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By Tania Bhattacharya
One of my neighbors at Jamshedpur, the city where I was raised, was a Chinese immigrant family. On Chinese New Years, magnificent lamps shaped into exotic dragons and other beings would greet us outside their house, and string crackers with a couple of hundreds attached to them would unleash their fury on our ears, announcing the arrival of whichever animal the year represented. The kids were educated at St. Loyola, the male subsidiary of my grade school, Sacred Heart Convent. There were three sons and a daughter, all but one, excellent in the academics. Their daughter is an alumnus of Sacred Heart. Being third generation Chinese-Indians, and growing up in the state of Bihar (South Bihar where Jamshedpur is located, later became the state of Jharkhand), all four children, as well as their parents, were fluent in Hindi, right down to the expletives. They spoke in beautiful English, and Chinese, as well, even picked up some Bangla from their bevy of Bengali neighbors. Like so many Chinese septuagenarians, the original, first-generation immigrants, their grandparents, spoke little of any of the Indian languages but loved this country just as much. Back then, I had only heard of Lata Mangeshkar’s tearful “Ae mere watan ke logon, zara aankh mein bhar lo pani, jo shaheed huen hain unki, zara yaad karo qurbani”, a famous Bollywood song that had evoked much patriotism from the public, after our 1962 debacle. It was later that I became aware of the events of 1962, the watershed year for India’s Defence institutions.
Myths perpetuated by ruling oligarchies, by our seniors and peers, often make lasting impressions on one’s mind. That was my case as far as 1962 was concerned. For what I cared, it was the righteous republic of India, that had fought with its back to the wall, defending its territory, while the aggressors, represented by China, had opened the floodgates to the conflict, stabbing us and shredding Nehru’s ‘Hindi-Chini Bhai Bhai’ proffer to shreds. Mowing down Indian soldiers at the Indo-China border they had then seized what is today, Aksai Chin, and carried away the collective Indian pride, as the spoils of war. Ever since this narrative embedded itself in my psyche, I have had a love-hate relationship, with the Asian Tiger to our North.
In early 2014, a damning report created soon after the Sino-Indian war, but immediately classified by the ruling Congress government as ‘seditious’, was made partially available to readers. Neville Maxwell, an Australian journalist, released some portions of it on the internet. Known as the Henderson-Brooks Report, the document floated out after five decades of incarceration, ready to challenge the perspicacity of conscientious Indians. The rug had been rolled back, and a new appraisal of the traditional narrative of 1962, was beckoning.
For someone weaned on the received history of India’s only, and greatest military defeat in post-colonial times, the Henderson-Brooks Report was a detoxification of years of pedagogy, cultural symbolism, and assuaged discontent. It wasn’t China that had initiated the conflict. It was India, under Nehru. Advice to do so had come from Nehru’s arrogant and domineering sidekick, V Krishna Menon. The decision to open fire first had been India’s. Our troops at the Sino-Indian border had been acting on the orders of the Nehru-Menon intelligentsia. What followed was a sound drubbing by China of our army, that was already crippled from the biting cold of the Himalayas, and deprived of essential rations. It is in times of crises that one realizes who their friends truly are. When the Nehru government approached the United States for help, we were told by NATO to shift our Soviet-NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) allegiance to the Western-Capitalist camp, which was promptly denied. It seems NATO had a change of heart in the end and did funnel the necessary equipment over to us, but perhaps in the hope, that if India won, she would quit being such an insular Socialist administration.
Xinjiang, a province in the northern Himalayas, claimed by successive Maharajas of Kashmir, and the Nehru ruled Indian National Congress at the centre, to be Indian territory, had never before been populated by Indians. Not a single Indian soul either in ancient, medieval, or modern times, had inhabited the torturous, desert terrain, which looks almost barren of any life. On the other hand, the area was host to the Xinjiang pass, a land route linking two major Chinese provinces. Since times of yore, China had used the link. Coming across this barrage of information over a slice of history that had forced my generation into a time warp, was phenomenal! It wasn’t the Chinese after all! They had merely reclaimed what was rightfully theirs, by inflicting a humiliating defeat on us. It was a facepalm moment. I wish that was all I had to deal with. But it is from here on, that the situation snowballed; inside the defeated nation, smoldering from an ego in pieces.
Of all the suppressed incidents of the ethnic conflagration that Eastern India has had to suffer, perhaps one needs to be taken note of, the most. There had been Nellie in 1983, with its toll on unsuspecting Muslim lives. There has been the repeated persecution of Hindus and Buddhists by militia groups in the North East, notably by the NLFT (National Liberation Front of Tripura) in more recent times. But the victims in both cases were South Asians. The community I am going to talk about now, were not. They were East Asians that had made India their home, beginning with the eighteenth (18th) century. They are our very own Hakka Chinese, proprietors and inventors of India’s favorite foreign, fusion cuisine.
The Defence of India Act was passed in the December of 1962. There is little guessing whether it had national security at heart, or hostile finger-wagging at the Hakka Chinese who our government suspected of treachery. Even if the Chinese Indians did feel drawn by instinct and their belly buttons to support their ancestral homeland, they were not showing it, because certain businessmen from the community made massive donations toward the Indian war effort and condemned China. Condemned their land of descent, despite knowing that Xinjiang had always been used by their people back home and never by Indians. But the Defence of India Act was out for revenge. Pursuing the draconian, nuanced missive, Hakka Chinese residents at India’s only China Town, located at Tangra in Kolkata (then Calcutta), were rounded up, shoved into trucks, and send off to internment camps in faraway Deoli, Rajasthan. Recent revelations show that the total number of sufferers had been more than ten thousand (10,000). Chinese-Indians of all ages were made to leave. Many merely had time to lock their homes and shops. Most others didn’t. None of them were permitted to carry any goods, perishable or otherwise, except for the clothes on their backs. Pregnant women, toddlers, infants, the sick, and the elderly, without distinction, were herded out to the hot desert to experience goodness only knows what chastisement. Families were torn apart, upon parents being separated from their children. After Calcutta, it was the turn of Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Jamshedpur, Shillong, and Mumbai. Wherever Chinese-Indians had a presence and could be sniffed out, the trucks of misery would come for them, rapidly.
During the long journey by road, there was a scarcity of food and water. And this is where the synopsis feels heavy. Many of them died from mere starvation and dehydration along the way. It wasn’t that food and water wasn’t available, it was simply that they were denied any. In the end, some of them protested well enough to the guards in the trucks, for rations to be made available to them. When the food arrived, they found it to be stale, nauseating, and diarrhea-inducing. But it was all they were allowed to consume. Finally, the journey came to an end one day. That day, looming ahead of them, were the silent prison walls of Deoli.
Imagine living in a desert where day temperatures scald your skin, and night temperatures give you hypothermia! This is not what the general Indian is used to, forget our Chinese citizens! Deoli internment camps do not offer protection from the alternating heat and cold, something which initially claimed the lives of a good number of its Chinese-Indian residents. Many families welcomed new members born with a bleak foreseeable future and no access to either healthcare or an education. Had it not been for the resolve inherent in the Chinese, the years at Deoli may have been utterly lost to fate. That was not to be. Insurmountable as the situation may have seemed, the new Deoli interns managed to persuade the administration to aid them with raw rations, firewood, and a small allowance. They build shutters for the windows and scant furniture for their prison interiors, with their own hands. Amusement was limited to catching glimpses of Bollywood’s maudlin flicks loaded with exaggerated body language, music, and dance, that too only visible on the TV sets in the guards’ quarters.
Finally, in 1965, orders were passed for their release. But not for all of them. The release was in a trickle, where the impounding had been a flow. Batch by batch, Chinese-Indian citizens were freed and transported back to the places they had been unduly arraigned at. The last ones were allowed to make their way home two years later, in the middle of 1967. But if you thought that ‘All is well that ends well’ and it is time to break into an applause, you haven’t heard the last of it. After making their way back, they found themselves without any moorings. Their homes had long been wrested by the locals, and businesses and garages, confiscated for either personal or public use. It may have broken their backs at last, because the state of their erstwhile properties made many Chinese-Indians emigrate back to their homeland. Those who remained had to start from scratch, selling Momos, Chowmein, and Moon Cakes at traffic intersections and by the roads. Others took up blue collar jobs as maids, drivers, factory laborers and waiters. What I find incredible in this narrative of resilience, is the sheer gumption employed, and the audacity in hanging on. India had taken away the last ounce of their dignity, but they still had faith in her.
Chinese-Indians and China have long awaited a formal apology from the Indian government. That a community so easily offended and sensitized over the ficklest of issues, should feel no qualms in destroying the lives of thousands of faithful immigrants and not bat an eye, is inconceivable. We like to claim descent from the Indus Valley inhabitants. Our hearts pound faster at the sounds of hymns from our Classical Literature which preaches ‘Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam’ (The World Is One Family). But with the mistreatment of our Chinese citizens, we may have put the most seasoned xenophobe to shame, for where they would have deported their victims; we traumatized them for no fault of theirs and made them languish in despicable conditions for years. Does it behoove us? When freedom did arrive, our feckless authorities left them staring into a future of poverty and homelessness.
Since then, many of them have emigrated to greener pastures, mostly in the New World.
Even today, decades after 1962, Chinese Indians are not allowed to become citizens of their adopted homeland, which they continue to serve faithfully, in many ways.
December 2017, marked the fifty-fifth (55th) anniversary of the creation of the draconian Defence of India Act and the subsequent unlawful internment of this country’s Chinese-Indian citizens. India owes it to herself, to her ancient ethos of brotherhood, and her legacy of absorbing international asylum seekers she has made her own, to bow to the Dragon worshippers, take cognizance of an interrupted history and apologize wholeheartedly.
Kishu Inu and Dogelon Mars are some of the more popular canine coins in recent months. Their popularity is demonstrated by the vast amount of trading volume that these cryptocurrencies receive.
At the time of writing, Kishu Inu has a trading volume exceeding $10 million and Dogelon Mars has an even larger trading volume that surpasses $30 million.
An interesting difference between the two canine cryptos is that Dogelon Mars actually has no White Paper; its tokenomics are available in the frequently asked question (FAQ) section of their website.
HUH Token is a new exciting cryptocurrency that has just released its White Paper for the public to examine. HUH Token is still in presale, but the window to become a holder before any potential price increase is quickly disappearing.
HUH Token has introduced an incentive for those who are contemplating joining their growing community. Those who purchase HUH Token during the presale will receive 25% more tokens than if they bought afterwards.
This amount is increased to 35% if that deposit is worth more than $1000, an exciting opportunity to accumulate tokens ahead of the curve.
Dogelon Mars, while unconventionally, has released its tokenomic information in its FAQs. The total supply of Dogelon Mars is one quadrillion. Upon release, they had burned 50% of their tokens in a wallet dedicated to Vitalik Buterin to ensure fair distribution. The remaining 50% was provided as liquidity on Ether and Uniswap. The idea was to provide the community with the resources to help those who have been victims of rug pulls and scams.
Kishu Inu did release a full White Paper and their information is available to everyone. In their white paper, they outline their project and what they would like to accomplish moving forward. Their three fundamental principles included are transparency and community, trust and longevity.
Kishu Inu has a maximum supply of 100 quadrillion, and the amount is very high so that their holders can benefit from their reward system. Kishu Inu grants 2% of each transaction made to all Kishu Inu wallet holders. The higher the trading volume, the more rewards are disbursed.
Also Read: Use These Tools to Calculate Your Crypto Tax
HUH Token have only recently released their whitepaper, and many who have been excited to see the project develop will be taking a close look. HUH Token have coined the term ‘Utimeme’ as a way to describe their token, taking both aspects from a meme and utility token. HUH Token utilises a compound growth effect for those who hold onto their crypto.
Much like Kishu Inu in their whitepaper, the more trade volume that involves HUH Token the more of the token will be redistributed to all HUH Token wallets. The amount depends on the amount of HUH Token someone owns. Therefore if someone owns 0.5% of the supply, then 0.5% of HUH rewards will be reflected into their account. This ensures that fair distribution is achieved as the reward reflects the amount of faith placed in the project.
Additionally, HUH Token are introducing their own social platform. It will be known as MetHUH, and users can generate sentiment tokens that can then be traded for HUH Tokens. Individuals will sign up as either an influencer or as a user.
Influencers will post content and users will interact with that content. A wallet must be connected in order to claim tokens and rewards. The White Paper contains a vast amount of information regarding MetHUH, and it is encouraged that those wanting to become a part of their community read it.
This, and much more, are included in the White Paper and a common theme is apparent throughout. HUH Token has provided a large number of ways for individuals to grow their wealth over time. The reward systems are abundant, the opportunities to generate more HUH Token and even BNB rewards through a referral system are enough to create additional income.
Kishu Inu and Dogelon Mars have shown their prowess as meme cryptos on the market. The information on their respective White Papers, and lack thereof in Dogelon Mars’s case, seems to pale compared to the comprehensive explanation in HUH Token’s White Paper. As this is one of the last opportunities to join HUH Token’s presale, anyone who has been enticed by what their White Paper has to offer should consider joining sooner rather than later.
Follow HUH Token on their Socials before they Launch:
It’s also great to note that Shiba Inu made a triumphant crypto market return this week and the reign of the dog continues though with HUH Token’s White Paper release it could see the ‘Utimeme’ token break out of the atmosphere on its December 6th launch and surpass Shiba Inu for altcoin supremacy.
Here are some of my highlights of HUH Token’s White Paper release and why me and you should be excited for HUH Token’s launch on Monday!
As well as a look at why Shiba Inu might have rose back to the top dog spot this week.
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Kid, You Might Just Need HUH Token.
HUH Token’s White Paper release could just be December’s utter-most crypto news, or at least a very close second to HUH Token’s December 6th launch… though as the White Paper was released to today the already iconic HUH Token dropped the mic.
And it’s one-hell-of-a-read and it’s true that the brilliance is in the detail.
One aspect of HUH Token’s White Paper that stood out to me and appears to have become a noteworthy point for other crypto lovers is that HUH Token want to facilitate access to technology, and this could see the future of cryptocurrency in its infancy.
Also Read: The Great Indian Crypto Circus
Inspired by Shiba Inu’s harnessing of influence into currency, HUH Token have seen the potentially that all can create content and be rewarded from this by HUH Token and by doing this, countries could see a healthier financial economy.
Though, one of the ways that HUH Token are endeavouring to build such an equilibrium inside of their MetaHUH for its holders is to use Smart Contracts, which could enhance static reward systems that incentivises HUH Token holders to hold until gold.
These smart contracts are supposed to help protect HUH Token holders from market fluctuations and that’s something unparalleled on the market.
This is also backed up by HUH Token’s use of a multichain (Ethereum and Binance) as well it’s ‘Utimeme’ power.
HUH Token’s Utimeme brilliance will allow the influence of meme coins to be harnessed for usability as well, and that’s one of the reasons that could see HUH Token surpass Shiba Inu when it’s released on December 6th.
The Early Bird Catches the Worm
Today is exciting and not simply because it’s a Friday, but because HUH Token released their White Paper, and this coming Monday will see the launch of one of the most awaited cryptocurrencies of 2021.
With some brain tingling ideas and aims from HUH Token it’s no wonder that its presale holders would have skyrocketed today, and you could be one of them who benefits from a 35% bonus on top of a $1000 deposit with HUH Token.
Though, it’s advised that you take a look around and read some other White Papers of other cryptocurrencies to make sure you’re becoming a holder of a crypto that serves you.
Follow HUH Token on their Socials before they launch:
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links.)
Not only this but Shiba Inu’s mastery of the altcoin world could be coming to an end on HUH Token’s December 6th release if the aims, goals and technology in the White Paper are anything to go by.
Also, how Shiba Inu have managed to harness the power of influence.
But taking a peak behind the White Paper could offer you many wonders and grant the light that HUH Token deserves.
The Influence of Cute!
Shiba Inu harnessed something in August 2020 and that was the power of influence, which spawned many other dog-based and meme coins from its tremendous success.
Shiba Inu managed to demonstrate to seasoned crypto investors and whale cryptocurrencies that the power of the people is strong and it’s something that could be harnessed to propel not only the crypto world but the individual wins of crypto holders as well.
And so was born the creation of influence-based cryptocurrency and it’s given birth to the kind of innovation that whale cryptocurrencies just might not be able to conjure-up anymore.
It’s because of altcoins like Shiba Inu that more and more people are cottoning on the exponential possibilities that cryptocurrency can offer, not just to you, but to the world as a whole… and because of this pioneering spirit of Shiba Inu, Dogecoin and other altcoins presented emerging currencies like HUH Token with a rare opportunity that their White Paper shows they’re willing to undertake.
HUH? The White Wizard.
HUH Token’s White Paper release today saw the December 6th launching cryptocurrency hit new heights because of its pioneering ways in both technology and holder-centric notions.
The lengthy and heavily detailed White Paper explains what is in hold of the future of HUH Token, HUH Nation and MetHUH.
HUH Token intend to use influence and content as currency and for that reason could possibly be one of the biggest altcoins on the market, because like Shiba Inu, HUH Token see the power of the people and what that can do for them and their communities.
With many wonderfully amazing adages to the cryptocurrency world, HUH Token is pioneering multichain technology across both Ethereum and Binance blockchains but also redistributing rewards and returns through reflection technology.
The reward system another area where HUH Token could be unique to the cryptocurrency world because it offers four distinct routes to achieving reward receival.
They are as follows and you might want to peel your eyes for this one and makes sure you’re not on the edge of your seats… there might be no where else to go from that point:
Rewards will be sent to you in BNB (Binance Coin) and sent to a relevant wallet.
Claim Reward in Token of Choice
Your reward could be in ETH, USDT, MATIC and Others.
Claim to Another Wallet
Holders can use different wallets.
Claim As a Mix of The Above Two
Allows reward holders to gift any amount to another HUH holder.
(With this HUH Token hope to incentivise the gift of giving and strengthen HUH Token’s community)
The Influence of the Future
Influence and content are everything in a technological age and for that reason HUH Token and Shiba Inu spotted a niche to be harnessed and spread through holders of their cryptocurrencies and beyond.
The ever-growing cryptocurrency worlds of Shiba Inu and HUH Token are heading for the stratosphere, and you could be a long for the ride.
Be sure to do you research and read Shiba’s website and HUH Token’s White Paper before its launch on December 6th.
if HUH Token’s White Paper is too good to resist then you could benefit from a 35% presale top up on a $1000 deposit, but that bonus won’t be there for long.
Follow HUH Token on their Socials before they launch:
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links.)