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Revolution and freedom: Some lesser known organizations that helped build independent India

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By Ridham Gambhir

With local markets putting tricolour banners and little boys selling paper flags on roads, one knows that Independence Day is around the corner. Or to talk of the contemporary times, different e-commerce websites giving their “freedom sale” advertisements in the newspaper.

The paraphernalia associated with this day reminds us of the freedom and fraternity that India gained after a long series of rebellions. While Mahatma Gandhi is the first name to pop in our heads when we think of this day, there are a lot more people whose contribution gave us Independence.

Congress, All-India Muslim League are some prominent names that we all associate with our independence struggle, but the list of revolutionary parties neither starts with these two nor ends with them. Here is a brief enumeration of some lesser known revolutionary parties and youth wings.

Jugantar or Yugantar  and Anushilan Samiti were two major clandestine parties in Bengal that propounded the ideology of revolutionary violence to oust the British Rule from India. Jugantar was established by Aurobindo Ghosh and Barin Ghosh. Bagha Jatin was a notable leader of this organization. Few senior members of the group were sent abroad for political and military training and on their return had set up a bomb factory in Calcutta. After World War I, Jugantar supported Mahatma Gandhi in the Non-Cooperation Movement.

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On the other hand, Anushilan Samiti was founded by Pramathanath Mitra. Jugantar was formed from an inner circle of Anushilan Samiti.

Ghadar Party, an organization based in US and Canada, was formed by Punjabi Indians. This organization sitting miles away from the country, facilitated the revolutionary movement by providing them arms and ammunitions. The party was built around the weekly paper The Ghadar, with its subtitle being- Angrezi Raj Ka  Dushman (an enemy of the British rule).

Furthermore, the HSRA ( Hindustan Socialist Republican Association) was established in 1924 in UP by 72_gai_orevolutionaries like Ramprasad Bismil, Jogesh Chatterjee, Chandrashekhar Azad, Yogendra Shukla and Sachindranath Sanyal. Since the organization needed money for its operations and ammunitions, they plundered a train. That incident is popularly known as Kakori Train robbery. The robbery led to the hanging of a few notable men of the party. Later, the party was joined by Bhagat Singh, Bhagwati Charan Vohra and Sukhdev and came to be known as HSRA, while earlier they were HRA (Hindustan Republic Association).

The independence that we relish was a work of these fighters. It was not Mahatma Gandhi alone who brought the change or Nehru, it was a combined effort of all these parties that resulted into our Independence.

Happy Independence Day.

 

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Oracle Witnessing Double-Digit Growth in India For Past 3 Years

The Oracle Autonomous Database now has the capability to automatically scan for security threats and apply security updates while running to help prevent cyberattacks and data theft

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Cloud major Oracle, which is seeing high demand in the Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI), telecom and manufacturing sectors in India, has witnessed double-digit growth in the country for the past three years, a top company executive has said.

Start-ups and small and medium businesses (SMBs) are fast adopting Oracle’s Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) in the country.

“We are seeing double-digit growth (on an average) in the country. In fact, that’s both in our NetSuite business as well as our enterprise business.

“The India Cloud business is really booming. Overall, the double-digit growth has been there for the last three years in the country, which has been the best-performing region in the Asia-Pacific for us,” Shaakun Khanna, India SaaS GTM Lead, Oracle, told IANS in an interview.

The company competes with major Cloud players like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform and Microsoft Azure and provides services such as SaaS, Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Data-as-a-Service (DaaS).

According to Oracle, as a corporation, the firm is on track to become the top SaaS company in the world.

The company offers innovative and proven Cloud suite of SaaS applications that enable customers to transform their business with the latest intelligent technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML).

“From a perspective of completeness of our enterprise applications, there’s no one who can compare with us. So, that’s pretty much our objective and vision in India as well,” Khanna added.

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Witnessing double-digit growth in India for past 3 years: Oracle. IANS

According to the company, going “autonomous” gave it an edge over rivals in the country.

Larry Ellison, Co-Founder and Executive Chairman of Oracle, in October unveiled the second generation Oracle Cloud with autonomous capabilities, improved security and upgrades for enterprises at the company’s annual user conference “Oracle Open World 2018” in San Francisco.

According to Khanna, autonomous is probably the biggest thing because, with autonomous, the ability to engage technologies like AI, ML, UI-UX, is there.

“I think the other advantage is our diversity, because if you look at it, we are the only company of our stature in the world that has everything — it’s not just the applications that are ours, the hardware, the infrastructure, the database, everything is Oracle,” Khanna noted.

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The Oracle Autonomous Database now has the capability to automatically scan for security threats and apply security updates while running to help prevent cyberattacks and data theft.

“If you look at the way Oracle built its first set of Cloud infrastructure is very similar to how Google built it, how Amazon built it, how Microsoft built it, almost everyone built it and we are doing exactly the same.

“Larry and the other founders who started Oracle — they were working for a CIA project and then they came out and started Oracle. So we understand security from our DNA,” said Mitesh Agarwal, Vice President, Key Accounts, Oracle India.

“Almost all of our competitors have never managed to move an enterprise workload to the Cloud — not a single one of them. They all have peripheral applications that have moved to the Cloud. That’s still only about 5-6 per cent of the workloads in the world,” Agarwal informed. (IANS)