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Paris Summit: PM Modi promotes Indian Green Diplomacy

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi being received on his arrival at Paris to join COP21 Summit, in France on November 29, 2015.

New Delhi: Indian Green Diplomacy was the fervor at the UN as Prime Minister Narendra Modi presented Indian point of view at the UN climate summit. He, along with US President Barack Obama and Chinese premier Xi Jinping, is among the 150 leaders meeting in Paris to promote negotiations for an ambitious climate deal to be discussed in the ongoing UN conference on climate.

Over 175 nations have nominated Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), or pledges, to reduce their carbon emissions which, if applied, would possibly constrain global warming to 2.7°C by the end of the century. The limit set by the pledging countries is higher than the goal set by UN for keeping the temperature rise under control.

Before leaving for Paris, Modi recommended people that saving energy was an important measure to keep a tab on climate change.

“Climate change, global warming are issues of discussion and concern,” said Modi in his monthly programme Mann ki Baat.

“Energy conservation is the first solution to stop rising temperature. This is everyone’s responsibility.”

With plans to tackle global warming for 2030 on the table, representatives from approximately 200 nations would target to settle an advanced deal that would lead the world on a low-carbon growth path.

Modi, present at the UN conference, emphasized, “We will clean rivers and create smart cities. We are replacing diesel with clean energy, and building 50 new metro railways”.

He pointed out that India will have 175GW of renewables by 2022, and have imposed levies on coal and rationalize subsidies on petroleum products. Speaking on the issue of lifestyle, the PM stressed on the fact that “the lifestyles of a few must not crowd out opportunities for the many still on first steps of the development ladder.”

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Rich nations must pay back their debt on climate change: Javadekar


Paris: India is here to ensure that rich countries pay back their debt for the overdraft they have drawn on the carbon space, Minister of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar said on Sunday.

He said the developing countries could not let the ongoing UN conference, attended by over 195 countries, fail to reach its objectives.

Javadekar, who came to Paris on Saturday for a second time after having attended the opening plenary when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was here with over 150 heads of state or government on November 30, said that for India it was a “question of present and future lives of our 1.27 billion people with aspiration to develop”.

The climate change meeting, or 21st Conference of Parties (CoP21) as it is called, goes into its crucial second week, after the heads of state and governments aimed to give it a push in the first week to arrive at a consensus on limiting the global climate temperature remain under 2 degrees centigrade, which otherwise, the UN says, will lead to several catastrophic events.

The larger issue being grappled is how to make the rich countries pay $100 billion every year starting with 2020, to help the developing countries cope with and plan ahead for the global warming.

So far, only around $10 billion has been pledged since 2009 in CoP15 when the green fund was launched with much fanfare.

Javadekar said ahead of the high-level segment of the conference when bureaucrats and ministers from the attending countries will jostle to arrive at common ground that India was also determined “not to make Paris Summit like pass summits where we all returned home with false optimism and fictitious hopes”.

A draft agreement of sorts on climate change is being circulated here, taking into account India’s concerns, but it’s by no means certain that this would be acceptable to all the countries, including the developed countries.

Javadekar praised the French presidency “which has done a monumental job in the last one year to build political momentum”, saying India was ready and committed to work with it to achieve the desired goals.

He also said that India was here to ensure that the seminal principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR)’ was respected.

The CBDR principle reiterated at several climate change conferences says that developed and developing countries have different responsibilities in rectifying the wrongs of the past. The West is called upon to contribute with money and technology to cope with the rising temperatures.

This is said to be based on “polluter pays” principle since the developed countries had emitted large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in their search of growth, leading to the heating up of the planet. CO2 is a byproduct of fossil fuels which, allowed most countries to develop rapidly.

The minister also reiterated that all the agreements should be under the aegis of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. “The UNFCCC is a global climate constitution. It’s fundamental. Any attempt to rewrite or to overwrite will not be acceptable to anyone.”

Javadekar said the collective decision “should be based on science, CBDR and collective conscience”.

(Inputs from IANS)

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