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Religion not the cause for Indian population growth, development is

Education and awareness more significant factors than religion when it comes to determining population growth rate of India.

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Source: Pixabay
An Indian Family Source: Pixabay
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Sept 05, 2016: The phenomena of unrestrained population growth that our country faces are generally attributed to the chaotic religious scenario that fills India.

 But how far this conclusion is from reality?

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According to the cessation made from a recent study conducted by the IndiaSpend analysis of Government data and research evidence, the fertility rates, birth rates, sex ratio and all the aspects of a population are somehow closely related to the literacy, development, edification and financial state of the society. Education of families, especially that of women highly determines the mentality and consequently the status of family growing and family planning.

When the fertility rates for Indian population were released last year, the discussion has strategically deviated to the difference in growth rates with regard to different religions. And it was seen that the percentage of Muslims in India had grown to 14.2% of the total population in 2011, increasing from 13.4% in 2001, while the Hindus have reduced to 79.8% from 80.5%. There was no significant change in the percentage of Christians and Jains as the population growth rates were 2.3% and 0.4%, respectively, while the population growth rate was observed in a declining state of Buddhists from 0.8% to 0.7%, and that of Sikhs from 1.9% to 1.7%.

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The facts if properly examined show that richer(middle class, upper-middle class  , and elite class) families, living with better healthcare amenities, surrounded by a comparatively broader mindset regarding education contribute to lower population growth rates in India. And also on the global platform, there is quite a little evidence to link religion and fertility rates as relating it to poor living conditions, conflict-ridden state situations and lower female empowerment have reported higher population growth rates.

The curious case of Kerala and UP

Taking a significant example of our country by comparing the literacy rates and population growth rates of two states (one from north) Uttar Pradesh and (one from south) Kerala, clears a lot of arguments over this issue.
Kerala has a literacy rate of 93.9%, compared to 69.7% in Uttar Pradesh in 2011. In the same year, 99.7% of mothers in Kerala received proper and necessary medical attention at delivery compared to the 48.4% of mothers in UP. 74.9% of women were above the age of 21 in Kerala at marriage while only 47.6% in Uttar Pradesh.

Economic status of family also works as a factor

The poor families also work on the motto, ‘more heads-more income’, and hence it is observed that families in lower wealth quintiles have more children as compared to the families having more economic stability.

And if factors such as quantity & quality of education, the eminence of healthcare facilities provided, awareness regarding sexual education & family planning is considered, these show much more significance than the religious identity of a family.

More poverty, less education, More children
More poverty, less education, More children Source: Pixabay

Also, according to the 2014 World Bank Data, when two Muslim-countries were compared another connotation was observed:  Bangladesh, India’s Muslim-majority neighbor, had a Total Fertility Rate of 2.2 where Iran, another Muslim country, had a TFR of 1.7 which is even below the replacement level; correspondingly Malaysia & Indonesia (Muslim-majority countries) have a comparatively logical fertility rates of 1.9& 2.5 respectively but Egypt has a TFR of 3.3.

So, if the issue of Indian population growth is observed on a larger scale considering more and more factors that somehow affects this, it can be understood that socioeconomic factors, literacy, rejuvenation, urbanization, mindset, awareness regarding contraceptives, and effectiveness of state policies for development, all determine fertility more than the religious distinctiveness of a person.

-prepared by Arya Sharan

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  • Jagpreet Kaur Sandhu

    A real fact.. which may have overlooked. This can be a reason yes!

  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Education is the key.

  • sujayrao2012@gmail.com

    Yes. But UP and Bihar need to take action

    Sujay Rao Mandavilli

  • Jordan06

    It’s sad that a simple thought of “being a good person” isn’t always present in “religious” leaders. Read this article on Pastor Mark Burns today and let out a heavy sigh…isitfunnyoroffensive.com/trump-surrogate-in-hot-water-over-hillary-blackface-tweet/

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  • Jagpreet Kaur Sandhu

    A real fact.. which may have overlooked. This can be a reason yes!

  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Education is the key.

  • sujayrao2012@gmail.com

    Yes. But UP and Bihar need to take action

    Sujay Rao Mandavilli

  • Jordan06

    It’s sad that a simple thought of “being a good person” isn’t always present in “religious” leaders. Read this article on Pastor Mark Burns today and let out a heavy sigh…isitfunnyoroffensive.com/trump-surrogate-in-hot-water-over-hillary-blackface-tweet/

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India Continues Engaging With USA Over H-1B Passport Issue

India is closely engaged with the US administration as well as the US Congress on this matter.

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As Trump proposes changes in H1-B visa, India continues to engage with US

India is continuing to engage with the US over the H-1B visa, largely availed of by Indian IT companies, after the Trump administration proposed changes to the programme, a senior official said on Thursday.

“It is a very important topic for us and that is the reason why we have time and again at various levels, we have taken up this matter with the US side,” External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in response to queries by journalists here.

Kumar said that most recently, the issue was raised during the first ever India-US 2+2 Ministerial Meeting held here last month that was attended by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defence Secretary Jim Mattis.

On Wednesday, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) said that the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) plans to come out with its new proposal by January 2019.

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The DHS said it was also proposing to remove from its regulations certain H-4 spouses of H-1B non-immigrants as a class of aliens eligible for employment authorisation.

The move to end the rule could have an impact on more than 70,000 H-4 visa holders, who have work permits.

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The DHS said it will propose to revise the definition of speciality occupation to increase focus on obtaining the best and the brightest foreign nationals via the H-1B programme.

It will also “revise the definition” of employment and employer-employee relationship to “better protect” US workers and wages, the DHS said.

Donald Trump, India
President Donald Trump speaks about immigration alongside family members affected by crimes committed by undocumented immigrants, at the South Court Auditorium on the White House complex, June 22, 2018, in Washington, VOA

In his remarks on Thursday, Kumar said that India is closely engaged with the US administration as well as the US Congress on this matter.

Stating that there are certain bills which have been introduced, he, however, said that “it is important to note that none of these bills have been passed so far”.

“When we have engaged with the US, we have emphasised that our partnership which we have in the digital sphere have been mutually beneficial,” the spokesperson said.

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“We have highlighted the role which has been played by the highly skilled Indian professionals who have actually contributed to the growth and development of the US economy,” he stated.

“And also they have helped the US to maintain a competitive edge in the world towards innovation and science and technology.” (IANS)