Friday November 24, 2017
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Reforms in corrupt PLA can affect Indian Army

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Corruption is a gambit so large that it can and does encompass every or any country irrespective of them being democratic or communist. China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is going under a long-anticipated reform process according to the South China Morning Post. The reforms are expected to help solve the issues of deep corruption within the Chinese defence forces.

The planned reforms, according to the Chinese leadership, is expected to reorganize the existing seven military zones into four separate commands while cutting about 300,000 troops to lessen the complications of power.

The formal announcement of the onset of restructuring was officially declared by the top military brass at a gathering of leaders involved in national defence and military reforms who are directed by the China’s Central Military Commission.

“I announce that China will reduce military personnel numbers by 300,000,” Xi was quoted as saying in the New York Times. Xi once stated that the armed services were “loyally committed to its sacred duty of defending the security of the motherland and the peaceful life of the people, and loyally committed to the sacred duty of safeguarding world peace.”

The Hong Kong daily explains PLA to be: “The PLA was extensively involved in economic affairs until the late 1990s when the central leadership realised that the army’s profit-seeking operations had resulted in PLA top brass abusing their special privileges and power by promoting their business interests.”

It mentions the instance of senior naval officers conveying warships overseas to smuggle household appliance and vehicles (cars).

The PLA which used to be a peasants’ army once has now grown to perform duties to safeguard a nation so significant, geographical and political as China. Although the country is known to be a strictly regulated nation, loopholes still exist in their administration as well as governance.

The urge to publically mention the need of reforms represents the intensity of the situation in China as the country tweaks and trims its outflow of information.

India can be highly impacted by the repercussions of their rectification. India shares an extensive border with China and that’s where both the armies face each other at large. With the developments taking place in the PLA, it is expected to lead to a better and strengthened military work zone across the border.

A corrupt and comparatively less efficient Chinese defence forces would be easy for India to target in distress, though, if improved to be fitter and better prepared for any contingency. Also, an intromission of power on India can lead to a lower supreme response.

Adding on to the military stress from the other side, Indian border would perhaps come under one Military Areas Commands (MAC) instead of two as today, which will tremendously ameliorate the efficiency of the Chinese ‘border’ forces creating a supplementary burden onto the India forces, which are already sustaining themselves in an adverse environment, unlike their Chinese counterpart.

India has already started working on bringing desired developments in the field to not be on the back foot in the times of conflict.

The Indian Army has a doctrine called ‘Cold Start’ a mechanised infantry, a heavy strike crop to essentially strike against Pakistan in the event of a war. On similar lines to protect its India-China border, they have devised a comparatively recent strategy comprising of “Mountain Strike Corps”.

India is to proceed with the formation of a new Mountain Strike Corps of over 40,000 troops to be deployed along the disputed China border region by the end of 2016.

The infrastructure of the same is yet to be set up. Though once effectively put in place, it would strengthen the north-eastern border of India with China to a great level. This corp will be specifically trained to work and deliver their best in the mountain region.

1 COMMENT

  1. these are temporary solutions to the problem. Although such action from Indian side is necessary but it will only increase a tension in the border region. The only possible way to reach peace at border is when citizens of both the countries will force their government to roll back Army baring few check posts in the initial period and make border more pours for more trade and mutual border state development (because having bilateral talks with china on border issues are useless). Developing complex economic dependence between India and China is the only way to solve border issue.

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China Tightens Up Security with India Border ahead of Communist Party Congress

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Indo-china border
Army men guard at India-China border. ians

Beijing, Sep 29: China has stepped up security on its border with India, North Korea and Myanmar ahead of the key Communist Party Congress next month.The once-in-a-five-year meet is China’s most important political event.

The authorities would not like to risk any event which disrupts the meeting where Chinese President Xi Jinping will get a second five-year term.

China’s border police will maintain the highest security on the country’s frontiers with North Korea, India and Myanmar as the Communist Party Congress gear up for its all-important Congress, the Hong Kong-based South China Morning said in a report.

“(We will) stick to the highest standards, strictest requirements and strongest measures to ensure absolute border security for the party’s 19th national Congress,” the report quoted an official statement as saying.

China has a long-running border dispute with India. The two countries have 3,488 km of de facto boundary, most of which is disputed.

Beijing and New Delhi last month ended an over two-month military stand-off in the Sikkim section along the Sino-India border.

China’s northeast borders reclusive North Korea. The North Korean nuclear crisis has worried the world, especially its ally China.

Beijing fears an influx of refugees in case of a war between the US and the North.
China would not also want Myanmar’s Rohingyas to cross over into Chinese border.

“The border forces under the People’s Armed Police became the latest government agency to make a show of support for President Xi Jinping, saying officers would focus on the frontiers to ensure stability for the five-yearly gathering,” the newspaper said.

They would also tighten monitoring of coastal areas and ramp up counter-terrorism work, the police were quoted as saying in a statement.

Security personnel have been out in force across the country to make sure the highly choreographed gathering is not disturbed by social unrest.(IANS)

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China warns India about 1962 Military Defeat, asks to Withdraw troops from “Chinese territory”

Tensions have risen between the two neighbors over the latest stand-off in India's Sikkim sector which has a little over 200 km of border with Tibet in China

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Indian military
Indian Army. Wikimedia
  • This is the only part of over 4,000-km India-China border which is largely settled. The two fought a war in 1962
  • The latest stand-off occurred in Donglong or Doklam, a disputed territory between Bhutan and China
  • New Delhi has so far not responded to the charges of Beijing, which on Thursday released two photos of Indian troops “trespassing Chinese boundary”

Beijing, June 29, 2017: In a sharp escalation of rhetoric, China on Thursday reminded India about its military defeat in 1962 and asked it to withdraw troops from “Chinese territory,” a precondition Beijing has set for resolving the latest border row in the Sikkim region.

Beijing also asked New Delhi not to “clamour for war”.

“We hope the particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessons and stop such clamouring for war,” People’s Liberation Army spokesperson Wu Qian said, referring to Indian Army chief Bipin Rawat’s remarks that India was ready for a war with both China and Pakistan.

ALSO READ: Why India Must Counter China’s High-Altitude Land Grab?

“Such rhetoric is extremely irresponsible,” Wu said about remarks attributed to Gen Rawat, who on Thursday visited Sikkim where Indian and Chinese troops scuffled.

Tensions have risen between the two neighbors over the latest stand-off in India’s Sikkim sector which has a little over 200 km of border with Tibet in China.

This is the only part of over 4,000-km India-China border which is largely settled. The two fought a war in 1962.

The latest stand-off occurred in Donglong or Doklam, a disputed territory between Bhutan and China.

Beijing has accused India of obstructing road building in the area, which it claims as its own. It has also charged India with acting at the behest of Bhutan, which also lays claim to Donglong.

New Delhi has so far not responded to the charges of Beijing, which on Thursday released two photos of Indian troops “trespassing Chinese boundary”.

“We again urge the Indian side to abide by historical boundary convention, respect Chinese territorial sovereignty and withdraw the troops to the Indian side of the boundary to avoid further escalation,” Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said.

“This is the precondition for the settlement of the incident and also the basis for us to conduct a meaningful dialogue,” he said.

Following the face-off, China has suspended the pilgrimage to Kailash Mansarovar in Tibet where Indians travel via Nathu La Pass, which is shut now.

Lu said the fact of Indian troops crossing into Chinese territory was “undeniable”. “It is violating our historical boundary conventions as well as promises by the Indian government.

“I can show you the pictures and photos concerning borders trespassed by Indian troops.” Lu said displaying the pictures to the media from the lectern.

China also brushed aside Bhutan’s protest against Beijing building a road towards a Bhutanese Army camp in Zomplri area of Doklam or Donglong, calling the construction “just and lawful” and in Chinese territory.

Bhutan has issued a demarche to the Chinese Embassy over the incident in New Delhi since both countries have no diplomatic ties.

“Donglong has been Chinese territory since ancient time. This is an indisputable territory and we have adequate legal basis concerning this,” Lu said.

“And this is just a sovereign action by China to conduct the road construction in its territory. This is totally justifiable and lawful.”

Barring India and Bhutan, China has settled its land border dispute with its other 12 neighbours. (IANS)

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India has only border disputes with China and Pakistan: VK Singh

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New Delhi: While there are no border disputes with Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, such disputes exist with China and Pakistan, Minister of State for External Affairs VK Singh  stated in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday.

In the eastern sector, China claims approximately 90,000 square meters of Indian territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh,

The minister said the fact that Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir were integral and inalienable parts of India, has been clearly conveyed to the Chinese side on several occasions, including at the highest level.

Indian territory under the occupation of China in Jammu and Kashmir is approximately 38,000 square meters. In addition, under the so-called China-Pakistan ‘Boundary Agreement’ signed between China and Pakistan on March 2, 1963, Pakistan illegally ceded 5,180 square km of Indian territory in PoK (Pakistan-occupied Kashmir) to China,

Besides this, he also expressed the terms of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) agreement between India and China.

He said: “India and China, under the agreement on confidence building measures in the military field along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the India-China border areas, signed in November 1996 and subsequent protocol on modalities for the implementation of confidence building measures in the military field along the LAC in the India-China border areas, signed in April 2005 and Border Defence Cooperation Agreement, signed in October 2013, are committed to the clarification and confirmation of the LAC to reach a common understanding of the alignment of the LAC.”

According to him, the two sides have agreed to each appoint a special representative to explore the framework for a boundary settlement from the political perspective of the overall bilateral relationship.

“The 18th round of special representatives’ talks on the India-China boundary question was held in New Delhi from March 22 to 24, 2015. India and China have established a Working Mechanism on Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on the India-China border affairs to deal with important border affairs related to maintaining peace and tranquility in the India-China border areas,” he said.

“A meeting of WMCC was held in Beijing on October 8, 2015. India and China are committed to resolve bilateral issues through dialogue and peaceful negotiations and in a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable manner,” he added.

As for Pakistan, Singh said India was willing to address all outstanding bilateral issues through peaceful means.

However, continued support of Pakistan to terrorism directed at us from the territory under Pakistan’s control has prevented the creation of the necessary environment. (Indian) The government has urged Pakistan on several occasions to fulfill its assurances, given and reiterated at the highest level, to put an end to anti-India activities on its soil and territories under its control,

Regarding Nepal, the minister said strip maps covering 98 percent of the India-Nepal boundary has been authenticated and initialed in 2007 at the Surveyor-General level, “though they are yet to be signed at the plenipotentiary level”.

“Issues relating to the maintenance and management of the India-Nepal boundary are discussed in existing bilateral mechanisms at both senior official and working levels,” he stated.

“Our unique, centuries-old civilizational ties with Nepal, based on shared geography, history, culture, language, and religion and characterized by close political relations, wide-ranging economic cooperation and deep-rooted people-to-people friendship, have been rejuvenated since May 2014 with sustained interaction at the highest political level, including the prime minister’s two visits to Nepal in 2014.”

Singh also informed the house that the India-Nepal Joint Commission was revived at the level of external affairs minister in July 2014.

India continues to maintain close engagement and bilateral exchanges with Nepal, as well as extend all assistance in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Nepal, for peace, stability, and socioeconomic development of the country,

On Bangladesh, the minister said India and Bangladesh shared a 4096.7-km border, which was the largest land border that India shared with any of its neighboring countries.

“Both countries concluded a Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) in 1974, soon after the independence of Bangladesh, to find a solution to the complex nature of border demarcation,” he said.

The agreement was implemented in its entirety with the exception of three issues pertaining to (1) undemarcated land boundary of approximately 6.1 km in three sectors, viz. Daikhata-56 (West Bengal), Muhuri river-Belonia (Tripura) and Lathitila-Dumabari (Assam); (2) exchange of 111 enclaves in Bangladesh with 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India; and (3) adverse possessions.

“During the visit of then prime minister Manmohan Singh to Bangladesh in September 2011, a protocol to the 1974 LBA was signed which settled these three outstanding issues,” Singh said.

“Subsequently, instruments of ratification of the agreement were exchanged on June 6, 2015, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Bangladesh,” he added.

(Inputs from IANS)

(Picture Courtesy:-www.economylead.com)