Thursday March 21, 2019
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Sanskrit cell to be set up in IITs to research ancient science

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New Delhi: A panel set up by the education ministry of Indian government recommended that all the premier engineering and scientific institutes which are running by the Centre including IITs should have a Sanskrit cell. This cell will help students study ancient literature related to their fields.

The panel also suggested that during the course of their study, students should be encouraged to opt for the internship in Sanskrit institutions for credit by these institutes.

The Panel chaired by retired IAS officer N Gopalaswami said,“If financial support is provided to such students their talent could be utilised in unravelling the scientific knowledge hidden in Sanskrit literature through small but focused projects.”

The panel was given the task of constructing a 10-year roadmap for the development of the language. It recommended that the introduction of Sanskrit as an optional language in Undergraduate programmes and integrating it with other subjects will prove beneficial for the ancient language.

Panel’s head Gopalaswami was the cultural and home secretary during the NDA government and then he was appointed to the election commission post his retirement. In 2006, he was promoted to the Chief Election Commissioner in 2006 as the senior most election commissioner.

The current government is carrying on the agenda of previous NDA government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. A project has been undertaken by the IIT Delhi to introduce ancient language related courses for undergraduate students.

The study of science and technology in Sanskrit literature and inter disciplinary study of various modern subjects and its corresponding subjects in Sanskrit literature would be facilitated by the cell.

The Gopalaswami panel said, “Atharvaveda, Vaisheshika Darshana etc. are, it is acknowledged, the treasure house of scientific concepts which are hitherto studied from Science point of view. There are hundreds of works like Siddhanta Shiromani, Vriksha Ayurveda.., which are of great relevance in the context of research and innovation.”

The panel suggested that model Sanskrit medium schools in every state should be set up. it also recommended that cell should offer students, various types of Sanskrit courses in the campus for the credit.(inputs from agencies)

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Report Claims, As Many As 1 Billion Indians Live in Areas of Water Scarcity

The report also highlighted that India uses the largest amount of groundwater -- 24 per cent of the global total and the country is the third largest exporter of groundwater -- 12 per cent of the global total.

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Global groundwater depletion - where the amount of water taken from aquifers exceeds the amount that is restored naturally - increased by 22 per cent between 2000 and 2010, said the report, adding that India's rate of groundwater depletion increased by 23 per cent during the same period. Pixabay

As many as one billion people in India live in areas of physical water scarcity, of which 600 million are in areas of high to extreme water stress, according to a new report.

Globally, close to four billion people live in water-scarce areas, where, for at least part of the year, demand exceeds supply, said the report by non-profit organisation WaterAid.

This number is expected to go up to five billion by 2050, said the report titled “Beneath the Surface: The State of the World’s Water 2019”, released to mark World Water Day on March 22.

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Pure water droplet. Pixabay

Physical water scarcity is getting worse, exacerbated by growing demand on water resources and and by climate and population changes.

By 2040 it is predicted that 33 countries are likely to face extremely high water stress – including 15 in the Middle East, most of Northern Africa, Pakistan, Turkey, Afghanistan and Spain. Many – including India, China, Southern Africa, USA and Australia – will face high water stress.

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Globally, close to four billion people live in water-scarce areas, where, for at least part of the year, demand exceeds supply, said the report by non-profit organisation WaterAid. Pixabay

Global groundwater depletion – where the amount of water taken from aquifers exceeds the amount that is restored naturally – increased by 22 per cent between 2000 and 2010, said the report, adding that India’s rate of groundwater depletion increased by 23 per cent during the same period.

Also Read: Beware! Sipping Hot Tea Raises Risk of Esophageal Cancer

The report also highlighted that India uses the largest amount of groundwater — 24 per cent of the global total and the country is the third largest exporter of groundwater — 12 per cent of the global total.

The WaterAid report warned that food and clothing imported by wealthy Western countries are making it harder for many poor and marginalised communities to get a daily clean water supply as high-income countries buy products with considerable “water footprints” – the amount of water used in production — from water-scarce countries. (IANS)