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Paris climate meet reaches draft deal, India’s concerns visible

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Paris: Less than a week into the crucial global climate change conference here, some 196 participating countries on Saturday reached a draft deal which seeks to address one of India’s main demands that rich nations must extend emerging economies both funding and technology so that their clean and green development goals do not entail unfair costs or burden.

The delegates at the 21st Conference of Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, who have been holding deliberations here since November 30 said they have a blueprint that seeks to reduce carbon emissions and limit global warming at a level that will be negotiated next week.

The draft was handed over at the plenary session on Saturday morning, after working through the night before on the fourth such text issued in the past three days. Once the officials come to an understanding, it is expected to be scaled up to the ministerial level for a pact where India will be led by its Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.

The thrust is on a legally-binding deal before the end of this round of negotiations due till December 11.

Significantly, the 48-page draft says developed countries shall provide new and additional financial resources, technology transfer and capacity-building to meet the agreed full costs incurred by developing countries in complying with their obligations. It also says the extent to which emerging economies implement their commitments will depend on rich nations meeting their commitments.

The draft, which has a substantial amount of the text in square brackets — meaning these are either contentious or yet to be negotiated — also proposed to raise $100 billion annually from 2020, recognising the key role that it will play in implementing the final pact in its true spirit.

This is important since the poor and emerging economies want clean and green technology and funding from rich nations to pursue their national interests without harming the environment further, as they hold the industrialised responsible for polluting the earth in the past.

“India is looking at a just and equitable outcome firmly anchored in the UNFCCC. India’s priorities are both mitigation and adaptation and both are equally important. India is strongly supportive of food security. Adaptation in the agriculture sector will ensure food security,” said Susheel Kumar, one of the interlocutors from the Indian side.

This year’s conference, also known as the 2015 Paris Climate Conference, is seeking to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on protecting the environment — for the first time in over 20 years of UN-mandated negotiations — with the aim of keeping global warming below 2 degrees Celsius.

India has articulated that any outcome at the talks must be just.

“Principle of common but differentiated responsibilities should be the bedrock of our collective enterprise. Anything else would be morally wrong,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said when talks began on November 30. “Justice demands that, with what little carbon we can still safely burn, developing countries are allowed to grow.”

At the same time, New Delhi has also proposed some Suo moto commitments. It submitted on October 2 its action plan on climate change, called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, pledging to slash the emission intensity of its economy by 2030 at the 2005 level, while pursuing its own sustainable development agenda.

(IANS)

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Everything You Need To Know About The Skill India Program

Skill India aims to develop those sectors which require skills and skill development.

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Skill India Campaign is aimed at developing skills of Indian Youth. Twitter

By Ruchika Verma

  • Skill India by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi aims to develope skills in Indian youth
  • This campaign will help youth in developing their careers
  • Skill India campaign has many features which makes it distinct and successful

Narendra Modi’s government in its term has launched many programs which aim at improving the economical condition of India. The programs which are aimed at improving employment in India have been moderately successful.

'Skill India' is PM Narendra Modi's another dream project. Wikimedia Commmons
‘Skill India’ is PM Narendra Modi’s another dream project. Wikimedia Commmons

After successful initiatives like ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India‘, the BJP Government launched another program, called ‘Skill India.’ It is another dream project of the prime minister, Narendra Modi, which was launched on 16 July 2015. The project aims to train 40 crore Indians in different skills by 2022.

Here is the list of all the things you need to know about the Skill India Program :

Objective

Main aim of Skill India is to tap the vast potential of India’s indigenous manpower. The goal is to create opportunities and scope for the development of Indian youth.

Skill India aims to develop those sectors which require skills and skill development. The campaign also aims to identify new sectors for skill development. The main focus is to not only develop skills but also to inculcate entrepreneurship in the youth.

Also Read : Skill India Mission: How PM Modi can take forward UPAs work to make skilled India a reality

The aim of developing skills in 40 crores youngsters by 2022 is to be completed by running the campaign in each and every year of India.

There are also many other missions which Narendra Modi launched to fulfill this purpose. These missions are :

Prime minister Kaushal Vikas Yojna is one of the initiative launched under Skill India. Facebook
Prime minister Kaushal Vikas Yojna is one of the initiative launched under Skill India. Facebook
  • National Skill Development Mission
  • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (Prime Minister Skill Development Scheme)
  • Rural India Skill
  • Skill Loan Scheme

Other features of the Skill India campaign are :

  • Skill India provides training and support for all traditional occupations like carpenters, masons, nurses, blacksmiths, tailors, etc.
  • Not only traditional occupation, it also lays emphasis new, modern areas of occupation like  like designing of jewelry and apparel,  banking and investment, finance, real estate, construction, textile, tourism, or any other field where skill development is needed.
  • For this program India has collaborated with countries like U.K. and Japan. This is done so that the training programs would be standerdised as per the international level. It will enable our  youth to meet domestic as well as international needs, if needed.
Skill India campaign has several advantages for youth as well as economy of India.
Skill India campaign has several advantages for youth as well as economy of India.
  • Courses offered under Skill India consider various factors such as age, location, language and financial status, to ensure that the candidate learns all the required skills like communication, management, etc.
  • The course methodology of Skill India is very interesting, interactive and  innovative. It includes games, group discussions, practical experiences, case studies etc.
  • Another important feature of Skill India campaign is the project called, Rural India Skill. It will standardize and certify the training process, as per the International standards.

Advantages of Skill India campaign and what makes it different.

The Sill India campaign has many advantages. It will raise the confidence and productivity of the youth through proper skill development. It will help them get well-reputed blue collar jobs. Soft training given during this course will not only help professionally, but also in personal development. It will also improve entrepreneurship in our country.

Apart from creating job opportunities, this campaign will also help in the growth of Indian industries by providing them with skilled man-power. While improving the lives of the youth,  this campaign will also help in improving India’s economy.

Also Read : Indian Consulate General in Chicago hosts “Make in India” seminar

Skill India aims to empower youth. Twitter
Skill India aims to empower youth. Twitter

What makes this campaign different from the other similar onesin the past is, the new approach. Skill India is not just a campaign, but a movement, as per the P.M. Narendra Modi. This program is also not for a certain strata of society, this program is non-discriminatory and is for every Indian who aspire to improve their skills and career.

Skill India campaign also doesn’t focus on just one type of professional skill, it is for all kinds of professions – be it traditional or modern. The certifying committee is also under a new ministry which will ensure that there no discrepancies.

Skill India campaign till now is running smoothly, benefiting many Indians and their careers. Hopefully, it will continue to run properly and will increase in its effectiveness.