Sunday December 8, 2019

Older adults have mixed effect because of social support

0
//

Singapore: An Indian origin researcher’s study suggested that social support provided to older adults by family and friends, is not the only postive effect on their mental health but it is mixed blessing.

Assistant professor Rahul Malhotra and Shannon Ang from Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore found that receipt of social support reduced depressive symptoms among older individuals, but at the same time made them feel like they had lost control over their lives.

The study, published recently in the journal Social Science and Medicine, linked this loss of control to increased depressive symptoms among older adults, which counteracted the positive effect of receiving social support.

The researchers analysed data collected from surveys administered to 2,766 older adults aged 62 to 97 who were part of the Panel of Health and Aging in Singaporean Elderly (PHASE).

“While receiving social support may help older people feel a sense of belonging or enhance their relationship closeness with the provider, it can also impact them negatively because it reduces their sense of control over their own lives,” said Ang, a research assistant at Duke-NUS.

Malhotra and Ang suggested that in order for social support to improve the overall mental health of older adults, both care-givers and policy-makers should be aware of both its negative and positive effects.

“Our findings have implications for policy-makers because it points toward the importance of crafting policies and encouraging ways to provide support to older persons that can help them maintain their sense of control over their own lives,” said senior author Malhotra.

“We need to think of ways in which we can help older adults without increasing their sense of dependence,” he added.

The new findings are contrary to the common notion that more social support is always good.

(IANS)

Next Story

Study Says, Flavours Attract Youth and Adults to Use E-Cigarettes

The researchers found that five studies indicates that the non-menthol flavours in e-cigarettes decrease the perception that e-cigarettes are harmful, particularly fruit and candy flavours

1
Flavours
Among youth, Flavours increase not only preferences for e-cigarettes but they also increase e-cigarette product appeal, willingness to use, susceptibility to use and initiation, as well as decrease e-cigarette product harm perceptions. Pixabay

Researchers have found that non-menthol Flavours attract youth and adults to use e-cigarettes and contributes to multiple pathways linked to the higher use among youngsters.

The study published in the British Medical Journal Open, researchers reviewed 51 articles, including 17 published before 2016 and 34 published between 2016 and 2018.

“The use of e-cigarettes among youth may be a gateway to future cigarette use, and nicotine is especially harmful to developing adolescent brains,” said the study’s lead author Hannah Baker from the University of North Carolina.

“These facts, along with biomedical research linking vaping to multiple adverse health effects, make the recent precipitous increase in e-cigarette use among youth particularly alarming,” Baker added.

The researchers found that five studies indicates that the non-menthol flavours in e-cigarettes decrease the perception that e-cigarettes are harmful, particularly fruit and candy flavours.

Six studies indicate that flavours increase the willingness of youth and young adults to try or initiate the use of e-cigarettes. Seven studies showed that the flavours increase product appeal among adults, the study said.

According to the researchers, the five studies revealed that flavours are a primary reason for adults to use e-cigarettes.

Flavours
Researchers have found that non-menthol Flavours attract youth and adults to use e-cigarettes and contributes to multiple pathways linked to the higher use among youngsters. Pixabay

“Consistent evidence shows that flavours attract both youth and adults to use e-cigarettes,” said the study’s researcher Adam Goldstein.

“Given the fact that nicotine is highly addictive and can affect brain development – as well as these clear findings that the impact of flavours on youth is strong and consistent, we believe that banning non-menthol flavours in e-cigarettes will help reduce the epidemic of youth e-cigarette use,” Goldstein said.

ALSO READ: Dine Alone To Cut Your Food Intake And Get in Shape: Study

“Among youth, flavours increase not only preferences for e-cigarettes but they also increase e-cigarette product appeal, willingness to use, susceptibility to use and initiation, as well as decrease e-cigarette product harm perceptions,” Goldstein added. (IANS)

One response to “Study Says, Flavours Attract Youth and Adults to Use E-Cigarettes”

  1. Yes, you dimwit. Why do you think e-cigarettes are TWICE as effective as nicotine gum, nicotine patches, and nicotine lozenges in quitting cigarettes? They also OVER 95% SAFER than tobacco cigarettes. FORCING tens of millions of ex-smokers back onto cigarettes is NOT the answer.

    Yes, use by underage and nonsmokers is NOT appropriate. But that is a COMPLETELY SEPARATE issue. To address this we need to 1) strictly control ALL tobacco and nicotine
    advertising and media, 2) strictly control all; a retailer either needs to sell responsibly or not at all, and 3) limit nicotine content so teenagers stop using JUUL to get high.

    Now bug off and GET A LIFE!