May 3, 2017: According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Narasimha is considered to be the 4th incarnation or “Avatar” of Lord Vishnu. Hindus celebrate Vaishakha Shukla Chaturdashi as Narasimha Jayanti. To end evil in the form of demon Hiranyakashipu, Lord Vishnu appeared in the form of Narasimha, a half man and half lion on the Narasimha Jayanti day, which is on May 9, every year.
It is considered that the combination of Vaishakha Shukla Chaturdashi with Swati Nakshatra and weekday Saturday is highly auspicious for the observation of Narasimha Jayanti Vratam.
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There are a number of rules and guidelines, similar to those of Ekadashi fasting, to observe Narasimha Jayanti fasting. Devotees are supposed to consume only one single meal one day before Narasimha Jayanti. During the fasting, all type of grains and cereals are prohibited. The next day at an appropriate time the fast is broken maintaining certain rules; this is called ‘Parana’.
On the day of Narasimha Jayanti, devotees take an oath or ‘Sankalp’ during the afternoon period (‘Madhyahna’). Lord Narasimha Pujan is performed during Sanyakal before sunset. The popular belief is that Lord Narasimha appeared during sunset while Chaturdashi was prevailing. Night vigil is advised to be kept and Visarjan Puja is supposed to be performed next day morning. After performing Visarjan Puja and giving Dana to Brahmin on the next day, the devotees can end the fast.
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Narasimha Jayanti fast is to be broken the next day when Chaturdashi Tithi is over after sunrise. In the case of Chaturdashi Tithi getting over before sunrise then the devotees can break the fast any time after sunrise after completing Jayanti rituals. If Chaturdashi gets over very late, in case if Chaturdashi prevails beyond three-fourth of Dinamana (the time window between sunrise and sunset), then it is permitted to break the fast in the first half of Dinamana.
There are lists available about the details: Madhyahna time to take Sankalp, Sanyakal duration to perform Puja and Parana time on next day to break the fast and more. It should be mentioned that all these timings and schedules are based on location hence it is mandatory to change location before noting down Puja and Parana timings.
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This year’s Narasimha Jayanti is on 9th May, which is a Tuesday. According to the standard 24-hour clock, the timings are:
Madhyahna Sankalp Time = 10:15 to 12:51
Narasimha Jayanti Sanyakal Puja Time = 15:27 to 18:03 (Duration = 2 Hours 35 Mins)
On 10th, Parana Time for Narasimha Jayanti = 05:02 Onwards
On Parana Day Chaturdashi would be over before Sunrise
Also, Chaturdashi Tithi Begins around 23:16 on May 8, 2017 and it ends around 01:07 on May 10, 2017.
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