New York: Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed different measures of combatting radicalisation with Jordan’s King Abdullah II, Egyptian President Abdel Fatah el-Sisi and Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Lofven in separate meetings on Friday.
In talks with the three leaders, the threat from ISIS and other radical groups came up, according to external affairs ministry Spokesman Vikas Swarup. They talked about ways to counter radicalisation in this context.
Modi met Abdullah at Hotel Mandarin, where he was staying – so far the only trip Modi has taken out of the Waldorf Astoria Hotel to specifically visit a leader at his lodging.
The king said that the ISIS posed a major threat to the world, according to Swarup. To counter radicalisation, Modi told him, terrorism must be delinked from religion. He also advocated for the Comprehensive Convention Against Terrorism, which has been languishing due to opposition from certain countries over the definition of terrorists.
Abdullah backed Security Council reforms and supported India’s bid for a permanent seat.
Besides how to counter radicalisation and terror, Modi and el-Sisi discussed economic issues. The New Suez Canal that was recently opened offered India investment opportunities, Modi was told during the bilateral meeting at the UN.
Lofven, who came to Waldorf Astoria to meet Modi, discussed with him the threat from the ISIS and radicalisation.
Modi invited Sweden to participate in his ‘Make in India’ and ‘Skills India’ initiatives. Among areas that the two countries can cooperate, Modi mentioned railways for which he has ambitious expansion plans.
On Security Council reform, Modi received reaffirmation of Swedish support for a permanent seat.
While at the UN, Modi met Kenny Anthony, the prime minister of St Lucia, a small Caribbean island nation of 173,000 people. Anthony told Modi that he appreciated the importance he gave to small countries like his. India has been actively pursuing diplomatic and developmental efforts with Small Island Developing States group, which has 52 members, including St. Lucia.
The deep ties between India and Cyprus that go back to the early days of the Non-Aligned Movement were recalled during Modi’s meeting with Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades at the Waldorf Astoria. Both Anastasiades and Modi expressed appreciation for the way each of the two nations had stood by the other over the years.
Anastasiades said the two countries could cooperate in high-tech areas and in shipping.
Since Cyprus is in the European Union, Modi talked about expanding ties with the bloc, but also mentioned some of the trade problems India had with the EU. One of them was the EU holding up 700 drugs based on the report of one inspector.
Anastasiades also said he supported India’s bid for permanent membership in the Security Council.
A recent European Union intelligence sharing exercise with India has revealed that Lockheed Martin, the US-headquartered company which manufactures the F-16 fighter jets, has been up to mischief mongering on the Rafale issue.
The Rafale jets, which India wants, is manufactured by the French aerospace company Dassault Aviation, a rival of Lockheed Martin.
That Lockheed Martin could be working in the shadows to sour the Rafale deal for India so that it could move in with its own deal was validated when Vivek Lall, Lockheed Martin’s high-profile head of strategy and India operations, said that the company was in the process of finalising the sale of 200 fighters to India.
During the UPA regime, the government had signed an MoU for 126 Rafale fighter jets to replenish a major shortcoming in air defence preparedness because the Indian Air Force did not have quality fighter jets. When the NDA government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power, this deal was revised and an inter-government deal was struck to receive 36 fully-loaded Rafale jets. The controversy now raging in India is related to the pricing for the fighters negotiated by the NDA.
In December when the Rafale case came before the Supreme Court, Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi observed that processes were generally followed over the procurement. He also noted that the controversy had been triggered by comments by former French President Francois Hollande over the selection of the offset partner and that mere comments could not form the basis for a probe.
However, this has not prevented the Rafale purchase controversy from becoming a high-octane political battle between the Congress party and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Repeatedly over the past few months and more stridently now in the lead-up to the Lok Sabha elections, Congress President Rahul Gandhi has led a no-holds barred attack on the government and the Prime Minister specifically on the issue. From the earlier public disinterest on the controversy, it is now now getting some traction — the Congress party believes this could be possible because it has relentlessly raised the matter at all public forums.
Bringing up the case of the state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) was said to be part of the orhestrated plan to present the case of the American companies while also appearing nationalistic. In the government’s estimate, HAL’s record is abysmal and it cannot be given a big responsibility like building fighter jets — more so in the light of the safety record of MiG fighters purchased from Russia and made under licence from HAL.
The BJP-led government at the Centre believes — and it is certain it has evidence of this — that the Congress party is doing this as it has become a party to corporate rivalry between the US and French aerospace companies. For the record, Lockheed Martin is believed to have found a sympathetic ally in another US aerospace major, Boeing, which manufactures the F-18. Dassault has another rival in French manufacturer Airbus Industrie, which is associated with BAE for the manufacture of the Eurofighter. It is also angling for a fighter jet contract with India.
Rahul Gandhi’s attacks on the government over the Rafale issue started after his visit to the US in August 2017 when he met several defence lobbyists, CEOs of US defence companies and Pentagon officials.
Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been obtuse in accusing the Congress of becoming a pawn in corporate rivalry. She made the comments during a recent seminar on ‘India’s strategic interest in the context of the Rafale deal’.
The government’s efforts to trace the footprints of the dramatis personae at the forefront of the campaign to target the government over the Rafale deal has produced surprising results. It has found what it believes are eye-opening linkages between Prashant Bhushan, Yashwant Sinha and Arun Shourie — who filed a PIL in the Supreme Court accusing the Prime Minister of corruption in the deal — and arms dealers and defence manufacturers. At least in one case, the linkages show deep connections between members of Shourie’s family with aerospace companies, arms dealers and defence lobbies.
A deeper look found a correlation between the end of Shourie’s dreams of being appointed Union Finance Minister and the beginning of his tirade against the Prime Minister on one issue or the other.
The government is also aware of the links between a top BJP leader’s son-in-law and a French manufacturer. The son-in-law is said to be advising Rahul Gandhi and is believed to be making government documents available to him for the campaign against Rafale.
Lockheed Martin’s alleged actions to work the political ecosystem to pull down the Rafale procurement deal also has a larger strategic context. Contrary to popular perception, the Trump administration is said to be extremely unhappy with India because the NDA government under Modi has been successful in building strong relationships with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. (IANS)