Tuesday June 18, 2019
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Pentaquark : A breakthrough discovery after 55 years

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Image from CERN

By NewsGram Staff Writer

Pentaquark, the world’s most powerful particle smasher – whose existence had been clandestine since 1960’s has been finally discovered by the scientists at Large Hardon Collider in Switzerland on Tuesday.

Physicists conceded its existence since the 1960’s but they failed in detecting the same until the recent discovery.

Considered as a powerful particle smasher, Pentaquark comes second after the discovery of Higgs Boson – which confers mass – by LHC in the year 2012.

Image from CERN
Image from CERN

According to LHCb spokesman Guy Wilkinson, the Pentaquark represents a way to blend quarks, which includes sub-atomic particles that make up protons and neutrons in a pattern that hasn’t been observed yet in a stint of 50 years of experimentation.

Reading into its properties would also allow scientists to understand how ordinary matter – which includes protons and neutrons – is constituted, he added.

After a two – year upgrade, LHC has got back on its feet, with scientists paving a new era in their quest to unearth more mysteries of the universe.

The LHCb – one of the four experiments – is focused on understanding the differences between matter and anti-matter.

According to CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research), one’s understanding of the structure of matter was given a new light in the year 1964 when American physicist Murray Gell – Mann – a Nobel Prize Winner – proposed that a category of particles known as baryons are comprised of three fractionally charged objects called quarks.

The Nobel laureate had further proposed another category of particles known as mesons – comprised of quark-anti-quark pairs. His model provided space for the existence of other quark combinations such as Pentaquarks, which are formed of four quarks and an anti-quark; however there was no evidence to prove the existence of Pentaquarks.

The LHCb experiment has introduced scientists to varied ways in which they can understand and study Pentaquarks, which wasn’t possible till now, CERN added.

The recent findings have been submitted to the Physical Review Journal.

The next stage of the research will focus on studying how the quarks are bound together within the Pentaquarks, the nuclear laboratory.

Next Story

Facebook Building its Cryptocurrency in Switzerland: Report

Facebook has over 2.38 billion users globally and launching cryptocurrency will allow them make payments using a virtual currency like Bitcoin

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facebook
FILE - A 3D printed Facebook logo is seen in front of a displayed Russian flag in this photo illustration, Aug. 3, 2018. VOA

Giving its cryptocurrency dream a firm beginning, Facebook has reportedly set up a company called Libra Networks in Switzerland that is developing payments and Blockchain systems for the social networking giant.

According to a report in CNET quoting Swiss publication Handelszeitung, the Facebook cyrptocurrency would be tied to the US dollar and could, therefore, remain stable unlike Bitcoin which has crashed.

“Facebook set up Libra Networks in Geneva several weeks ago. Libra is the social network’s internal project name for the digital currency,” the report said late on Saturday.

The Swiss company would focus on developing the software and hardware for currency-related functions like payments, Blockchain, analytics, big data and identity management.

Facebook declined to comment on the new report.

According to a report in The Wall Street Journal earlier this month, the social media giant is “recruiting dozens of financial firms and online merchants” towards its cryptocurrency-based system that would use a digital coin similar to Bitcoin.

virtual currencies, bitcoin, investors
Bitcoin.com buttons are seen displayed on the floor of the Consensus 2018 blockchain technology conference in New York City, New York. VOA

The New York Times reported in February that Facebook had a team of 50 people working on its virtual currency project.

“Like many other companies, Facebook is exploring ways to leverage the power of Blockchain technology,” Facebook had insisted.

In a public interview with Harvard Law professor Jonathan Zittrain in February, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said he is “potentially interested” in putting the Facebook login on the Blockchain technology.

Also Read- Chinese Shout ‘Boycott Apple’ as US Goes After Huawei

“I’m thinking about going back to decentralised or Blockchain authentication. Although I haven’t figured out a way to make this work out but this is around authentication and basically granting access to your information and to different services,” Zuckerberg told Zittrain.

According to Zuckerberg, Blockchain could give users more powers when granting data access to third-party apps.

Facebook has over 2.38 billion users globally and launching cryptocurrency will allow them make payments using a virtual currency like Bitcoin. (IANS)