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Mobile phones linked to literacy, prosperity: TISS report

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Mumbai: Households owning mobile phones enjoy a higher level of economic prosperity and literacy compared to those which do not, claims a new report released here on Monday.

The ‘Mobile Multiplier Study’ conducted by Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and Tata Docomo revealed that while 98 percent of postgraduate households in Maharashtra owned a mobile, the figure dropped steeply to 39.1 percent in homes of non-literates.

Sixty-seven percent of mobile-owning homes enjoyed a higher level of economic prosperity, compared to others, with 90 percent of those in the urban areas, revealing a clear correlation between mobile phone ownership and both economic and wider measures of social wellbeing.

On a national scale, 62 percent of mobile-owning households enjoyed economic prosperity with this figure at 50 percent in the rural areas, claims the study which aggregated India’s largest Census data covering nearly 100,000 responses.

“Mobile telephony displays all characteristics of a genuine public good, its use is associated with economic prosperity or higher consumption, besides higher literacy, life expectancy, educational attainment and overall living standards as captured through Human Development Index, especially in an urban context,” said TISS’s Prof. Bino Paul.

Commenting on literacy, Paul said mobile ownership in households of graduates was 93.2 percent and 98 percent in homes of postgraduates, but fell sharply to 39.1 percent in illiterate households.

Mobile ownership increased by 10 percentage points once a household became just literate, meaning the family head can merely read and write and the probability of owning a mobile was more than 1.5 times compared to an illiterate household.

On the other hand, in rural illiterate households, the proportion of mobile owners was 40 percent, but only 20 percent in urban illiterate households.

There is a significant number of households in India where the millennial generation (a person who became an adult in 2000) is heading the family.

The millennial generation is the most sophisticated user of technology, aware and having access to ‘new money’ and they want to use technology to make the difference in their lives.

In Maharashtra, the proportion of households owning a mobile is 64.8 percent where a millennial heads the family, but this extends to more than 80 percent in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Kerala, but below 50 percent in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand and the north-eastern states.

The overall mobile phone ownership in the state stands at 83.6 percent in urban households and 52.6 percent in rural households.

In fact, the national average of proportion of households headed by a millennial and owning a mobile is marginally higher than the households where the family head is a senior citizen.

“It is evident that the power of mobiles is leapfrogging with progression of technology and communication… The second wave of mobile revolution in India has already begun, but will reach its full potential only if access can be extended even further and deeper,” said Tata Teleservices Ltd. president (mobility) Elango Thambiah.

(IANS)

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Shoot The Rapist At The Sight

 And which type is contributing more dangerously to the society can easily be measured with our simple plus and minus equation

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This glaring aberration in the world of media is visible as clearly as stars in the darkness of the night.
India is plagued with a disease called Rape. Wikimedia Commons

Salil Gewali

  • India is plagued with a disease called Rape
  • There are no rigorous punishments for rape
  • Rapists openly commit crimes without anny fear

Why the clamour only for the rigorous punishment for rape and other sadistic crimes which have their roots in the mental-degeneration? Apart from the toughest punishment to the perpetrators, let’s go deeper to analyze what could be the possible  “causes”  that push men to commit rape. Why so much mental degeneration that certain individuals can stoop to the gutter being to their status, their position and social values? Well, how to address those issues is certainly a challenge. And that “challenge” certainly calls for a serious brain-storming and a serious self-assessment vise-a vise the environment in which we all are living.

Ranaghat Nun Rape Case
Rape culture in India garnered more spotlight following the Nirbhaya-gang rape, after which the issue has continue to remain a burning topic in the country. Pixabay

True, in the physical world we are highly convinced brag about that healthy environment is a must for our healthy living. Even kids know these days that we can’t breathe well if our surroundings are filled with high levels of  “toxicity”. We have well studied through our academic textbooks that people invite the environmental disaster if they keep on allowing excessive emission of CO2, CO, methane and other dangerous gases into the atmosphere. We have fully acknowledged that each tall and black chimney of the industries and the nozzles of the motor vehicles are here only to mar the beauty of this planet? What kind of damages the toxic gases are doing to our ecosystem are not at all tough job to analyze with modern appliances. Again, a lot amount of books have been published to create the awareness, to inform us about the scientifically tested measures to resolve the environmental concerns.

However, do we have the same amount of literature that pinpoint the “causes” which contribute to turning “males into perverts”? Who else is emitting the “toxic substances” that overpower the inborn sensitivity of the deviant? What are the properties of toxic filth that is polluting the mind-scape of the society? Now we have Donald Trump, the president of the USA, whom many prefer call him a pervert. At this rate, the number perverts are increasing and they have become dangerously ubiquitous. And, all those perverts have brought nightmares to the ill-fated females. We often stage candle march in protest against the rape, but remain blind to the glaring “causes”. Should we still fiddle about and be appreciative of the society that shameless covers itself with the vulgarity — the “toxicity” that might numb the sanity of males? Watch out, dear friends, those perverts have begun to see even “baby girls” as objects of lust!

Please note:  what our sages said:  “What you see that you think, what you think that you do and what you do that become !!!!”

Also Read: Eat Grapes To Ward Off Depression

Again, I would like to draw another similarity with what prompt big people to “rape”/violate the harmony of the Mother Earth. The case is very regularly brought out by the conscious citizens across the country. A senior journalist Patricia Mukhim of Meghalaya has pointedly driven home recently how the “greed for money” has corrupted many leaders who are trying hard to justify the senseless exploitation of the “body” of Mother Earth. Many big shots of big companies struggle to convince the politicians to tweak the laws to grant the permission to perpetually “rape” the country.

In my mind, both are infected with common syndromes! While the one type is interested in the body of the females, the other type has a fetish for the rocky body of the “Mother Earth”. And which type is contributing more dangerously to the society can easily be measured with our simple plus and minus equation.

The rape victims are not getting the justice they deserve.
The rape victims are not getting the justice they deserve.

Let’s assess the issues from another angle, given the advancement of medical science. Till some years back malaria, dengue, cholera, HIV, smallpox were life-taking diseases. But the medical science has pretty successfully eradicated or contained them all. The scientists have correctly identified the causes of those dangerous diseases and recommended the remedial measures. No doubt, that is a very productive achievement. However, why have the modern studies practically failed to “identify the causes”  of the pandemic rise of the horrendous instances of rapes and criminality associated with them? Is it not a strong slap in the face of the modern civilization considering we have not yet spelt out the causes and the characteristic symptoms the  “toxic emitters” who turn decent males into sadists? How long will we endure the depravity which has already strangulated the decency of the society? Should we still wait to work out the tough laws? Should we still hitch to explore for the “causes” and remedial measures? I guess the time is ripe that each morally conscious individual be allowed a shotgun to shoot the “perversion and depravity” of any kind at sight!

Salil Gewali is a well-known writer and author of ‘Great minds on India’. Twitter: @SGewali.