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Mohyal Community of India: Know about the ethnic group who were descendants of Dronacharya!

Mohyal community members even though believed to be Brahmins never took ritualism of Brahminism

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Mohyal community. Image source: Wikimedia commons
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  • Mohyal community people were primarily Brahmins who left their priestly duties to serve as warriors
  • In undivided Punjab, they were known as the Jatt-Brahmans
  • Mohyal community members even though believed to be Brahmins, they never took ritualism of Brahminism

Mohyal Community, the noble set of people; the ones who descended from Dronacharya, the initiator of the Pandava into the art of war, are our highlight for today. Each tribe feels proud of their lineage but the Mohyal clan has something additional to feel proud of- these militant sets of people were primarily Brahmins. Yes, you heard that right! They left their priestly duties to serve as warriors. If this fact doesn’t raise your curiosity in your mind, then don’t worry we have more in the store!

Mohyal community members even though are believed to be Brahmins never took ritualism of Brahminism. In undivided Punjab, they were known as the Jatt-Brahmans or meat eaters. Feeding your sparked interest, here are 5 facts about the community that will enrich your knowledge about one of India’s endogamous ethnic group that produced some famous soldiers.

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I. The 7 castes of Mohyals:

The Mujhaal Brahmins of Punjab were divided into 7 sub-castes. Here’s the list of the sub-castes, the Mohyals were divided into along with their gotras:

  • Bali- Parashar: The title of Raizada was used by Balis and occasionally by Vaids.
  • Mohan- Kashyap: They were known for their songs, dances and boat races at their festivals which resembled Mohenjo-Daro’s festival.
  • Vaid- Dhanvantri: Interestingly, Alexander the Great, when tried to invade India back in 326 BC was challenged by a Vaid, whose name was King Porus.
Alexander, the Great. Image source: Wikimedia commons
Alexander, the Great. Image source: Wikimedia commons
  • Bhimwal– Kaushal: The Bhimwals comprise of just 3.5 percent of the total Mohyal population. It is believed that Bam Dev was the real forefather of the Bhimwal sect. Though it is not a proved fact and there are groups of people still claiming that the patriarch saint of this clan was Rishi Kausalya, hence the name of their gotra, Kaushal.
  • Lau- Vasishtha: They are one of the seven lineages and known for their marital tradition.
  • Datt- Bharadwaja: Datts are the descendants of Rishi Bharadwaj and that’s where they derive their gotra name from.
  • Chhibber- Bhargav:  While Bhimwals were the least in number, Chibbers stole all the spotlight. Their gotra name is derived from their celestial forefather Rishi Bhrigu.

II. Courtesy Titles:

There were few titles that were bestowed upon some Mohyals due to their bravery and loyalty. Some of those titles are used as surnames even today. Examples: ‘Bakshi’, ‘Chaudhri’ ,’Dewan’, ‘Mehta’ and ‘Raizada’. As some of these titles are used by both Mohyal and non-Mohyal communities, communities usually mention their surname with the caste name to denote their Mohyal identity.

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III. Warriors

After India’s independence, Mohyals fought with China and Pakistan. Mohyals had a large army and also won most of the gallantry awards.

IV. Location

Habitation of Mohyals. Image source:jaymohyal
Habitation of Mohyals. Image source:jaymohyal

The main area of a Mohyals habitat was northern India. The 7 castes lived close together either in parts of West Punjab or Jammu & Kashmir where the families shared balconies of their home and pieces of land together.

V. Matrimony

A person belonging to Mohyal community celebrates the birth of his son with great festivity and usually the marriage takes place within the 7 sub-clans.

– by Karishma Vanjani of NewsGram. Twitter: @BladesnBoots

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  • Kabir Chaudhary

    The Moyal community is a warrior community, which have fought for ancient india and modern india countless times, and coming out to be victorious in almost every battle.

  • Kabir Chaudhary

    The Moyal community is a warrior community, which have fought for ancient india and modern india countless times, and coming out to be victorious in almost every battle.

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12 Interesting Facts About Somnath Temple Probably You Didn’t Know

The Somnath Temple is popular due to various legends connected to it. The place is an important pilgrimage and tourist spot.

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Somnath Temple is located in Veraval on the western coast of Gujarat, India. Wikimedia Commons
Somnath Temple is located in Veraval on the western coast of Gujarat, India. Wikimedia Commons
  • Somnath Temple is believed to be the place where Lord Krishna ended his Lila and thereafter left for heavenly abode
  • The first Siva temple at Somanath is believed to have been built at some unknown time in the past
  • Gujarat was raided by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1024, plundering the Somnath temple and breaking its sacred jyotirlinga

Somnath Temple is a specimen of fine architecture of one of the 12 Jyotirlingas Shrines of Shiva. This place is believed to be the place where Lord Krishna ended his Lila and thereafter left for heavenly abode, therefore it is dubbed as Eternal Shrine. This legendary temple has been vandalized numerous times in the history but with the help of some Hindu Kings, the temple was reshaped each time.

Somnath Temple is located in Veraval on the western coast of Gujarat, India. The temple is popular due to various legends connected to it. The place is an important pilgrimage and tourist spot. Lord Shiva has a strong connection here and also known as shrine eternal.

Somnath Temple History

According to popular tradition, the first Siva temple at Somanath is believed to have been built at some unknown time in the past. The second temple has been built at the same site by the “Yadava kings” of Vallabhi around 649 CE. In 725 CE, Al-Junayd, the Arab governor of Sindh destroyed the second temple as part of his invasions of Gujarat and Rajasthan. In 815 CE, the Gurjara-Pratihara king Nagabhata II constructed the third temple, a huge structure of red sandstone.

Also Read: Top 10 Famous Hindu Temples of Tamil Nadu

The Chaulukya (Solanki) king Mularaja possibly built the first temple at the site sometime before 997 CE, even though some historians believe that he may have renovated a smaller earlier temple.

Somnath Temple Attacks

Gujarat was raided by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1024, plundering the Somnath temple and breaking its sacred jyotirlinga. Ghazni took away the wealth of almost 20 million dinars. As per historical records, the damage to the temple by was quite negligible because there are records of pilgrimages to the temple in 1038, which has no much mention of any damage to the temple.

In14th century, Gujarati Muslim pilgrims were noted by Amir Khusrow to stop at that temple to pay their respects before departing for the Hajj pilgrimage. Wikimedia Commons
In14th century, Gujarati Muslim pilgrims were noted by Amir Khusrow to stop at that temple to pay their respects before departing for the Hajj pilgrimage. Wikimedia Commons

But claims are there that Mahmud had killed 50,000 devotees who tried to defend the temple. The temple at the time of Ghazni’s attack appears to have been a wooden structure, which is said to have decayed in time.

According to an inscription of 1169, Kumarapala rebuilt it in “excellent stone and studded it with jewels,”

Also Read: Angkor Wat: History behind Cambodian Hindu temple

Then in 1299, the Somnath Temple was invaded by Alauddin Khalji’s army, led by Ulugh Khan. They defeated the Vaghela king Karna and sacked the Somnath temple. Legends state that the Jalore ruler Kanhadadeva later recovered the Somnath idol and freed the Hindu prisoners, after an attack on the Delhi army near Jalore. However, some other sources state that the idol was taken to Delhi, where it was thrown to be trampled under the feet of Muslims.

The Somnath Temple was rebuilt by Mahipala I, the Chudasama king of Saurashtra in 1308 and the lingam was installed by his son Khengara sometime between 1331 and 1351.

In14th century, Gujarati Muslim pilgrims were noted by Amir Khusrow to stop at that temple to pay their respects before departing for the Hajj pilgrimage.

In 1395, the temple was again destroyed for the third time by Zafar Khan, the last governor of Gujarat under the Delhi Sultanate and later founder of Gujarat Sultanate.

In 1546, the Portuguese who were based in Goa attacked ports and towns in Gujarat including Somnath Temple and destroyed several of its structures.

Somnath temple to Dwarka

Dwarka is an ancient city in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is very near to Somnath temple and due to its relevance to Hindu pilgrimage; people do tend to visit this place also.

Also Read: The Temple of Death: The Abode of Yamraj

The magnificent Temple of Dwarka has an elaborately tiered main shrine, a carved entrance and a black-marble idol of Lord Krishna.

Somnath Temple said to have been safely hiding the famous Syamantak Mani within the hollowness of Shivalinga. Wikimedia Commons
Somnath Temple said to have been safely hiding the famous Syamantak Mani within the hollowness of Shivalinga. Wikimedia Commons

The road distance between Dwarka and Somnath is 231 km and the aerial distance from Dwarka to Somnath is 210 km. One can also cover the distance through train which is almost 398km distant.

Here are some facts that are attached to this sacred and architecturally marvellous temple.

  1. The present-day Somnath Temple was built in five years, from 1947 to 1951 and was inaugurated by then President of India Dr Rajendra Prasad.
  2. Somnath Temple said to have been safely hiding the famous Syamantak Mani within the hollowness of Shivalinga, the Philosopher’s stone, which is associated with Lord Krishna. The stone is said to be magical, which was capable of producing gold. It is also believed that stone had alchemic and radioactive properties and thus it remains floating above the ground.
  3. The temple finds its reference in the sacred texts of Hindus like Shreemad Bhagavat, Skandpuran, Shivpuran and Rig-Veda. This signifies the importance of this temple as one of the most popular pilgrimage sites in India.
  4. According to records, the site of Somnath has been a pilgrimage site from ancient times as it was said to be the junction of three rivers, Kapila, Hiran and the mythical Saraswati. The meeting point was called as Triveni Sangam and is believed to be the place where Soma, the Moon-god bathed and regained his lustre.
  5. According to Swami Gajanand Saraswati (a Hindu scholar), the first temple was built 7, 99, 25,105 years ago as derived from the traditions of Prabhas Khand of Skanda Puran.
  6. The temple is said to be located at such a place that there is no straight-line land between Somnath seashore till Antarctica continent. In a Sanskrit inscription, found on the Arrow-Pillar called Baan-Stambh is stated that the temple stands at a point on the Indian piece of land, which happens to be the first point on land in the north to the south-pole on that particular longitude.

    The saga of Somnath temple is related to moon god and curse of his father in law Daksha Prajapati. Wikimedia Commons
    The saga of Somnath temple is related to moon god and curse of his father in law Daksha Prajapati. Wikimedia Commons
  7. According to the text of Skanda Purana, the name of Somnath Temple will change every time the world is reconstructed. It is believed when Lord Brahma will create a new world after ending the one we are living, Somnath will acquire a new name of Pran Nath Temple.
  8. On the walls of Somnath Temple, the sculptures of Lord Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu can be seen.
  9. According to another reference in the Skanda Purana, there are about 6 Brahmas. This is the era of 7thBrahma who is called Shatanand.
  10. The flag mast on the peak of Somnath Temple is 37 feet long and it changes 3 times a day.
  11. The saga of Somnath temple is related to moon god and curse of his father in law Daksha Prajapati.
  12. Non-Hindus doesn’t require any special permission to visit Somnath Temple. The decision was taken in view of security issues.Now, pack your bags and begin your journey to one of the most the sacred places of India.