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Mohyal Community of India: Know about the ethnic group who were descendants of Dronacharya!

Mohyal community members even though believed to be Brahmins never took ritualism of Brahminism

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Mohyal community. Image source: Wikimedia commons
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  • Mohyal community people were primarily Brahmins who left their priestly duties to serve as warriors
  • In undivided Punjab, they were known as the Jatt-Brahmans
  • Mohyal community members even though believed to be Brahmins, they never took ritualism of Brahminism

Mohyal Community, the noble set of people; the ones who descended from Dronacharya, the initiator of the Pandava into the art of war, are our highlight for today. Each tribe feels proud of their lineage but the Mohyal clan has something additional to feel proud of- these militant sets of people were primarily Brahmins. Yes, you heard that right! They left their priestly duties to serve as warriors. If this fact doesn’t raise your curiosity in your mind, then don’t worry we have more in the store!

Mohyal community members even though are believed to be Brahmins never took ritualism of Brahminism. In undivided Punjab, they were known as the Jatt-Brahmans or meat eaters. Feeding your sparked interest, here are 5 facts about the community that will enrich your knowledge about one of India’s endogamous ethnic group that produced some famous soldiers.

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I. The 7 castes of Mohyals:

The Mujhaal Brahmins of Punjab were divided into 7 sub-castes. Here’s the list of the sub-castes, the Mohyals were divided into along with their gotras:

  • Bali- Parashar: The title of Raizada was used by Balis and occasionally by Vaids.
  • Mohan- Kashyap: They were known for their songs, dances and boat races at their festivals which resembled Mohenjo-Daro’s festival.
  • Vaid- Dhanvantri: Interestingly, Alexander the Great, when tried to invade India back in 326 BC was challenged by a Vaid, whose name was King Porus.
Alexander, the Great. Image source: Wikimedia commons
Alexander, the Great. Image source: Wikimedia commons
  • Bhimwal– Kaushal: The Bhimwals comprise of just 3.5 percent of the total Mohyal population. It is believed that Bam Dev was the real forefather of the Bhimwal sect. Though it is not a proved fact and there are groups of people still claiming that the patriarch saint of this clan was Rishi Kausalya, hence the name of their gotra, Kaushal.
  • Lau- Vasishtha: They are one of the seven lineages and known for their marital tradition.
  • Datt- Bharadwaja: Datts are the descendants of Rishi Bharadwaj and that’s where they derive their gotra name from.
  • Chhibber- Bhargav:  While Bhimwals were the least in number, Chibbers stole all the spotlight. Their gotra name is derived from their celestial forefather Rishi Bhrigu.

II. Courtesy Titles:

There were few titles that were bestowed upon some Mohyals due to their bravery and loyalty. Some of those titles are used as surnames even today. Examples: ‘Bakshi’, ‘Chaudhri’ ,’Dewan’, ‘Mehta’ and ‘Raizada’. As some of these titles are used by both Mohyal and non-Mohyal communities, communities usually mention their surname with the caste name to denote their Mohyal identity.

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III. Warriors

After India’s independence, Mohyals fought with China and Pakistan. Mohyals had a large army and also won most of the gallantry awards.

IV. Location

Habitation of Mohyals. Image source:jaymohyal
Habitation of Mohyals. Image source:jaymohyal

The main area of a Mohyals habitat was northern India. The 7 castes lived close together either in parts of West Punjab or Jammu & Kashmir where the families shared balconies of their home and pieces of land together.

V. Matrimony

A person belonging to Mohyal community celebrates the birth of his son with great festivity and usually the marriage takes place within the 7 sub-clans.

– by Karishma Vanjani of NewsGram. Twitter: @BladesnBoots

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  • Kabir Chaudhary

    The Moyal community is a warrior community, which have fought for ancient india and modern india countless times, and coming out to be victorious in almost every battle.

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The Other Side of “Hindu Pakistan”

Although, the mainstream parties stay away from nominating Hindus, this time there are many independent Hindu candidates contesting from general seats — mostly from the Sindh province

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Hinduism
The Hindu population in Pakistan is about 1.8% according to the 2018 census, 0.2% more than that of the 1998 and the 1951 figures.

Sagarneel Sinha

Congress MP Shashi Tharoor’s remark that India would become a “Hindu Pakistan” if the BJP is elected again in 2019, sparked off a major debate among the political circles of the country. BJP didn’t let the opportunity go by launching a scathing attack on Tharoor and his party for insulting Hindus and Indian democracy, forcing the Congress party to distance itself from its own MP’s comment. Only one year is left for the next general elections and in a politically polarised environment such comments serve as masala for political battles where perception is an important factor among the electorates.

Actually, Tharoor, through his statement, is trying to convey that “India may become a
fundamentalist state just like its neighbour — Pakistan”. Tharoor is a shrewd politician and his remarks are mainly for political gains. The comments refer to our neighbour going to polls on 25 th of this month which has a long history of ignoring minorities where the state institutions serve as a tool for glorifying the religious majority bloc and ridiculing the minorities. This compelled me to ponder about the participation of the Hindus — the largest minority bloc of the country, in the upcoming polls.

There are total 37 reserved seats for minorities in Pakistan — 10 in the National Assembly
(Lower House), 4 in the Senate (Upper House) and 23 in various state legislatures — 9 in the Sindh assembly, 8 in Punjab and 3 each in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Pakistani Hindus, like other minorities have the dual voting rights in principle. But the reality is they have no rights to vote for their own representatives as the seats are reserved — means the distribution of these seats are at the discretion of parties’ leadership. Practically speaking, these reserved seats are meant for political parties not for minorities. In case of general seats, it is almost impossible for a Hindu candidate to win until and unless supported by the mainstream parties of the country. The bitter truth is — the mainstream parties have always ignored the Hindus by hesitating to field them from general seats. In 2013, only one Hindu candidate — Mahesh Kumar from the Tharparkar district won from a general seat, also became the only minority candidate to make it to the National Assembly from a general seat. This time too, he is nominated by the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) — a major centre-left party of Pakistan. However, there are no other Hindu candidates for a general seat from the two other significant centre-right parties — former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and cricketer turned politician Imran Khan’s Tehreek-E-Insaf (PTI). Although, there is a Hindu candidate named Sanjay Berwani from Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) — a Karachi (capital of Sindh province) based secular centrist party of Pakistan.

Shashi_tharoor
Congress MP Shashi Tharoor’s remark that India would become a “Hindu Pakistan” if the BJP is
elected again in 2019, sparked off a major debate among the political circles of the country.

The Hindu population in Pakistan is about 1.8% according to the 2018 census, 0.2% more than that of the 1998 and the 1951 figures. It means that despite the state’s hostile policies, Hindus have been able to remain stable in a highly Islamist polarised society. 90% of the Hindu population of the country lives in the Sindh province. Hindu population in Umerkot,Tharparkar and Mirpur Khas districts of the Sindh province stands at 49%, 46% and 33% respectively — making them the only three substantial Hindu districts of the country. The three districts have 5 National Assembly and 13 Provincial seats. However, Hindus have never well represented from these seats.

Although, the mainstream parties stay away from nominating Hindus, this time there are many independent Hindu candidates contesting from general seats — mostly from the Sindh province. Many of them belong to the Schedule caste — the Dalit community. A recent report based on Pakistan Election Commission’s data says that out of 2.5 lakh women of Tharparkar district, around 2 lakh of them are not included in the electoral list — means that they are not entitled to vote for the upcoming general elections. All over the country, there are about 1.21 crore women voters who will not be able to vote in the elections. The reason is the lack of an identity card. Most of them are poor who are unable to pay the expenses required for an identity card. This has made difficult for independent Hindu Dalit candidates like Sunita Parmar and Tulsi Balani as most of their supporters will not be voting in the upcoming polls. In Tharparkar district, around 33% percent are the Hindu Dalits — brushed aside by the mainstream parties. The reserved seat candidates are based on party nominations, where mainly the upper caste Hindus are preferred. Radha Bheel, a first time contestant and the chairperson of Dalit Suhaag Tehreek (DST), a Dalit organisation, says that the fight is for the rights of the lower socio-economic class and scheduled castes. Sunita, Tulsi, Radha and the other independent Hindu candidates know
that the possibility of winning from the general seats is bleak but for them the contest is for their own identity — an identity never recognised by the political parties and the establishment of Pakistan.