Tuesday October 17, 2017

Poor mental health to cost Indian economy dearly: Report

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New Delhi: With one in every five person in India suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental health-related cost would account for 20 percent of economic loss from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between 2012 and 2030, says a new report.

The “Aarogya Bharat” report by the Healthcare Federation of India (NATHEALTH) and leading management consulting firm Bain & Company estimated an economic loss of $6.2 trillion due to NCDs between 2012 and 2030.

“Among non-communicable diseases, mental health is the largest contributor to economic loss in India. It is estimated that mental health will accord 20 percent of economic loss from NCDs 2012-2030, which is estimated at $6.2 trillion,” said Anjan Bose, secretary general, NATHEALTH, a forum of healthcare providers in India.

Mental health illness rate is very high among Indians from ages of 20 to 40, the report said.

“Mental health illness’s indirect costs are higher than direct costs,” said Samir Parikh, director, mental health & behavioural sciences, Fortis Hospital, New Delhi.

Parikh said that direct cost in mental health care includes costs of care like medication, clinic visits (fees), hospitalisation, diagnostic services, residential care, community services, rehabilitation and non-medical costs like transportation for treatment and care, etc.

“These are the value of resources used in the treatment of disease. Indirect costs are value of resources lost as a result of illness,” Parikh added.

Indirect costs due to mental health include costs related to reduced supply of labour (unemployment), reduced educational attainment, expenses for social supports, costs associated with consequences like chronic disability, homelessness, crime, suicide, homicide, caregiver burden, value of family caregiver’s time, medical complications of mental illnesses, early mortality, substance use and other unquantifiable costs like emotional burden on family etc.

“Other costs include those for health awareness campaigning,” Parikh said.

Mental health also affects economy through early retirements, negative expectations regarding employment and reduced productivity. On the whole, it leads to increase in expenditure for health system, individuals and households, the report noted.

So far as mental health in India is concerned, there is an urgent need to shift from curative approach to a preventive one, Parikh pointed out.

-IANS

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Healing Emotional Trauma for A Peaceful Mind, Body and Soul

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Healing emotional trauma
Healing emotional trauma is hard but not impossible. Pixabay
  • Emotional trauma is never ending; always finds its way back to you.
  • Dealing with it and facing reality is the way to heal yourself.
  • Accepting, forgiving and letting go are the first steps to healing emotional trauma.
  • Surround yourself with people who love for you are.

Emotional pain has a way around people; it always comes unannounced which we have no control over. But dealing with the emotional trauma is something we do have control over. Just like a bruise or a scar the emotional trauma also goes away but you can’t escape it as it’s a part of your life whether you like it or not. Augustus wasn’t wrong in saying that pain demands to be felt in the famous John Green novel “The fault in our stars”. Healing emotional trauma the right way is when you face it.

  1. Acceptance

The first step to healing emotional trauma is accepting it. If you keep something locked away it eventually goes bad and smells, just like that accepting the existence of the pain is necessary to get rid of it. Don’t throw fits and instead embrace the situation because everything does happen for a reason no matter how bad. The important thing to remember is to keep the faith.

Healing emotional trauma
Accept the situation and believe that you can overcome it. Pixabay

  1. Healing emotional trauma involves Forgiveness

Grudges can sometimes destroy your inner peace more than you could imagine it to be. When you hold on to a something for too long your arms start to pain and eventually give up on you. Similarly, holding on to grudges hurts you more than the person you’re holding it against. The smart choice for healing emotional trauma would be to let the baggage go unless it’s Gucci.

  1. Don’t think and ruin it for yourself

Overthinking a situation ruins your inner peace and also makes you intensify the graveness of the pain. What’s done is done, don’t ruminate on it for long. The best option would be to chuck it and move on with your life.

Healing emotional trauma
Forgiving and forgetting is the first step to healing emotional trauma. Pixabay

  1. Surround yourself with people who motivate and encourage you

    Acceptance
    Surround yourself with people who love you for who you are. Pixabay

Dealing with emotional pain can be nerve wrecking and facing reality alone can be scary. In times like those, you need people who will understand you and accept for who you are. Toxic people who put you down or fail to understand you as a person are not the right way to heal your emotional trauma.

-Prepared by Tanya Kathuria of Newsgram; Twitter: @TanyaKathuria97

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Is Your Child Not Getting Enough Sleep Due to Early School Hours? He is at risk of Developing Depression and Anxiety, Says New Study

School timings not only affect the sleeping habits but also the daily functioning of the body, which can harm the child's physical and mental health

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Unhealthy sleeping patterns can lead to major health problems like obesity, heart disease and others in adulthood, Wikimedia

New York, October 9, 2017 : Is your child not getting ample sleep due to early school hours? Beware, your kid is more likely to develop depression and anxiety, warns a new study. The study reveals that children, who start schooling before 8:30 a.m., get insufficient sleep or barely meet the minimum amount of sleep, that is 8-10 hours, needed for healthy functioning of the body.

“Even when a student is doing everything else right to get a good night’s sleep, early school start times put more pressure on the sleep process and increase mental health symptoms, while later school start times appear to be a strong protective factor for teenager,” said Jack Peltz, Professor at the University of Rochester in the US.

School timings not only affect the sleeping habits but also the daily functioning of the body. It aggravates major health problems like obesity, heart disease and others in adulthood. The study, published in the journal Sleep Health, suggested that maintaining a consistent bedtime, getting between eight and 10 hours of sleep, limiting caffeine, turning off the television, cell phone and video games before bed may boost sleep quality as well as mental health.

ALSO READ Prolonged Depression Can Change Structure of Your Brain

The researchers used an online tool to collect data from 197 students across the country between the ages of 14 and 17. The results showed that good sleep hygiene was directly associated with lower average daily depressive or anxiety symptoms across all students.

The risk of depression was even lower in the students who started school after 8:30 a.m. in comparison to those who started early. “One possible explanation for the difference may be that earlier starting students have more pressure on them to get high quality sleep,” Peltz stressed. (IANS)

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Understanding Social Anxiety Disorder And The Myths Associated

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Social anxiety disorder is characterized by a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations. Flickr

Every human being once in his/her lifetime experience social awkwardness and it is not odd to experience it. Social anxiety is a general psychological problem, and yet we feel odd to share it because we are conditioned to believe that the problem is associated with being “abnormal”. This social anxiety may happen while you are presenting in a board meeting; reciting a poem in school, talking to strangers at parties.

People who experience it feel as though they are being constantly judged by the people around them. An article by writer and author Arlin Cuncic states that between 2% and 13% of the population is thought to have the problem to a level that it would be considered social anxiety disorder.

What is Social Anxiety Disorder?

Social Anxiety Disorder is a disorder in which people face social anxieties to an extent that it starts affecting their daily life activities. It is one of the most common mental disorders. People who face this problem feel as though they are the only ones to be suffering from the problem.

Causes:

Social Anxiety Disorder is believed to have generated from both environmental and genetic factors. Sometimes it may be just one of them or a combination of the both.

  • Genetic factors: It is believed that an imbalance in the neurotransmitter serotonin, a brain chemical which regulates emotions and moods play a role in the development of social anxiety disorder.
  • Environmental factors: Experienced bullying as a child, sexual abuse, and overprotective family environment can be some of the environmental factors.

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Myths associated with social anxiety disorder:

Myth 1- Social Anxiety is only fear of speaking in public

The fact is that social anxiety is anxiety and fear experienced in any/every social situation like- public speaking events; meeting strangers and interacting with them; going to spaces which mark the presence of a lot of public; disagreeing with someone.

Myth 2- Social Anxiety means that you’re only nervous

The fact is that social anxiety is not just nervousness but a collection of several symptoms like trembling hands, irrational thinking, and sweat.

Myth 3- Social Anxiety is a problem that you just have to live with

Living with social anxiety is not an advice to be given. What if a person’s social anxiety reaches a level where he/she cannot move from his/her home? There are medically proven solutions to this problem. Effective medication and behavioral therapy are highly recommended in cases of social anxiety disorder.

Despite living in the 21st century and being cognizant of human psychology and its growing problems, we associate mental health problems with being “crazy” and a “shame” to the society. If we need to combat psychological problems, we must start educating people and especially children about it. There must be textbook lessons and interactive sessions on mental health for children. If children are cognizant of the problems from a very young age, most of the psychological illness, the world is facing would be easily controlled.

by Megha Acharya of NewsGram.