Mumbai, Dec 6, 2016: In a bid to ease online card payments, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Tuesday relaxed the authentication norms for payments up to Rs 2,000.
“To meet the objective of customer convenience with sufficient security for low value transactions, the card-issuing banks will offer the payment authentication solutions of the respective card networks to their customers on an optional basis,” RBI said in a statement here.
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Customers opting for this facility will go through a one-time registration process requiring entry of card details and additional factor of authentication by the issuing bank. Thereafter, the registered customers will not be required to re-enter the card details for every transaction at merchant locations that offer this solution and, thereby, save time and effort.
The card details already registered would be the first factor while the credentials used to login to the solution (as confirmed by the card network providing the solution) would be the additional factor of authentication.
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“The relaxation for additional factor of authentication under such solutions shall be applicable for card-not-present transactions for a maximum value of Rs 2,000 per transaction across all merchant categories. Banks and card networks are free to facilitate their customers to set lower per transaction limits,” it said.
Only authorised card networks shall provide such payment authentication solutions with participation of card-issuing and -acquiring banks, it added.
“Customer consent shall be taken while making this solution available to them,” RBI said. (IANS)
After the demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes in 2016 pushed digital payments, Aadhaar-enabled electronic know your customer (eKYC) resulted in an exponential growth of such payments in the country, according to a new report by the Reserve Bank of India.
Transactions in which both the payer and the payee use digital modes to send and receive money are referred to as digital or electronic payments.
India recorded an accelerated growth rate of over 50 per cent in the volume of retail electronic payment transactions in the last four years, said the report titled “Benchmarking India’s Payment Systems”.
The growth in 2018-19 was largely due to the steep growth in Unified Payments Interface (UPI), it added.
“In India, the smartphone revolution has seen an explosion in digital payment options, from e-Money to the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) to a combination of the two. After demonetisation, the use of e-Money picked up on a very large scale,” the findings showed.
The digital landscape changed with higher usage of e-Money, UPI, Aadhaar Payments Bridge System (APBS), RuPay, and Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS), among others.
With 3,459 million e-Money transactions, India was only behind Japan and the US (data on China not available) in 2017 with respect to volume of e-Money transactions, the report said.
The study revealed that over the years, the number of debit and credit cards also increased considerably in India.
India had 331.60 million and 19.55 million debit and credit cards respectively at the end of 2012. The numbers grew to 861.7 million and 37.49 million respectively at the end of 2017.
By March 31, 2019, the number of debit and credit cards issued were 925 million and 47 million, respectively.
However, the study showed that the cost of digital transactions was a factor inhibiting their growth.
Merchants have to cash out or transfer to their banks accounts at a cost and at times these costs are passed on to the consumer.
“A few countries have tried to regulate costs to ensure that the charges are not usurious, but the jury is still out on whether such a regulation promotes the growth of digital payments. With banks pushing and merchants pulling, it isn’t clear if such caps will discourage the use of cash,” the report added.