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Pentaquark : A breakthrough discovery after 55 years

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

Pentaquark, the world’s most powerful particle smasher – whose existence had been clandestine since 1960’s has been finally discovered by the scientists at Large Hardon Collider in Switzerland on Tuesday.

Physicists conceded its existence since the 1960’s but they failed in detecting the same until the recent discovery.

Considered as a powerful particle smasher, Pentaquark comes second after the discovery of Higgs Boson – which confers mass – by LHC in the year 2012.

Image from CERN
Image from CERN

According to LHCb spokesman Guy Wilkinson, the Pentaquark represents a way to blend quarks, which includes sub-atomic particles that make up protons and neutrons in a pattern that hasn’t been observed yet in a stint of 50 years of experimentation.

Reading into its properties would also allow scientists to understand how ordinary matter – which includes protons and neutrons – is constituted, he added.

After a two – year upgrade, LHC has got back on its feet, with scientists paving a new era in their quest to unearth more mysteries of the universe.

The LHCb – one of the four experiments – is focused on understanding the differences between matter and anti-matter.

According to CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research), one’s understanding of the structure of matter was given a new light in the year 1964 when American physicist Murray Gell – Mann – a Nobel Prize Winner – proposed that a category of particles known as baryons are comprised of three fractionally charged objects called quarks.

The Nobel laureate had further proposed another category of particles known as mesons – comprised of quark-anti-quark pairs. His model provided space for the existence of other quark combinations such as Pentaquarks, which are formed of four quarks and an anti-quark; however there was no evidence to prove the existence of Pentaquarks.

The LHCb experiment has introduced scientists to varied ways in which they can understand and study Pentaquarks, which wasn’t possible till now, CERN added.

The recent findings have been submitted to the Physical Review Journal.

The next stage of the research will focus on studying how the quarks are bound together within the Pentaquarks, the nuclear laboratory.

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If you are a Foodie, Check out the Best Food Festivals in the World!

Food-fanatics, always engaged in a quest for mouth-watering delicacies, can check out these renowned food festivals in the world

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Food festivals in the world, food items
Food items in food festival. Pixabay

June 14, 2017: There might be some good news for the gourmands around the globe. Food-fanatics, always engaged in a quest for mouth-watering delicacies, can check out the renowned food festivals in the world, to satisfy both their tongues and the tummies.

Here is a List that will make you make your tummy happy-

Wildfoods Festival at Hokitika in New Zealand

Celebrated in mid-march on the west-coast of the southern island of New Zealand, in the peaceful city of Hokitika, the Wildfoods Festival is a special food fest as it sees people gorging into things that they never imagined could be cooked into meals.

ALSO READ: Obsession with the term ‘food Porn’ : How it has become an Industry on Social Media!

The Onion Market at Bern of Switzerland

Considered to be the biggest folk-festival in the capital calendar of Switzerland, the celebrations for the Onion Market officially begins at 6 in the morning. Although people can smell the tantalizing aroma when the first onion soup starts boiling, long before 6 am.

Salon de Chocolate at Quito in Ecuador

The only chocolate festival in the world and that also a grand one, is Salon de Chocolate, celebrated with pomp and vigor on mid-June in Ecuador. The most favorite activity in the celebration, is the chocolate sculpture contest.

It should be noted that Ecuador is famed for producing more amount of quality chocolate than any other country in the globe, and this festival is surely a proud occasion marking the celebration of chocolates.

Blue Food Festival in Bloody Bay of Tobago

Blue Food Festival is celebrated in Bloody Bay, the coastal village on the Caribbean island of Tobago.

It has been 18 years since the beginning of the festival which focuses on food items made of a root plant of the taro variety called Dasheen, and the name of the festival is coined from the item itself.

There are limbo dancing, live music, and stalls of rum included in the varied activities of the celebration and that makes the festival even more vibrant.

Pizzafest at Naples in Italy

Pizzafest is the paradise for every pizza-lover in the world. During the celebration the Lungomare Caracciolo area of Napoli transforms into a pizza village, welcoming about 500,000 visitors, consuming about 100,000 pizzas of every kind.

The main attraction of the festival is the pizza making championship. The pizzerias serve the 50+ historic versions of pizzas, with classics like Napolitana, Marinara, and Margherita.

Drooling yet? So, what are you waiting for! Pack your bags and head for the lip-smacking food items waiting for you in the best food festivals around the world. Bon Apetit!

– by Antara Kumar of NewsGram. Twitter: @ElaanaC 

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