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Nearing the doomsday: Rising sea levels drowning metropolitan cities of the world

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New Delhi: According to a report recently published which looks toward the ice sheets of Antarctica, the alarming rise in the sea levels can be responsible for the drowning of major coastal cities.

The study suggests the aftermath can manifest into an increase of a three feat rise in the sea levels by the end of this century. Though it is reported that the low-lying cites as New York and Hong Kong will be at the downside, the authors are most concerned about metropolises like that of Boston, which are vulnerable to face an over five feet extension of the sea levels at the close of the coming century.

The Climate Change Summit, which has held last year in Paris, had the prominent leaders of the world pledging to cut the carbon greenhouse gas emissions and keeping the surge of global warming under the mark of 2 degrees Celsius.

Unfortunately, Pollard and DeConte in their report write that upon the evaluation of the data, it can be said that the final conclusions are overriding the predictions made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. And apparently, those were considered, till recently as the worst-case scenario affecting our planet.

By 2100, there can be a rise of about two meters upon melting of ice in the poles. Pollard, opines that the probable effects to follow this will be something like the hazardous form of Hurricane Sandy, one which will have the potential to contribute to future flood losses.

Both Pollard and DeCante says that the rise in the sea levels will be accounting to an estimate of nearly 50 meters in Antarctica alone, and all of these will be taking place by 2500. While the latter is of the opinion, as given in an interview, that the global warming will be trapping the coastal cities and the defense mechanisms will be proven to be ineffective then.

Still, the calling of the doomsday can be countered, as stated by DeConte by curtailing the dangerous emissions and keeping the Antarctica, well frozen.

(Inputs from huffingtonpost.com)

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Environment Gets A Helping Hand From Philanthropists

The Paris climate agreement, adopted by almost 200 nations in 2015, set a goal of limiting warming to "well below" a rise of 2 degrees Celsius.

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Scattered trees dot the once densely forested land, seen from an airplane, in South Sudan. VOA

Leading philanthropists pledged hundreds of millions of dollars to rescue shrinking tropical forests that suck heat-trapping carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, on the eve of a global climate change summit in San Francisco.

Nine foundations announced the $459 million commitment, to be delivered over the next four years, a day ahead of the Global Climate Action Summit, which is expected to draw about 4,500 delegates from city and regional governments.

“While the world heats up, many of our governments have been slow — slow to act. And so we in philanthropy must step up,” Darren Walker, president of the Ford Foundation, told journalists at an event announcing the pledge.

The commitment roughly doubles the funds the groups currently dedicate to forest protection, said David Kaimowitz, a director at the Ford Foundation, one of the donors.

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The Lonar Lake is an exceptional ‘bowl of biodiversity’ and a wildlife sanctuary. Wikimedia Commons

Charlotte Streck, director of Amsterdam-based think tank Climate Focus, said the size of the commitment makes the groups major players in supporting anti-deforestation programs.

Norway has led donor efforts by pledging up to $500 million a year to help tropical nations protect their forests, Streck said.

But the new money committed by foundations could prove more “flexible and nimble” than money from governments, she said.

“The money that has been pledged by the governments like Norway and Germany, the UK, sits mostly in trust funds with the World Bank and the U.N. and it doesn’t get out so quickly,” she said.

Often “there is $20,000 missing here or $50,000 missing here, just to do one thing or develop one study or work with one person or have one consultation — and that the foundations can do,” Streck said.

Other groups that are part of the new initiative include the MacArthur Foundation and The Rockefeller Foundation.

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Climate Change Fuels California Fires. Flickr

Help for indigenous people

Funds will mostly assist indigenous people who are forest dwellers, including by helping them secure titles to land they live on so it cannot be sold to private companies without their agreement, said Walker.

“Companies come to our village, our forests and say: ‘You have to leave because I have the license from the government,'” said Rukka Sombolinggi, who heads the Indonesia-based Indigenous People’s Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN).

The world loses the equivalent of 50 soccer fields’ worth of forest every minute, organizers said.

Yet forests absorb a third of the annual planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions produced — and those emissions need to be slashed substantially more to meet the goals set in the Paris agreement.

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The Mangroves of Sunderbans Forests. Wikimedia

The Paris climate agreement, adopted by almost 200 nations in 2015, set a goal of limiting warming to “well below” a rise of 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times while “pursuing efforts” for the tougher goal of 1.5 degrees C.

Also Read: IWC Shuts Down A Proposal To Create a Sanctuary For South Atlantic Whales

The three-day Global Climate Action Summit was organized by Californian authorities and the United Nations to support the leadership of mayors, governors and other sub-national authorities in curbing climate change. (VOA)