Sunday November 18, 2018

Physical abuse highest in infants younger than one year

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source: angelsinnature.wordpress.com
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London:  A study revealed that among children who endure physical abuse, it is the infants less than a year old, who bear the highest risk of physical abuse.

According to researchers, their age coupled with the magnitude of the injuries creates a situation where they are three times more at death risk than children who have been through any other trauma.

The TARN database helped scientists reach this conclusion. TARN keeps a record of patients who received three days or more of hospital treatment to address their serious physical injuries.

About 16,000 such cases involving children under 16 cropped up from the time period of 2004-2013.

The database from 2012 showed significantly more number of cases of deliberate physical abuse in infants and very young children.

The data had categories separating injuries caused accidentally, suspected child abuse, and cases of alleged assault, which also housed injuries from fights.

In almost all the cases in which abuse was suspected, the children were aged below five. Three-fourth of that number were aged even less than 12 months.

“The injuries of abused children were more severe and tended to involve the head/brain,” noted the authors of the study published in the Emergency Medicine Journal.

Injuries caused by accident more than often affected the limbs while supposed assaults involved the torso.

Injuries are the cause of death for a relatively small children population but for those who were abused, the risks increased to three times.

Researchers noted that the cause might be, that as the children grew up and developed a more robust body, they were more resistant to injuries. So, it would be difficult to inflict trauma on an older child, while the same level of physical abuse might gravely harm an infant.

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Teenage Girls Being Urged To Befriend ‘Middle-Aged Men’ On Facebook: Report

In October, Facebook had removed 8.7 million user images of child nudity

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Fake News, Facebook, dating
This photo shows the logo for Facebook on screens at the Nasdaq MarketSite, in New York's Times Square. VOA

Facebook is encouraging grooming by offering teenage girls middle-aged men as ‘friend suggestions’, the media reported.

Teenage girls, as young as 13-year-olds, who join the social network are given up to 300 suggestions for who they can add as friends, some of which include middle-aged men who are topless in their profile photos, The Telegraph reported late on Saturday.

Facebook has said that was not a typical experience for teenagers for signing up for the service and that it has safeguards built into its recommendation system.

Following the findings, UK-based charity the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) has called for friend recommendations to be suspended for children on the social networking giant’s platform.

Facebook, myanmar
A cellphone user looks at a Facebook page at a shop in Latha street, Yangon, Myanmar. VOA

‘Groomers are seeking to infiltrate children’s friendship groups on social networks, often with the intention to move children to live streaming or encrypted sites where it is easier for them to commit sexual abuse,” Andy Burrows, NSPCC Associate Head of Child Safety Online, was quoted as saying.

“Social media algorithms risk making it easier for groomers to find and contact children and ‘friend of friend’ or ‘new follower’ recommendations can add legitimacy to their requests, which is why we are calling for these features to be blocked for children.

“For too long social networks have failed to make their platforms safe for children, and that is why the Home Secretary must commit to strong and effective regulation to finally ensure that children’s safety is non-negotiable,” she said.

According to Facebook, the company has safeguards to protect children. However, the campaigners warn that the networking giant must do more to stop groomers who use the site to become friendly with children.

facebook, U.S. Politicals ads, dating
This photo shows a Facebook app icon on a smartphone in New York. VOA

“Grooming is incredibly serious, and we have teams specifically focused on keeping children safe, informed by extensive research and outside experts,” said a spokesman for Facebook, the Daily Mail reported on Saturday.

“We use artificial intelligence to proactively identify cases of inappropriate interactions with minors and we refer potential abuse to law enforcement.

“We limit how children can be found in search, we remind them to only accept friend requests from people they know and we caution them before making public posts.”

Also Read: Twitter Giving Its Users More Freedom To Report Fake, Suspicious Accounts

In October, Facebook had removed 8.7 million user images of child nudity with the help of previously undisclosed machine learning software that automatically flagged such photos during the last quarter.

The company has said that it is also considering rolling out systems for spotting child nudity and grooming to Instagram. (IANS)