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Pain After Delivery Linked To Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression can lead to lower rates of breastfeeding and poor bonding with the baby.

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woman, autism, postpartum depression
Postpartum depression linked to mother's pain post childbirth Pixabay

The pain experienced by a mother following childbirth, rather than during the labour and delivery process could be linked to postpartum depression, that affect about one in nine women, according to a new study.

Postpartum is depression that occurs after childbirth.

The researchers, from the Harvard University, found that postpartum depression was higher among women who were overweight, suffered from a vaginal opening, had a history of depression, anxiety or chronic pain and whose babies were smaller.

c-section, postpartum depression
Doctors are often tempted to organize C-sections to ease the flow of patients through a maternity clinic. Flickr

Previous studies have demonstrated that postpartum depression was associated with the pain of giving birth.

However, it was not specified which part of the labour process — before, during or after delivery — may be the source of the problem.

“For many years, we have been concerned about how to manage labour pain, but recovery pain after labour and delivery often is overlooked,” said Jie Zhou, Assistant Professor at Harvard University.

For the study, the team reviewed pain scores (from the start of labour to hospital discharge) for 4,327 first-time mothers delivering a single child normally or by C-section.

c-section, postpartum depression
Mothers with postpartum depression especially who have delivered by C-section, demonstrated more pain-related complaints during recovery. Flickr

Mothers with postpartum depression especially who have delivered by C-section, demonstrated more pain-related complaints during recovery and often needed additional pain medication.

“While ibuprofen and similar pain medications are considered adequate for pain control after childbirth, clearly some women need additional help managing pain,” said Zhou.

“We need to do a better job identifying who is at risk for postpartum pain and ensure they have adequate postpartum care.”

c-section, postpartum depression
A newborn, one of 12 babies born by C-section, cries inside an incubator at the Bunda Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia, Dec. 12, 2012. Several hospitals in Indonesia’s main cities performed more cesareans than usual with new mothers hoping a 12-12-12 birth date will bring luck to their newborns. VOA

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), postpartum depression can lead to lower rates of breastfeeding and poor bonding with the baby.

Also Read: Novel Blood Test May Predict Autism Risk In Babies During Pregnancy

Symptoms include extreme sadness, low energy, anxiety, crying episodes, irritability and changes in sleep or eating patterns

The results were presented at Anesthesiology, the Annual Meeting of American Society of Anesthesiologists, at Bay-San Francisco. (IANS)

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Motherhood Teaches Women to Become Comfortable with Their Bodies: Study

However, this association was not found among the 54 per cent of women surveyed who were mothers

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Representational image. Pixabay

Motherhood teaches women to become comfortable with their bodies as they learn to focus on breast functionality as opposed to the aesthetics of breasts and the body, says a new study.

The study, published in the journal Body Image, suggests that perfectionism is related to breast size dissatisfaction, but only in non-mothers.

Of the 484 Italian women surveyed for the study, 69 per cent reported breast size dissatisfaction, with 44 per cent wanting larger breasts.

“There is the fact that becoming a mother naturally results in changes to the appearance of the breasts, particularly in terms of their size,” said study co-author Viren Swami, Professor at Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) in Britain.

“But perhaps the most relevant is that becoming a mother — and particularly the experience of breastfeeding — may focus women’s attention on breast functionality as opposed to focusing on the aesthetics of breasts and the body,” Swami added.

A woman with her new-born child. Wikimedia Commons

Perfectionistic self-presentation — the desire to create an image of flawlessness in the eyes of other people — is known to contribute towards negative body image.

The study found that breast size dissatisfaction was associated with higher levels of two of the three factors behind perfectionistic self-presentation – non-display of imperfection and perfectionistic self-promotion.

Also Read- Like Food, One Constantly Craves New Flavours in Music

However, this association was not found among the 54 per cent of women surveyed who were mothers. This was particularly the case among women who had more than one child.

“Our findings suggest that motherhood may help to decouple the link between perfectionistic self-presentation and breast size dissatisfaction,” Swami said. (IANS)