Sunday October 21, 2018

Pollution, the silent killer in metros; 35 per cent children in India have poor lung capacity

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

Children are the future of a nation. They hold its virtue and fortune. However according to  a recent survey, around 35 per cent of India’s school going children below 13 years of age are victims of different types of lung disorders due to air pollution.

A misery of metros

Delhi stands tall at the top rank of a nation-wide survey titled Breathe Blue’15. According to it, 21 per cent of children in the national capital were found to have ‘poor’ lung capacity while another 19% had ‘bad’ capacity. A Lung Health Screening Test (LHST) conducted by different schools in Delhi has corroborated the reports.

The survey included 2,000 school students between the age of 8-14, out of which a huge amount of children were found to be suffering from major lung diseases like Bronchitis.

Experts’ opinion

According to Dr Preetaish Kaul, a representative of HEAL Foundation based in Delhi, such kinds of lung screening tests determine the amount of air lung can hold, how fast lungs can make the inflow and outflow of oxygen and remove carbon dioxide out from the body.

The tests can also find out if there is any lung disease and measures the severity of lung disorder. Poor LHST means compromised lung function and high possibilities of contracting pulmonary diseases.

Another expert said, “While rising air pollution in the country poses a serious health risks for all, it is more worrisome for children as they are yet in their growth years with vital organs of the body physiologically not mature enough to deal with it.”

Citizen responsibility?

A similar research termed CLAIM (Clean Air India Movement), dedicated to Citizens’ Awareness and Attitude Survey suggests that most people think that it is the responsibility of the government to clean the air as they can’t do anything about it.

This survey proved that in cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata only 15, 24, 27 and 9 per cent people admitted that they, as a citizen, are also responsible for current emerging scenarios. It has been found at more than 46 per cent bikers, 63 per cent non-ac car drivers and 96 per cent ac car drivers do not turn off their engines due to laziness or luxury.

The growing number of lung diseases should be highlighted at a national level. Awareness campaigns and programs have be carried by the government to turn down the amount of gasses released in the environment. The future of the nation depends on it.

 

 

 

 

 

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Dusshera In Delhi Casts A Dark Blanket, Air Quality Worsens

System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) labelled NCR's air quality as toxic

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Delhi's air quality drastically dipped during Diwali. Wikimedia Commons
Delhi's air quality drastically dipped during Diwali. Wikimedia Commons

The National Capital and the regions around it continue to suffer a “very-poor” air quality on Friday, which according to experts, may worsen due to combined effects of Dussehra and meteorological reasons such as low winds in Delhi.

Between 6pm to 8pm, over 48 areas across the National Capital Region — 36 from Delhi alone — suffered ‘very poor air-quality’ with pollutants registering over four times the national safety standards.

Weather analysts say this may worsen as Delhi currently has very light variable winds with no definite directions, which is likely to help in aggregating the pollutants.

Air Quality
In New Delhi, levels of the most dangerous particles in the air are sometimes 10 times higher than the safe limit, the survey noted. wikimedia commons

“Delhi has a negligible wind speed and morning temperatures are low. Also, many effigies were burnt across the region on Dussehera. This will push up the pollution levels,” said Mahesh Palawat, director private weather forecasting group, Skymet.

The air-quality was already ‘severe’ at Anand Vihar in east Delhi and Rohini in north Delhi, Bawana in northwest Delhi, Mundaka in West Delhi and Bhiwadi in Rajasthan, acoording to the real-time monitoring taken up around 8pm by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

The average presence of major pollutant PM2.5 or particle with diametre less than 2.5mm, was 129 unit across Delhi-NCR and 133 units in Delhi, which is more than twice the national safe limits. Rohini was the most polluted with PM2.5 concentration at 166 units, about three times the safe limits.

Air Quality
Air pollution can also damage your kidneys. wikimedia commons

The permissible range or PM2.5 is 60 as per national standards and 25 by the international standards.

At 4pm, the Air Quality Index (AQI) of Delhi was 276 marked ‘poor’ against ‘moderate’ mere 48 hours back.

Also Read: The Farmer;s Protest In Delhi Makes The Indian Police Take Severe Steps

Meanwhile, System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) labelled NCR’s air quality as toxic and recommended keeping relief medicine handy. SAFAR advised everyone to avoid tiring outdoor physical activity. (IANS)