about trafficking humans is  so vague and incomplete, that countries like Italy (one of the most popular routes of transition to Europe, because of its easy accessibility to  the sea) are forced to create ambitious ( but too much often useless) “Projects”, in order to take countermeasures against the growing problem.

“We are in front of a humanitarian crisis, which cannot be solved without a concrete help from the European Union”, these are the words pronounced by the Italian Premier Matteo Renzi after the umpteenth failure of the “Project Triton”.

This project started last year with the collaboration of the EU, which designates a budget of 3 million Euros per month. Born with the aim of catching sight of barges full of emigrants, the project was meant to give the emigrants an identity and the possibility to move to another European country.

However, the project turned out to be completely ineffective.

The budget is insignificant in comparison to the magnitude of the problem, the number of men and instruments are inadequate to undertake control and salvage operations. Moreover, the prevention on the Libyan coast is almost non-existent.

In Rome, the work of the “Comunità di Sant’Egidio”, a catholic association which takes care of the migrants at their arrival and promotes a sane awareness among the public about the problem.

Sane awareness seems to be amiss in Italian politics. Politicians grow their approval-ratings by confusing the public about the actual situation. They foment intolerance amongst the voters and a “category” of people who cannot stand up on their own, being often silenced by the national press.

“The Italian State pays 40 Euros a day for every emigrant which stays in Italy. They are responsible for the growing number of crimes”, this is the “deformed truth” that they celebrate and diffuse.

Their aim is to transform Italians, famous in the past for their hospitality, into a cynical and intolerant population.

Ignorance and misinformation are perfect weapons to control people.

After spending one day in the “Comunità di Sant’ Egidio” one could appreciate the “other truth”–the truth of the people who have mouths, but whose words are not heard. At the same time the ignorant majority pronounces an uninterrupted and unilateral speech about their destiny.

Abdullah, a Somali guy, shared with me his experience about his “trip for life” and his hope to be recognized by the Italian society. He has seen a history of privations (the same privations that he and his family had to face while accumulating enough money to pay for the trip) and suffering, physical and psychological.

A story hard to narrate and hard to listen, especially when his words bear memories of death witnessed along the trip. However, I cannot argue against the fact that knowledge implies a “sweaty” work.

I could spend hours abducing arguments about the fact that felt silence speaks more than prejudiced opinions.

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Child Vaccination Mandate Still Under The Confusion Reigns in Italy

According to a 2010 survey of 27 EU states, plus Norway and Iceland, 15 countries do not have any mandatory vaccinations; the other 14 have at least one

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A doctor injects vaccine into a patient's arm, in Rome, Italy, Feb. 23, 2018.
A doctor injects vaccine into a patient's arm, in Rome, Italy, Feb. 23, 2018. (VOA)

Italians are divided between those who think parents should have the right to decide whether to vaccinate their children and those who feel immunization programs must be decided by the government, which they believe has better access to information. Vaccine regulations differ widely across Europe, and the current situation in Italy is in limbo.

Italians enrolling their children in state-run nursery schools currently are uncertain if they need to provide evidence their children have had 10 vaccinations required by a law that came into effect in March. A week ago, the upper house of parliament voted through an amendment to remove that obligation. But to become law, it must also be approved by the lower house.

Parents have been told that for the time being they can simply provide a self-signed declaration that their children have been vaccinated. Many remain unclear whether their children will be allowed to go to school if they fail to provide a declaration or other evidence of the vaccinations.

A surge of more than 5,000 measles cases last year – the second largest outbreak in Europe – led the government run then by the Democratic Party to pass a bill requiring mandatory vaccinations. However, in the run-up to general elections this year, the 5-Star Movement led by Luigi Di Maio and the League led by Matteo Salvini said they would do away with the law. Now in power, they appear to be keeping their promise

Speaking at a recent political rally near Florence, Salvini admitted he had vaccinated his own children and said that parents who have the best interests of their children at heart should be able to make that choice. He added that 10 vaccines are simply too many for some children and it is unthinkable that Italian children may not be able to enroll in school because they have not been vaccinated.

vaccination
Confusion Reigns in Italy Over Child Vaccination Mandate. VOA

Salvini said a state that requires 10 vaccines must also give parents the certainty that nothing will happen to their children through pre-vaccine tests, which today do not exist. There are 15 European countries, he added, that do not even have a single mandatory vaccine. Noting that Italy now has the most compulsory vaccinations of any country in Europe, Salvini expressed the concern that some multinational or pharmaceutical company may have chosen Italian children as a testing ground.

Italy’s health minister, Giulia Grillo, a doctor and a member of the 5-Star Movement, has made clear the government believes the right balance must be struck between the right to education and the right to health.

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Grillo said the 5-Star Movement is not opposed to vaccines and recognizes their importance and usefulness. She added that citizens need to be informed properly about vaccinations and that the National Health Service must provide support to parents and children before and after they are inoculated.

According to a 2010 survey of 27 EU states, plus Norway and Iceland, 15 countries do not have any mandatory vaccinations; the other 14 have at least one. The most common mandatory vaccine is against polio, followed by diphtheria and tetanus. (VOA)