Tuesday October 23, 2018
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Reservation issue from the eyes of a young college student

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By Aakash Sinha

Reservation! As the word is uttered we see mixed reactions from the people of India. Why not? Eligible ones have a big smile on their face, for others it is just an Indian political tradition that must go on. Not a single aspect is left without the controversial word “Caste Reservation”. Education, scholarship, jobs, promotions- it’s everywhere. We say, India is fast growing, developing nation, then why we are still unable to phase it out? Why no political involvement is seen in handling it? Well, it’s interesting to know the answers.

Walking into history of time somewhere around 1901, first time reservation was introduced in Maharashtra to provide free education in the province of Kolhapur. After independence in 1982, Supreme Court of India announced quotas for SC (Schedule Caste) and ST (Schedule Tribe) in the field of education and jobs at the public sector, initially for 5 years. Transforming the motto of reservation, political parties made it a way to attract voters of this category and it kept on increasing until it reached 50% (After the constraint given by Supreme Court Of India). India was divided into General, OBC (Other Backward Caste), SC and ST in 1990 after Mandal Commission.

How does it affect the society? To remove the caste inequality, seats were reserved in educational institutions. Starting from the basic education in schools to the professional education in colleges, it’s a part of our life. But here the question arises, why is it so? Let us take the case of two students, one from general category and another is a SC, ST or OBC. While admitting to the school, the other student got the benefit of reservation. Now both students studied together with the same teacher in the same environment. So now I think that they are equal with the same knowledge. Alas! The story doesn’t end here. The other student is eligible for more favours. During the admissions to government colleges (IITs, AIIMS, IIMs etc.) the reserved category student will get admission but the more talented guy will be sitting outside and watching the game. What type of equality is it? Wait! Wait! It doesn’t stops here. It is further continued during jobs (different cut-off’s for different category). Now I think it should stop. My God! It also engulfed promotions after entering into govt. jobs (already benefited by reservation). A shocking fact: only 0.7% of scholarships or student aid in India is based on merit, the rest are reservation based. This way it is harming a part of society while blessing the other.

Why it still exists? Thinking upon this much debatable topic, I think all credit goes to the political class. Politicians will never want to be trapped in the controversy related to it. Why? The answer is “Power”. India has political parties of several hues and colors . If one party tries to sort out the situation other will oppose it to make use of the mistake done by the latter. Thus, the situation remains the same.

At present much of India is still fragmented by caste. But two decades of economic liberalization, government policies and increased awareness among people themselves have kick-started the process of change.

It is unlikely that there will be a complete transformation soon, but some say that for a country shackled with centuries of discrimination even a start is good news.

You can only bring the change!

Aakash is pursuing B.E , Electrical and Electronics Engineering from Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore. Twitter:@aakashsinha1994

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  • Soumyo Sundar Haldar

    i think u forget that they get reservation only in entrance exam after admission they have to pass it and pass marks are same for everyone and For sc st in medical entrance they have to score certain 40% to get eligible for counselling and to get seat in mbbs they have to score at least 50% where a gen cat have to score 55% to get mbbs so there is difference but those difference is not so much as it make to look like I don’t know about other entrance exam so i cant tell you about that..I m sc but sitll i dont get in mbbs last year.it doesnt mean that if u are reserved category u will get admission there is also lot of compitition it is not so easy as it look like from outside

  • Mukul prasad

    Reservation = inequality.. It is dividing our society.

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  • Soumyo Sundar Haldar

    i think u forget that they get reservation only in entrance exam after admission they have to pass it and pass marks are same for everyone and For sc st in medical entrance they have to score certain 40% to get eligible for counselling and to get seat in mbbs they have to score at least 50% where a gen cat have to score 55% to get mbbs so there is difference but those difference is not so much as it make to look like I don’t know about other entrance exam so i cant tell you about that..I m sc but sitll i dont get in mbbs last year.it doesnt mean that if u are reserved category u will get admission there is also lot of compitition it is not so easy as it look like from outside

  • Mukul prasad

    Reservation = inequality.. It is dividing our society.

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7 new-age social issues in India that needs a check

Since decades, we people are countering issues like poverty, illiteracy, child marriage, caste system, gender inequality and endless to count further.

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India has become a hub of ever growing social issues
India has become a hub of ever growing social issues

NEW DELHI: Indian being a land of diverse culture and heritage does have a very complex society. People from all around the globe visited India and shared their traditional values. Thus, India did inherit a lot of ethnic varieties in the span of its thousands of years.

These all things make India a strong hold for people of diverse belief, languages, and colour. And at the same time also makes India a happening and vibrant place to live. But at the same time, it also makes us vulnerable to many kinds of social issues and problems. Due to the blind and adamant beliefs of people on their religion and caste, contradictory ideas are meant to creep into the society.

Since decades, we people are countering issues like poverty, illiteracy, child marriage, caste system, gender inequality and endless to count further. But with the changing scenario and thought process of our society, many more new problems have made their way into our lives. Such things are the real evil for our advancement and growth.
Let’s take a view on some of such issues, that we need to take up seriously before it becomes too late to act upon.

Triple Talaq
The whole Muslim community has been following the very notion of Triple Talaq since long and the Muslim women were the one to face the heat of such a ritual.

The three different types of Talaq in the Muslim society are Talaq –e-Ahsan , Talaq-e- Hasan and Talaq –e- Biddat. From all of these three talaqs, the Talaq –e- Biddat was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme court on 22nd August 2017. In Talaq –e- Biddat, if the husband says Talaq three types in one go, then the Talaq becomes irrevocable.

After this verdict, for the very first time, Muslim women came in full force to stand against this discrimination against them. Even Triple Talaq has banned n 22 Muslim countries all over the world.

Indian sex ratio is drastically declined due to girl infanticide. Wikimedia Commons
Indian sex ratio is drastically declined due to girl infanticide. Wikimedia Commons

Girl Infanticide
The urge of having a boy in India has taken a very spine-chilling consequence on the female population of our country. Haryana tops the chart of such a shameful practice, which is being exercised over the decades in our so-called democratic nation. Due to it, other social issues like sex determination have made their way into our society.

To counter such an adversary, the government launched a scheme called, ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ and made stringent laws to tackle crimes like these. The result of girl infanticide can be well gauged by taking a note of the figures of sex ratio of India.

 

Infant mortality rate
India’s run just behind China in terms of the population also makes us more open to the risks of childbirth. Most of such death takes place due to negligence or insufficient mean to cater the needs of a newborn. Also, the lack of proper vaccination goes equally into the list of things directly responsible for high infant mortality rate in India.

To quote the very recent example of Max Hospital in Delhi, where a newborn child was declared dead without proper checks by the hospital authorities. But later the child was found to be alive, only to last another week due to infection and lack of timely attention.

Such cases bring our attention to the laid-back approach of few people of our society and thus calls for strict action against social issues like this.

Juvenile Crimes
Another gruesome social issue to be nipped in its bud is Juvenile Crime. In the last half decade, this issue has wreaked havoc in the Indian society. The crimes committed by minors have increased many folds due to many reasons like illiteracy, poverty and their peer’s ignorant attitude. Another crucial reason that can be taken into account is the migration of people from urban areas to rural places. Due to this, it has become really hard for even state administration to keep a check on each and every one.

The biggest example of Juvenile crimes in recent times can be related to Nirbhaya incident, where among all the culprits, one was a Juvenile. It was after this incident only; laws were amended to punish such convicts.

Violence against women
India is a male dominant society has always shunned women of their rights and privileges. Women were barred from all the opportunities and were confined to the four walls of the house. Even today, the birth of a girl is not celebrated in many places of India. They have become a regular subject of physical and mental torture.

Their personal freedom is into shamble till date. They are thoroughly scrutinized about their movement and clothes. Some of the social issues that are been constantly inflicted upon them are dowry harassment, domestic violence, female infanticide, sexual harassment etc.

Dowry system
The term dowry goes back to the times when it was known by the name of ‘Kanyadan’. Kanyadan was a practice followed by the bride’s family, where there used to be a gift, ornaments, money, and property was given to the groom’s family. It was done in order to please the groom so that he could take proper care of her better half.

But with the traction of time, Kanyadan has remodeled into dowry. The modern-day dowry is seen as a sin our society due to the brutal consequences of it in our society. Nowadays, it has been become a practice to extort money by hiding behind the curtains of social stigma. In India, almost 10 thousand women lose their life due to this unfortunate repercussion of dowry system.

Social issues like reservation has handicapped the flow of development in India
Social issues like reservation has handicapped the flow of development in India

Reservation
A democratic country which boasts about equal rights privileges doesn’t qualify for it. The concept of reservation is a bane rather than a boon for a society like India. Reservation is a kind of roadblock for equal opportunities which are mentioned in the constitution of India.

This system was brought into place in order to uproot the menace of the caste system in India. As some sections of the society were being ill-treated by others. So, to balance the things out, the concept of the reservation was introduced. But today, it has become a hindrance to achieving a uniform growth in all spheres of work.