Friday October 18, 2019
Home Lead Story New AI-Enable...

New AI-Enabled Software May Translate Thoughts Into Speech

Mesgarani and his team planned to test more complicated words and to run the same tests on brain signals emitted when a person speaks or imagines speaking.

0
//
Artificial Intelligence Bot
Artificial Intelligence Bot. Pixabay

US engineers developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-enabled
system that can translate brain signals into intelligible speech, a breakthrough that may help those who cannot speak to communicate with the outside world.

The study, led by Columbia University researchers, showed that by monitoring one’s brain activity, an AI-enabled technology can reconstruct words a person hears with unprecedented clarity, Xinhua news agency reported.

A team of neuroscientists from the varsity trained a voice synthesiser or vocoder to measure brain activity patterns of epilepsy patients already undergoing surgery while those patients listened to sentences spoken by different people.

AI has the potential to increase India's annual growth.
AI has the potential to increase India’s annual growth. pixabay

Those patients listened to speakers reading digits between zero to nine while recording brain signals via the vocoder.

Then, they used a neural network, a type of artificial intelligence, to analyse the signals, and gave robotic-sounding voices, according to the study published in the journal Scientific Reports.

“We found that people could understand and repeat the sounds about 75 per cent of the time, which is well above and beyond any previous attempts,” said Nima Mesgarani from the varsity.

Artificial intelligence
The study, led by Columbia University researchers, showed that by monitoring one’s brain activity, an AI-enabled technology can reconstruct words a person hears with unprecedented clarity Artificial intelligence, wikimedia

Also Read: JLF Panel Examine The Future Of AI

Previous research showed that when people speak or even imagine speaking, distinct patterns of activity take place in their brain and those pattern of signals also emerge when we listen to someone speak or imagine listening.

Mesgarani and his team planned to test more complicated words and to run the same tests on brain signals emitted when a person speaks or imagines speaking.

Mesgarani called it a “game changer” that may give anyone who has lost their ability to speak a new chance to connect to the outside world. (IANS)

Next Story

AI Can be a Helpful Tool for Government to Deliver Public Services

Case studies in the report highlight how a competitive selection process may spell the way forward to discover and initiate pioneering AI technology in public service delivery

0

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is emerging as a helpful tool for governments in the Asia Pacific region to deliver public services, revealed a new UN-Google report on Wednesday.

The study by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and Google cited case studies highlighting the importance of partnerships between governments and technology firms for the delivery of public services.

Among the case studies that the report mentioned included an AI initiative in India that informs farmers of the best sowing date to increase crop yields.

The state governments in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka teamed up with Microsoft to develop predictive AI services to help smallholder farmers to improve their crop yields and give them greater price control.

Since 2016 three applications have been developed. The report discussed two of these apps — the AI sowing app and the price forecasting model.

Both of the AI applications improved the lives of smallholder farmers in southern India by bridging information gaps and mitigating growing environmental risks. These AI services have the potential to increase crop yields, prices and incomes, the study concluded.

“The best part of the project is that the investment required by the farmers to benefit from the technology is minimal: all they need are a mobile phone capable of receiving text messages and a subscription to the most basic mobile phone services,” said the report.

Clearly, to make a technology accessible and affordable is a crucial step towards technology for inclusiveness.

artificial intelligence, nobel prize
“Artificial intelligence is now one of the fastest-growing areas in all of science and one of the most talked-about topics in society.” VOA

“On the path to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, governments in Asia and the Pacific are urgently pursuing innovative means to deliver effective, efficient and fair public services,” said United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary of ESCAP Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana.

“Frontier technologies such as AI hold promise to reimagine how the public sector can better serve sustainable development needs.”

The report also features insights as well as context-specific recommendations from deployments of AI in a variety of sectors: health, justice, agriculture, environment, insurance and social welfare.

Public-private partnerships will become increasingly important to complement government initiatives with industry knowledge and expertise, said the report.

Also Read: Intel All Set to Acquire Smart Edge Platform from Pivot Technology

Amid the rapid pace of technological development, the report recommends that governments develop frameworks to regulate these partnerships and encourage more public information on AI projects to foster a landscape conducive to informed decision-making on AI partnerships.

Since applying AI in the public sector is still at an early stage of development, setbacks and a trial-and-error process may be inevitable.

Case studies in the report highlight how a competitive selection process may spell the way forward to discover and initiate pioneering AI technology in public service delivery. (IANS)