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Racial bias against Indians in Trinidad and Tobago

DH Singh voices his concern for continued racial discrimination against Indo-Trinidadians

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A Hindu temple near Port of Spain in Trinidad and Tobago. Source: Wikimedia Commons
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Dear Editor:

On Saturday 16th April 2016 I had the privilege of listening to Lenox Grant delivering the feature address in the launch of a book titled “ The Hindu View of Trinidad and Tobago, “ a collection of articles by Sat Maharaj and edited by Kumar Mahabir.

While I enjoyed Lenox Grant’s speech for his striving for balance, I must confess that he has unconsciously or unwittingly perpetuated misconceptions or stereotypes  of Indian society and leadership. For example, the sceptre or mukdar that Sat holds in his hand and depicted in the cover of the text could not be accepted by Lenox Grant. He wrote:  “I hear the golden ornamental staff of office is called a mukdar. But I prefer sceptre-or Hindu magic wand.”

Lenox Grant should appreciate that the Hindus have their labels for the objects that are part of their culture and tradition. If the Hindus label it a ‘mukdar’ then that should have been good enough for him. But not so. He went on: “ I prefer sceptre –or Hindu magic wand.”  A similar attitude is also witnessed in the ad by the Guardian Newspaper featuring the top SEA pupil for 2015 where the Hindi word “dhanyavaad” was removed and replaced with “thank you.” The Guardian Newspaper could not tolerate “dhanyavaad” as much as Grant “prefer sceptre –or HIndu magic wand.” Is Grant saying that he has a phobia for Hindi-sounding words?

A Hindu holyman making purchases in Debe, Trinidad and Tobago. Wikimedia Commons
A Hindu holyman making purchases in Debe, Trinidad and Tobago. Wikimedia Commons

Grant in typical “Creole style” went on to label Sat’s social commentaries as “race talk.” He wrote: “Sat Maharaj has gained notoriety in what I have called T&T race talk.”  Interestingly, he brought into his address the recent pronouncement of Minister Garcia that there was  bias in the distribution of scholarships. Is Grant simply brushing aside that serious allegation of Minister Garcia as simply “race talk” and nothing more?

Grant did not stop there but went on to lump former columnists and letter writers as simply race talk. He wrote: “Over nearly three decades, I have been paying attention to race talk” and went on to identify  Noor Kumar Mahabir, Kamal Persad, Anil Mahabir and  Rajnie Ramlakhan, Indrani Rampersad and Rabindranath (Raviji) Maharaj. I feel deeply disappointed that Grant could so easily dismiss the writings and concerns raised by the  Indo-Trinidadian community as simply race talk. Why couldn’t Grant interpret the writings of those columnists as a cry for social justice in a society where they felt like second class citizens?

Grant continued:” I played a part in making such media access possible to people fired up as part of a prevailing mood and motivation resembling that of an Indo-Trinidadian renaissance. I could more easily picture him wielding a cutlass in—at least metaphorical—defence of the interests of Hindus, and of Indians, and of deserving others in this country.”  And Grant has now said it all –“I could more easily picture him wielding a cutlass…”

I would like to write a conclusion to this piece but I would refrain from doing so as I leave it to the readers.

D.H.Singh,

Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago

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  • Ran Nam

    My question is, who asked this man Lennox Grant to give the feature address at the launch of Sat’s book on The Hindu View of Trinidad and Tobago? That person should be given a few blows with the mukdar! For Grant to give an informed address on the book he should know something substantial about the Hindu view in Trinidad. Which he doesn’t, as far as I know. This is disgraceful. You would have gotten a better address from Selwyn Cudjoe who at least respects Sat Maharaj and must have learned something about the Hindu view from his many debates with Sat. Why couldn’t the organizers of this function asked a qualified Hindu leader to give the feature address???

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  • Ran Nam

    My question is, who asked this man Lennox Grant to give the feature address at the launch of Sat’s book on The Hindu View of Trinidad and Tobago? That person should be given a few blows with the mukdar! For Grant to give an informed address on the book he should know something substantial about the Hindu view in Trinidad. Which he doesn’t, as far as I know. This is disgraceful. You would have gotten a better address from Selwyn Cudjoe who at least respects Sat Maharaj and must have learned something about the Hindu view from his many debates with Sat. Why couldn’t the organizers of this function asked a qualified Hindu leader to give the feature address???

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New AI Model to Identify the Risk of Heart Disease in Indians

Besides Apollo, Microsoft is also planning to extend the AI model to other healthcare providers

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Heart Disease
Concern has often focused on the toxicity or carcinogenic properties of the metals, particularly at high doses. Pixabay

In a novel effort to predict the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among the Indian population, Microsoft India and Apollo Hospitals on Friday launched the first-ever Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered heart disease risk score API (application programme interface).

Part of Microsoft’s “AI Network for Healthcare” initiative, it will help doctors across the Apollo network of hospitals leverage the AI-powered API to predict risk of CVD and drive preventive cardiac care across the country.

Nearly three million heart attacks happen in India every year and 30 million Indians suffer from coronary diseases. However, even with various heart disease risk models available worldwide, doctors and cardiologists are unable to identify the probability of CVD in Indians.

“The AI-based models available worldwide were formed decades ago and are based on the western population. Our new API score is based on the data of 4,000 Indians shared by Apollo Hospitals and can easily identify the level of risk each patient has,” Anil Bhansali, Managing Director, Microsoft India (R&D), told IANS.

“We come in as a technology partner or expert in the AI domain, where we collaborate with healthcare providers and doctors to integrate data to help build the AI model,” Bhansali added.

Built on Microsoft’s Cloud computing platform Azure, the new AI-based heart risk score helps gauge a patient’s risk for heart disease and provides rich insights to doctors on treatment plans and early diagnosis.

The API score considers 21 risk factors including lifestyle attributes such as diet, tobacco and smoking preferences and physical activity as well as psychological stress and anxiety as reflected via rate of respiration, hypertension and systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

“The score categorises risk into high, moderate and minimal and also provides insights on the top modifiable risk contributors, thereby assisting physicians to consult patients in a more holistic way, while providing insights to patients for lifestyle modification and timely interventions,” Bhansali elaborated.

heart disease
Representational image. (IANS)

When a patient goes for a cardio health check, the doctor can build up a more accurate cardio-vascular health profile of the patient based on Machine Learning (ML) of all their previous patient data.

AI can, in turn, predict future coronary ailments the patient might experience in the next 10 to 20 years based on these multiple factors.

“This heart risk score for Indian populace is a true example of how precision healthcare can accelerate prevention of cardio-vascular disease and reduce disease burden,” Bhansali noted.

According to Sangita Reddy, Joint Managing Director, Apollo Hospitals, the partnership is aimed at designing new tools and equip doctors in the fight against non-communicable diseases.

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“The amalgamation of AI and ML with the global expertise of our doctors will help prevent heart disease, save lives and ensure those with heart disease can make informed choices on their health,” Reddy said in a statement.

Besides Apollo, Microsoft is also planning to extend the AI model to other healthcare providers.

“While we are currently working with Apollo, we are also in the process of identifying partners where we can actually try this API score,” Bhansali told IANS.

“In the last couple of years we have been working on how Cloud technology, particularly AI, can help in reducing the overall disease burden. Our first step towards this, as part of the healthcare partnership, is developing the cardiac risk score for Indian population,” Bhansali added. (IANS)