By Harshmeet Singh
Pakistan military’s announcement regarding the successful tests of their indigenous armed aerial drone is discomforting news for many, including India. Named ‘Burraq’, the all weather laser guided and armed drone missile is capable of hitting targets with ‘pin point accuracy’.
Though the Pakistan army called it an indigenous weapon, reports of China putting forward a helping hand with the drone technology have also surfaced in some media reports. Some of the reasons behind such reports include the strong resemblance of the designs and technology of Pakistan’s drones to China’s CH-3 drones. Notably, India is yet to officially announce its ability to mount weapons on drones.
Reactions to India or Taliban?
Soon after the successful tests, Pakistan was quick to announce that it will deploy these indigenous armed drones to keep a vigil on the growing terrorist activities at the Pakistan Afghanistan border. This announcement was aimed that assuring the world that after the US forces back out of Afghanistan, Pakistan would have the capability of keeping an eye on the notorious elements at the Pakistan Afghanistan border. Ironically enough, Pakistan has been protesting USA’s frequent drone strikes, aimed at taking out the militants from Pakistan’s tribal areas.
Soon after the merciless school attack at Peshwar, the Pakistan military went into an offensive mood, carrying out continuous airstrikes in the country’s tribal areas. Hours before the test’s success was announced, an army statement said that 48 militants were killed in the last 24 hours in the recent airstrikes over the tribal areas.
This was Pakistan’s second major military announcement within a week. Earlier in the week, the military conducted successful tests of Shaheen III medium range ballistic missile which also boasts of a nuclear weapon carrying capacity. With a maximum range of 1,700 miles, this missile is capable of striking nuclear weapons to any part of India. This range also equips Pakistan to hit most parts of Middle East, including Israel and Iran. There are also speculations that Pakistan military could be aggravating the range of Shaheen III in front of the media in order to create panic among its neighbouring and far off enemies.
Over the past couple of years at least, Pakistan has been trying to buy offensive drones from the US, a request which the US has continuously declined out rightly. Pakistan military was successful in testing indigenous surveillance drones in 2013 but couldn’t mount it with offensive weapons due to technical shortcomings.
Arms race with India
A number of experts believe that Pakistan’s recent spree of military weapon tests are a response to India’s growing military budget and might. India’s plans of a missile defence system, up gradation of submarine fleet and successful tests of Agni V (India’s first intercontinental ballistic missile with a range of over 3,100 miles) had certainly given some sleepless nights to Pakistan.
While India has a clearly stated ‘no first use policy’, Pakistan has never adopted any such policy with its nuclear arsenal. Pakistan leaders have always maintained that nuclear weapons would protect them should India decide to invade Pakistan. With Indian army easily outnumbering Pakistan’s in terms of the number of soldiers and sophistication of weapons, Pakistan sees nuclear weapons as its saviour on the doom’s day. Recently released data from the ‘Bulletin of Atomic Scientists’ suggest that Pakistan currently leads India in the number of nuclear weapons. Pakistan currently possesses 120 atomic weapons as compared to India’s 110.
Multiple reports suggest that Pakistan’s scientists are busy working on a missile system which could evade India’s ‘under construction’ missile shield.
The successful tests of Shaheen III and Burraq come just a couple of weeks after Indian foreign secretary Subrahmanyam Jaishankar’s visit to Pakistan where he described his talks with his Pakistani counterpart as “determination to forge a cooperative relationship”.
During the visit, Nawaz Sharif told Jaishankar “Both the countries need to start a new chapter in their relationship by working towards resolving all outstanding issues through dialogue… we must think together, act together and move forward with the spirit of bringing the two nations closer to each other,”. But with Pakistan clearly running on a dual centre of power, Pakistan’s Government would need to do some work to bring their military onboard and speak a common language towards India.