Tuesday October 15, 2019
Home Lead Story Researchers D...

Researchers Develop Artificial Skin for Robots

Scientists Develop a system combining Artificial skin with control algorithms to Create first Autonomous Humanoid Robot

0
//
Robots
Scientists have developed a system combining artificial skin with control algorithms and used it to create the first autonomous humanoid robot. (Representational Image). Pixabay

 Researchers have developed a system combining artificial skin with control algorithms and used it to create the first autonomous humanoid robots with full-body artificial skin.

The artificial skin developed by Professor Gordon Cheng and his team from Technical University of Munich in Germany, consists of hexagonal cells about the size of a two-euro coin (i.e. about one inch in diameter).

According to the study published in the journal Proceedings of the IEEE, each is equipped with a microprocessor and sensors to detect contact, acceleration, proximity and temperature.

Such artificial skin enables robots to perceive their surroundings in much greater detail and with more sensitivity.

Robots
Research has now succeeded in applying artificial skin to a human-size autonomous robot. Pixabay

This not only helps them to move safely. It also makes them safer when operating near people and gives them the ability to anticipate and actively avoid accidents.

According to the study, the biggest obstacle in developing robot skin has always been computing capacity.

Human skin has around five million receptors. Efforts to implement continuous processing of data from sensors in artificial skin soon run up against limits.

Previous systems were quickly overloaded with data from just a few hundred sensors.

To overcome this problem using a neuroengineering approach, researchers do not monitor the skin cells continuously, but rather with an event-based system.

This reduces the processing effort by up to 90 per cent.

With an Event-based approach, research has now succeeded in applying skin to a human-size autonomous robot not dependent on any external computation.

The H-1 robot is equipped with 1,260 cells (with more than 13,000 sensors) on its upper body, arms, legs and even the soles of its feet. This gives it a new “bodily sensation”.

For example, with its sensitive feet, H-1 is able to respond to uneven floor surfaces and even balance on one leg.

Robots
Artificial skin enables Robots to perceive their surroundings in much greater detail and with more sensitivity. Pixabay

With its special skin, the H-1 can even give a person a hug safely. That is less trivial than it sounds – robots can exert forces that would seriously injure a human being. During a hug, two bodies are touching in many different places.

“This might not be as important in industrial applications, but in areas such as nursing care, robots must be designed for very close contact with people,” Cheng explained.

“Our system is designed to work trouble-free and quickly with all kinds of robots,” he said.

ALSO READ: Dog Ownership Leads to Longer Life and Healthy Heart

“Now we’re working to create smaller skin cells with the potential to be produced in larger numbers,” he added. (IANS)

Next Story

5G Needs To Happen Faster in India, Says Top Intel Executive

For 5G to happen faster in India, the company will make desired contributions

0
Intel
Top Intel Executive said that India needs to roll out 5G faster in order to take advantage of the economic benefits it can bring to the nation. Pixabay

India needs to roll out 5G faster in order to take advantage of the economic benefits it can bring to the nation, a top Intel executive said here on Monday.

“For 5G to happen, the network needs to move from proprietary-fixed, function-based — which is what it is today in most parts — to open standards-based scalabale, programmeble, agile and Cloud-centric network. As Cloud is elastic, so should be the network,” Prakash Mallya, Vice President and Managing Director, Sales and Marketing Group — Intel India, told IANS on the sidelines of the India Mobile Congress (IMC) 2019 here.

According to industry leaders, spectrum auction and pricing are two biggest concerns that need to be addressed for faster 5G roll out.

During the keynote address, IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said that spectrum auction will be done within the current financial year, assuring the industry that the government is bringing some reforms in spectrum pricing as well. “5G is the order of the day. We have given permission to companies for 5G trials,” Prasad told the audience.

Intel
For 5G to happen faster in India, Intel also must come together. Pixabay

According to a forecast by industry body GSMA, 5G connections in India are set to reach 88 million by 2025, equivalent to around seven per cent of the total connections base in the country.

This will leave India trailing its regional peers such as China, that is set to see almost 30 per cent of its total connections base on 5G by 2025.

For 5G to happen faster in India, the industry also must come together, said Mallya.

“Industry must come together for 5G to happen faster. That is why we engage with the ecosystem — Nokia and Ericsson are great examples of our partnerships, enabling usages across different verticals,” the Intel executive said, adding that the company builds technology for every piece of the network.

Intel
Intel is playing the role of a catalyst in enabling 5G. Pixabay

Intel is also working proactively with the government towards creating standards for 5G.

ALSO READ: PUBG Rival ‘Fortnite’ Gone Down

“Intel is playing the role of a catalyst in enabling 5G. We are working with all the telecom operators in the country,” Mallya noted. (IANS)