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Modi in Bangladesh: Land Boundary Agreement generates keen interest in North East

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Agartala/Guwahati: The signing of the historic Land Boundary Agreement, notwithstanding some opposition in Assam, and trade and connectivity are the key issues which have generated keen interest in India’s northeastern states about Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s two-day Bangladesh visit that began on Saturday.

In a historic step, India and Bangladesh during the day moved to swap land enclaves in each other’s territory as they ratified the more than 40-year-old LBA at a ceremony witnessed by Modi and his Bangladesh counterpart Sheikh Hasina.

The agreement envisages transfer of 111 enclaves with a total area of 17,160.63 acres to Bangladesh. Dhaka is to transfer 51 enclaves spread over 7,110.02 acres to India. A 6.1-km undefined border stretch will be demarcated. The four Indian border states involved in the exchange of territories are Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura – all in the northeast – and West Bengal.

With the Teesta accord, which Bangladesh considers very important, not on the agenda, diplomatic experts were banking on the land swap deal – set to be concluded on June 6 on day one of Modi’s visit – as a “significant chapter” in India-Bangladesh relations, which could in turn pave the way for fresh openings in bilateral ties.

Veena Sikri, former Indian envoy to Bangladesh, termed the LBA the high point of the visit as it would help in taking the bilateral relations between the two neighbours into an era of connectivity, which would tremendously help the northeastern states.

Northeast-based independent journalist Sanath Chakrabarty termed the LBA signing a welcome step.

“The initiative shows that the Modi government does not want to carry the baggage of the past. They want to solve the issues in a more proactive way, this is a good move,” he said.

“However, there are issues which are irritants. The Land Boundary Agreement has also been opposed by several sections. There issues of rehabilitation and resettlement of the people to be affected by the LBA,” he said, adding that one also has to observe how Bangladesh reciprocates to this.

Modi, Hasina and West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee also flagged off the Kolkata-Dhaka-Agartala and Dhaka-Shillong-Guwahati bus services.

The two countries signed 22 pacts, including agreements on coastal shipping, renewal of protocol on inland water transit and trade, on prevention of human trafficking and on prevention of smuggling and circulation of fake currency notes.

The two nations also concluded the memorandum of understanding on use of Chittagong and Mongla ports, while the Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company Limited (BSCCL) and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) signed a deal for leasing of international bandwidth for internet at Akhaura in Tripura.

Stressing on connectivity, Modi said Bangladesh’s decision to allow transit of power equipment and foodgrain to the northeast “echoes the strength of your human values and our shared economic opportunities”.

On Sunday, Modi and Hasina are scheduled to open the Kamalasagar (Tripura)-Kasba (Bangladesh) border haat. The border haat will be the second in Tripura and the fourth along the India-Bangladesh border.

These border haats are being set up at costs ranging from Rs.2.4-3 crore incurred by the Indian commerce ministry to boost trade in local produce of areas on the two sides.

Tripura Chamber of Commerce and Industries president M.L. Dey said Bangladesh’s trade and business with the northeastern states was much higher compared to the rest of India.

“Considering this scope, both India and Bangladesh must take more mutual steps to increase the trades and various economic activities between Bangladesh and eight northeastern states of India.”

Noted economist Sekhar Paul said economic cooperation between India and Bangladesh “must go hand in hand with strong political support from the highest places of the two close neighbours”.

The eight northeastern states, including Sikkim, are largely dependent on Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and other bigger states in India for food grains, essential commodities and household goods.

“Trade between the northeastern states and Bangladesh are gradually increasing every year. With Modi’s visit, the cross border trade might further boost up,” Habul Biswas, secretary of the Exporters-importers Association of Tripura, told IANS.

Tripura Chief Minister Manik Sarkar earlier told IANS the visit was expected to immensely benefit the northeastern states.

He said Dhaka helped “a lot” to tame decades of terrorism in Tripura.

But he pointed out that some camps of northeastern militants still existed in Bangladesh. (IANS)

 

 

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PM Modi inaugurates Ferry Service, Calls it his ‘Dream Project’

Calling it his dream project, PM Modi has called the service "a landmark occasion for entire South-East Asia".

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Wikimedia

Gujarat, October 22, 2017 : Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first phase of the Ghogha-Dahej Ro-Ro ferry service, a first-of-its-kind project in India, calling it “a landmark occasion for entire South-East Asia”.

Describing it as his dream project, Modi said the ferry service was his “invaluable gift to India” and claimed that the even for South-East Asia, this was the first project of its size.

He said it were his efforts that gave birth to this ferry service which he had heard about only in his school days.

“It seems implementation of all good works are my luck,” Modi joked. “New changes don’t come from cliched attitude but new thinking. We changed the way of thinking,” he said.

He said the service would shorten a 360-km distance to 31 km or a journey of seven hours to one hour. (IANS)

 

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Myanmar Must Take Back Displaced Rohingya Refugees : India

Sushma Swaraj did not use the word Rohingya to refer to the thousands who have taken shelter in Bangladesh and instead referred to them as displaced persons from Rakhine state

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A group of Rohingya refugees walk on the muddy road after traveling over the Bangladesh-Myanmar border. VOA

Dhaka, October 22, 2017 : India on Sunday said Rohingya refugees who have poured into Bangladesh must be taken back by Myanmar from where they have been displaced.

“Normalcy will only be restored with the return of the displaced persons to Rakhine state,” Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said at a media meet also attended by her Bangladeshi counterpart Abula Hassan Mahmood Ali.

This followed the fourth India-Bangladesh Joint Consultative Committee meeting.

ALSO READ US will Provide $32 Million to Rohingyas As Humanitarian Aid Package

Sushma Swaraj did not use the word Rohingya to refer to the thousands who have taken shelter in Bangladesh and instead referred to them as displaced persons from Rakhine state, bdnews24.com reported.

She said India was “deeply concerned at the spate of violence in Rakhine state of Myanmar”.

According to latest figures from the UN office in Bangladesh, over 600,000 refugees have entered the country since August 25 after the Myanmar Army cracked down on the Rohingyas after a series of attacks on security personnel in Rakhine.

Bangladesh Minister Ali said India was urged to contribute towards exerting sustained pressure on Myanmar to find a peaceful solution to the crisis, including return of Rohingyas to their homeland. (IANS)

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Richard Thaler Supported Demonetisation, there is More to the Story

Demonetisation is what Richard Thaler had long supported. However, he remarked "Really? Damn," when he was informed about the introduction of Rs. 2,000 notes in place of the discontinued Rs. 500 and 1,000 notes thereby highlighting how his joy of seeing a step towards a cashless economy and reduction of corruption was momentary.

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Richard Thaler
Richard Thaler won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences on 9th October.Wikimedia

When Prime Minister Narendra Modi decided to scrape Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes last November, Nobel Prize winner Richard Thaler supported demonetization describing it as a policy that he had long supported.

Dr. Richard Thaler, a Professor of Economics and Behavioural Science at the University of Chicago won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences on 9th October.

Did Richard Thaler really support demonetization in the way BJP took it? There is more to the story than what meets the eye.

As soon as Thaler was declared the Nobel Prize winner, members of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) started sharing Thaler’s tweet regarding demonetization on social media affirming that the move which was severely criticised by the members of the opposition was actually supported by a Nobel Prize winner. The BJP IT cell head Amit Malviya retweeted the old tweet within a fraction of a second.

However, Richard Thaler remarked “Really? Damn,” when he was informed about the introduction of Rs. 2,000 notes in place of the discontinued Rs. 500 and 1,000 note thereby highlighting how his joy of seeing a step towards a cashless economy and reduction of corruption was momentary.

It was not only the BJP supporters but also a large number of BJP leaders who were flowed away with incomplete picture depicted by Malviya and tweeted about it.‬ This included Union Minister Giriraj Singh, former BJP IT Cell Head Arvind Gupta, and many others.

Soon after, twitterati realized that the full picture of Thaler’s statement on demonetization was rather hidden.

Prime Minister Modi declared that the motivation behind scrapping Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes was to promote cashless economy and reduce corruption. This decision was severely criticised by different sections of the society putting on Modi the ultimate responsibility for heralding economic deceleration. Demonetisation pulled down India’s GDP growth rate to a mere 6.1% in 2016-17.

Some highlighted that the introduction of Rs 2000 note was an ephemeral panacea for remonetization and that its printing has been terminated.

-Prepared by Mohima Haque of NewsGram, Twitter: mohimahaque26