New Delhi: A. Raja manipulated 2G spectrum allocation policy in favor of Swan Telecom, CBI told a special court on Monday.
Raja, a member of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), was the head of Telecommunications and IT Ministry of India when the scam happened. He was the primary accused in the scam.
Special public prosecutor Anand Grover told Special Judge O.P. Saini that in an arbitrary decision, the then telecom minister A. Raja gave unfair advantage to Swan Telecom.
Advancing the final argument in the case, Grover said the cut-off date for receiving applications was changed from October 10, 2007 to October 1, 2007, and the decision was taken by Raja to favor some firms.
Swan telecom promoter Shahid Usman Balwa, one of the accused in the 2G scam, had prior knowledge of the design of the spectrum allocation process and had kept the demand drafts and other documents ready before hand, the Central Bureau of Investigation said.
The court was hearing the final arguments in the case which will continue on Thursday.
The case pertains to the 2G spectrum allocation in which Raja, DMK Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi and others are facing trial.
According to the CBI, Raja was biased in allocating 2G mobile airwaves and operating licences to telecom firms, causing huge loss to the state exchequer.
The scam is believed to have cost Indian government a loss of ₹1766.45 billion.
The court framed charges on October 22, 2011, against 14 accused and three companies under various provisions of the Indian Penal Code and the Prevention of Corruption Act.
Tamil Nadu is also the second largest contributor to India’s GDP
Tamil Nadu inhibits many forms of classical arts, classical music, and classical literature
The enormous area of Tamil Nadu makes it the 11th largest state in India and in terms of population
The word Tamil Nadu literally means ‘The Land of Tamils’ or ‘Tamil Country’. The existence of this place dates back to 1000 of years back. It is one of the 29 states of India, Chennai is its capital. The state is also the second largest contributor to India’s GDP and second most industrialized state in India.
The state inhibits many forms of classical arts, classical music, and classical literature. The diversity can be seen in language, caste and many more things. Tamil Nadu is also home to a number of historic buildings and religious sites including historic hill stations and Hindu temples of Tamil architecture.
Take a tour of the mesmerising beauty of Tamil Nadu and its culture.
1. When the world is going super costly day by day, Tamil Nadu has something very unique in its Corporation restaurants in Chennai, where one can get Idlis for Re 1 and curd rice for Rs 3.
2. One of the oldest known languages is said to be Latin. But as it’s not being in use anymore, Tamil language grabs the spot of oldest living language.
3. The great M.S. Subbalakshmi and Rukmini Devi Arundel have redefined the way the whole city buzzes with enthusiasm over art forms. But very few people know that Chennai’s Music and Dance festival is often counted as one of the major festivals of the city which goes side by side with other festivals like Pongal.
4. The trend of the banking sector in the country was initiated by the Tamilians. They started certain banking institutions like Indian Overseas Bank, Indian Bank, The United India Insurance etc for the smooth transaction of the money. Even the credit and debit system of banking was also introduced by them.
5. Myanmar owes Tamilians their one-third of the rice fields. As many years back, Tamil Nadu was in major trade with Burma and Ceylon to enhance their economy. Tamil Nadu was also involved in direct with some of the European nations.
6. The political scenario of the Tamil Nadu is quite blunt. There are only two parties who are the heavy weight of that region. One as DMK, headed by Karunanidhi family and other as AIADMK, which was headed by Lt. Jayalalithaa.
7. The enormous area of the state makes it the 11th largest state in India and in terms of population, its 7th most populous state in India.
8. Tamil Nadu has much of diversity in languages in its region. Interestingly, the language is spoken in Chennai and the interiors of Chennai are different.
9. Tamil Nadu holds the record of state with the highest literacy rate with 80.3%. All the schools and colleges in Tamil Nadu are only in Tamil Medium or English medium. Hindi is acknowledged as the third language in the private schools.
10. The brilliance of Tamil Nadu’s tourism can be understood by state topping the list of States with the most tourist arrivals, both domestic and international for the third consecutive year.
11. Tamilians prefer to grow rice in their filed rather than wheat and hence their staple food is rice and not chapattis.
12. Tamil Nadu has a spectacular reservation policy for its citizens. The Brahmins and the high castes are not covered under it, rest 90% of this state population comes under the reservation quota.
13. The state is home to some very ancient and splendid temples. Tamil Nadu has around 33,000 ancient temples and some even 1400 years old. The likes of Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai, Brihadeswara Temple in Thanjavur, Ramanathaswamy Temple in Rameswaram, Thillai Nataraja Temple in Chidambaram and Kapaleeshwarar Temple in Chennai among many others.
14. Tiruchi is a favourite destination for many of the tourist visiting the state. In 2016, Tiruchi received almost 1.21 crore tourists which were slightly more than 1.20 crore in 2015. The notable attractions of Tiruchi include Rock Fort, the Ranganathaswamy Temple and the Jambukeswarar Temple.
15. For many people, Hill stations are a synonym for states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir. But, in reality, Tamil Nadu also has the best and the most visited hill stations all over India. Places are Kodaikanal, Ooty, Coonoor, Ketti Valley, Valparai and Yelagiri Hills are a delight to watch. Some of the most prominent tourist spots include waterfalls, wildlife and bird sanctuaries, national parks and beaches. The state holds both hill stations and beaches in its territory.
16. The Tamil Nadu Tourism Department has come up with a unique way of absorbing the excess traffic on road and at the same time promoting state’s tourism. Tourism Department has identified 32 of new tourist destinations apart from the key destinations like Udhagamandalam, Kodaikanal, Madurai, Rameswaram, Mamallapuram, Kanniyakumari etc.
17. Tamil Nadu has tourism friendly policies with an aim to developing the high-priority tourism infrastructure. By this way, the state ought to promote environmentally and culturally sustainable tourism.
18. The state is bestowed with age-old temples and complex infrastructures. To honour such structures, UNESCO has marked eight World Heritage Sites in Tamil Nadu.
19. For any state, trade is a considerable source of tourism. As Tamil Nadu state is the largest producer of turmeric and banana. Also, the state is the second largest producer of Coconut, Mango and groundnut.