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Netaji files: Is Bengal Govt withholding some more information?

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Kolkata: The West Bengal government has declassified 64 secret files it had on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose but researchers claim that some more might have been “withheld” and have not come out.

The Mamata Banerjee government on Friday put in public domain 64 files on Netaji that were with the state home department. However, researcher and author Anuj Dhar claims the existence of more such files with the chief minister’s office (CMO).

credit: www.totaltv.in
credit: www.totaltv.in

Dhar, who was the first to reveal the existence of 64 files that were sent by the Bengal government to the Justice M.K. Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry probing Netaji’s disappearance, says his efforts to seek information about Netaji files with the CMO were stonewalled.

“The 64 files that have been declassified were with the state home department and were sent for the Mukherjee Commission to examine. But there are at least six more files containing crucial information with the CMO,” Dhar, the author of “India’s Biggest Cover-Up”, told IANS.

His efforts to seek information through RTI about the number of classified files on Netaji in possession of the state government including the CMO did not yield any result.

“The CMO clearly sidestepped my application. I got only a half reply to my RTI query stating that the CMO did not have any file on Netaji disappearance. Incidentally, my query was about all classified files on Netaji and not particularly about his disappearance,” said Dhar.

Another researcher Jayanta Chowdhury, who deposed before the Mukherjee Commission, claimed that the 64 files declassified on Friday do not contain at least 12 files that were examined by the commission which in 2006 had concluded that Bose did not die in the alleged air crash in 1945 in Taiwan.

“Tallying the list of files given by the Mukherjee Commission with that with the declassified files, I have found several anomalies. It appears that that at least 12 files that were examined by the Commission are not among the 64 files that have been declassified,” Chowdhury told IANS, adding the “missing” files dealt with intelligence gathering on Netaji and other INA personalities.

“There are several files and documents that are not only missing but some of the documents that have been declassified do not find a mention in the Mukherjee Commission list.”

Among the documents that were not sent to the commission includes a file on Netaji’s nephew Sisir Kumar Bose containing details of intercepted letters, while Chowdhury also noted the “mysterious disappearance” of a letter by Sisir Kumar Bose written to Netaji’s wife Emilie Schenkl posted on June 16, 1953 and intercepted July 2, 1953.

“There is a note giving details about the interception of the letter that a copy was kept and its contents forwarded to various intelligence officers but the letter itself is missing from the files,” said Chowdhury.

Though he did not rule possibility of some documents still remaining classified, Netaji’s grandnephew Chandra Kumar Bose said the Banerjee government has no reason to withhold any files.

“We have no reasons to doubt the chief minister’s claims that all files in possession of her government have been declassified. But the possibility of files being either destroyed or taken away by the centre cannot be ruled out,” Bose told IANS, noting the UPA had rejected the Mukherjee Commission findings and there was possibility of the Congress playing “dirty tricks”.

Another researcher and Mukherjee Commission deponent Purabi Roy too did not rule out the possibility of files being withheld.

“But, whether they are now lying with the centre, or they are with the existing state government, that only the authorities know,” Roy told IANS.

The researchers, though concurred that the answers to all these questions can be answered if and when the Narendra Modi government declassifies nearly 130 secret files on Netaji said to be in possession of various departments.

The prime minister on Sunday said he will be meeting 50 Bose family members and researchers in October.

The Bose family members would also seek Modi’s intervention in getting Russian and British governments for declassifying similar files said to be in the possession of their respective spy agencies.

(IANS)

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10 Must Know Facts About Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose was a true legend in every essence and one of the most decorated freedom fighters who ever fought for incredible India.

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Subhas Chandra Bose views on attaining freedom were very much different from other Congress leaders. Wikimedia Commons
Subhas Chandra Bose views on attaining freedom were very much different from other Congress leaders. Wikimedia Commons
  • Subhas Chandra Bose was a true patriot and a man of principle who left no stone unturned to bring independence to India
  • Subhas graduated with Bachelors of Arts from the University of Calcutta
  • Subhas Chandra Bose never complied with the thoughts of Gandhi

NEW DELHI: A true Indian can never forget the very famous slogan of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, “You give me blood, and I’ll give you Freedom”. His words immediately sparked the zeal of patriotism in the hearts of many Indians during the independence struggle. Even today these words are as inspiring as they were at that time. Subhas Chandra Bose was a true patriot and a man of principle who left no stone unturned to bring independence to India.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Orissa, Bengal division. He is considered as one of the most esteemed freedom fighters of India who was the mastermind behind raising the Azad Hind Fauj. This force was created to fight the British people and was the first Indian armed force. Subhas Chandra Bose was a true legend in every essence and one of the most decorated freedom fighters who ever fought for incredible India.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Orissa, Bengal division. Wikimedia Commons
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Orissa, Bengal division. Wikimedia Commons

He was the ninth member of a family of 14. In January 1902, Subhas Chandra Bose joined Protestant European school. Due to his extreme brilliance and skills, Subhas Chandra Bose was admired by his principal. Subhas graduated with Bachelors of Arts from the University of Calcutta. After that, he left India in 1919 and promised his father that he will be taking Indian Civil services examination.

Also Read: 10 Facts You Need To Know About Homi Bhabha

On 19 November 1919, he matriculated from Cambridge and stood fourth overall but he didn’t pursue his job over there as he didn’t want to work under the British. Thereafter, in 1921, he gave up his dream of civil services and returned to India. Two years down the lane, Subhas Chandra Bose was elected as the president of all India youth congress and under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das. During that time only, he was also selected as the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation.

He staged many campaigns against the atrocities of British rule in India and got arrested in a roundup of nationalists. After he got released from the prison, he came in contact with Jawaharlal Nehru and started working for the independence struggle. He even wrote a book named, ‘The Indian Struggle’ which was published in 1935. His book was based on the facts that he witnessed personally and the painful experiences of his fellow freedom fighters.

Related imageAfter he got released from the prison, he came in contact with Jawaharlal Nehru and started working for the independence struggle. Wikimedia Commons
After he got released from the prison, he came in contact with Jawaharlal Nehru and started working for the independence struggle. Wikimedia Commons

He was also elected as the mayor of Calcutta in 1930. He later on accepted for the Nomination of the president of India.

 

Take a look at some of the astonishing facts related to Subhas Chandra Bose.
1. Earlier in his career, Subhas Chandra Bose was the leader of the radical wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s. After taking a note of his efforts, he was elected as the Congress President in 1938 and 1939. But due to some differences with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and the Congress high command, he has been expelled from Congress leadership positions in the very same year. Subhas Chandra Bose openly criticized Congress’ foreign and internal policies.

Also Read: 15 Facts To Know About Arnab Goswami and Republic TV

2. Being a hardcore freedom fighter, Subhas Chandra Bose came under direct threat of British government. Between 1921and 1941, he was imprisoned eleven times for his fight for complete independence.
3. Subhas Chandra Bose never complied with the thoughts of Gandhi. He believed that the tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and rather advocated violent resistance to secure the nation.

4. To fuel the spirit of independence, Subhas Chandra Bose visited many countries Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. He requested all the country leaders to allow their alliance for securing India’s independence. It initiated his move at the outset of the Second World War and during that time, most of the nations were building their military might. Finally, with the assistance from Imperial Japan, Subhas Chandra Bose raised Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA). Japan offered monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance to the force. Later, the Azad Hind Fauj was stationed at Andaman and Nicobar Islands and then travelled all the way to Manipur in India.

5. On August 23, 2007, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe personally visited the Subhas Chandra Bose memorial hall in Kolkata and later met his family members also. Prime Minister Abe quoted, “, “The Japanese are deeply moved by Bose’s strong will to have led the Indian independence movement from British rule.”

Subhas Chandra Bose was elected as the president of all India youth congress and under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das. Wikimedia Commons
Subhas Chandra Bose was elected as the president of all India youth congress and under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das. Wikimedia Commons

6. Subhas Chandra Bose was successful in establishing the Azad Hind Radio station in Germany and thus stoked up the Indian nationalist movement in East Asia.

Also Read: 10 must-know facts about Anand Mahindra

7. Subhas Chandra Bose was very much inspired by Bhagavad Gita and drew a lot of inspiration from it. He was also very much moved by Swami Vivekananda and his teaching on universal brotherhood, his nationalist thoughts and his emphasis on social service and much other reform.

8. Subhas Chandra Bose views on attaining freedom were very much different from other leaders. Congress wanted to gain independence through phases of a dominion status, whereas he stressed upon complete freedom. For his will to fight for his country, he was considered as a true patriot even by some of his rivals. He just wanted freedom for his nation and he didn’t mind going to anyone for assistance.

9. After successfully clearing his Indian Civil Services examination, Subhash Chandra Bose refused to obey the custom of carrying his umbrella while meeting the Governor General at his office. He never tolerated any misbehaviour in his life.

10. Subhash Chandra Bose travelled to Germany while attempting with a daring escape from his house arrest in India. He travelled from Kolkata to Gomo by a car and from there to Peshawar by train. He then went to Kabul and proceeded directly to Germany to seek help from Adolf Hitler for India’s independence. After many attempts, he was able to speak with Hitler.

Subhash Chandra Bose travelled to Germany to seek Adolf Hitler's help. Wikimedia Commons
Subhash Chandra Bose travelled to Germany to seek Adolf Hitler’s help. Wikimedia Commons

Subhas Chandra Bose death still remains a mystery at large. As per the government report, he died in a plane crash on 18 August 1945. But this theory is refuted by many historians and scholars. In the book, “Bose: The Indian Samurai – Netaji and the INA Military Assessment”, Maj Gen G D Bakshi (retd), has pointed out that the above report was made by Japanese intelligence agencies to help Subhas Chandra Bose to make his way to the Soviet Union.

In 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi met the family members of Subhas Chandra Bose and announced the declassification of files related to his life. Later on, 100 secret files were made public by the central government.