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Satyendra Nath Bose – The greatest scientist to miss out on a Nobel Prize

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By Harshmeet Singh

You know you have stumbled upon a ground breaking finding, but no one is willing to believe you. What would your next step be? For Satyendra Nath Bose, the next step was to send all his findings to the most well known scientist on the planet, Albert Einstein.

The first three decades of the 20th century were exciting times for Physics. The theory of relativity and the Quantum theory had just come out and scientists all over the world were undertaking research in these theories. Around the same time, Bose was breaking all the academic records at the most well known educational institutes in Kolkata. He joined the Presidency College in Kolkata and scored the highest marks – second ranker was another famous scientist, Meghnad Saha. While working as a Reader at the University of Dhaka, he came up with a research paper that led to the foundation of quantum statistics.

When all the major publications rejected his paper and termed it as a ‘mistake’, he sent it directly to Albert Einstein, who was the biggest name in Physics at that point of time. Recognizing the significance of his work, Einstein took personal interest in the paper and translated it to German before submitting it to Zeitschrift für Physik, which was a renowned German science journal then. This gave Bose the recognition that he so richly deserved. This gave him a chance to work with scientists like Einstein and Marie Curie at the European X-ray and crystallography laboratories.

Bose’s idea of education was that the students must take the ownership and look beyond what the books offer. When he was the ‘Dean of Faculty’ at the Dhaka University, he insisted that all the students must prepare their own equipment, with the help of local technicians and the material available in the market.

It was Bose’s idea that Einstein adopted and applied to the atoms, leading to the discovery of the Bose-Einstein Condensate. Researches related to the Bose Einstein condensate have won multiple Nobel prizes ever since. In 2001, Carl Edwin Wieman, Eric Allin Cornell and Wolfgang Ketterle won the Nobel Prize for “the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates.” In 2012, The New York Times named Bose as the ‘Father of the God’s particle’ for his discovery of the bosons.

In recognition of his efforts, he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan award in 1954. Visva Parichay, the only science book written by Rabindranath Tagore, was dedicated to Bose. Many believe that Bose was highly unlucky to miss out on a Nobel Prize. When asked if he was disappointed by lack of recognition by the Nobel Prize committee, he said, “I have got all the recognition I deserve”. A fading science hero in today’s context, Bose’s work deserves to be cherished in India and the world even today.

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Indian Origin Girl Rajgauri Pawar tops Mensa IQ test in front of Britain

Pawar has outshined the greatest scientists on earth to achieve the prestigious feat, which is recorded by only one percent of those who appear for the elite society’s entry paper.

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Rajgauri Pawar outshines Einstein and Hawkings, Source- Twitter

London, May 15, 2017: Indian-origin girl Rajgauri Pawar has aced Stephen Hawking and Einstein in British Mensa IQ Test to get the IQ of 162 which is the highest IQ possible for the under-18 group.

This 12-year-old girl appeared in the British Mensa IQ test a month ago and has scored 2 points higher than the world renowned scientists.

Pawar has been invited to join the coveted Mensa IQ academy as a member.

It is believed that Mensa is the largest and oldest high-IQ society in the world. Anyone who can demonstrate an IQ in the top 2 percent of the population, measured by a recognized or approved IQ testing process can become the member of this society, mentioned TOI report.

NewsGram brings to you current foreign news from all over the world.

According to Mensa, she is one of only 20,000 people to achieve the score worldwide.

Pawar said, “I was a little nervous before the test but it was fine and I’m really pleased to have done so well.”

Pawar has outshined the greatest scientists on earth to achieve the prestigious feat, which is recorded by only one percent of those who appear for the elite society’s entry paper.

Pawar’s father, Dr. Suraj Kumar Pawar said, “this wouldn’t have been possible without the efforts of her teachers and the support which my daughter enjoys every day at school.” Rajagauri’s proud teachers and

Rajagauri’s proud teachers and elated schoolmates at Altrincham Girls’ Grammar School cannot stop celebrating the big feat achieved by their student. “We are very proud of Rajgauri,” said Andrew Barry, her maths teacher. “Everybody is delighted. She is a very well-liked student, and we all expect great things from her!”.

In 2016, another Indian-origin boy, Dhruv Talati attained the coveted score of 162 to ace Stephen and Einstein.  Dhruv Talati, who lives in Ilford, London topped the high-IQ society’s Cattell B paper.

These young buds are being named as the most intelligent people across the globe.

– prepared by Nikita Tayal of NewsGram, Twitter: @NikitaTayal6 

 

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5 Indian greats who were born in January

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1.  Swami Vivekananda- January 12, 1863

 

Swami Vivekananda, born Narendranath Dutta was one of the most admired spiritual leaders of India whose invaluable life and teachings enthralled the whole world. Born in an aristocratic middle-class Bengali family of Calcutta, this blithe spirit garnered the portrait of an inspiring Hindu monk in the world and was one of the main representatives of Neo-Vedanta, a modern interpretation of selected aspects of Hinduism.

Vivekananda manifested the idea of freedom in the pre-independent India, trapped in communal disharmony and sectarianism. He advocated that all sects within Hinduism (and all religions) are different paths to the same goal.

America’s Bicentennial Celebration in 1976 witnessed the National Portrait Gallery in Washington D C, mounting a large portrait of Swami Vivekananda as part of its exhibition ‘Abroad in America: Visitors to the New Nation’.

In his 39 years of life, Vivekananda suffered from various ailments as a result of tireless service to man and God. His motto was, “One has to die…it is better to wear out than to rust out.” (picture courtesy: indiawires.com)

 

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Einstein: A believer of cosmic spirituality seeking the Universal experience

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By Gaurav Sharma

An assemblage of more than 25 lots of memorabilia and documents of renowned Physicist Albert Einstein are all set to be auctioned in the US, projected to fetch anywhere between $ 15000 and $ 40,000.

Apart from the personally handwritten autograph letters addressed to his family, the memorabilia includes a set of rare and intimate letters, including two that voice his views on religion and God.

Einstein’s views on the Atomic Bomb and the Relativity Theory are quite well known, but how exactly does the German-born Nobel laureate visualize the concept of religion and God?

The Beginning 

Born to secular Jewish parents, Einstein was a free-thinking man who, after reading various scientific books, came to realize that the state was intentionally deceiving the youth.

With this realisation, Einstein’s disposition towards every kind of social conviction became deeply skeptical.

“It is quite clear to me that the religious paradise of youth, which was thus lost, was a first attempt to free myself from the chains of the ‘merely personal,’ from an existence dominated by wishes, hopes, and primitive feelings”, says Einstein in his autobiographical notes.

At the same time, he found that an insight into the causal connections of the world presented an opportunity to, at least, partially access the great, eternal riddle of the universe.

A fierce ‘Personal God’ critic

Einstein, unequivocally, rubbished and derided the thought of a Supreme God. The concept of a personal God as propounded by the Church seemed “naive” and “childlike” to the father of the photoelectric effect.

“It seems to me that the idea of a personal God is an anthropological concept which I cannot take seriously. I feel also not able to imagine some will or goal outside the human sphere”, he is known to have stated.

Einstein bluntly demolished the concepts of a Supreme Being, proposed by philosophers and theosophists, as mere myths.

After reading Eric Gutkind’s book, Choose Life: The Biblical Call To Revolt, Einstein lettered a reply which said that the word God for him was nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honourable, but still primitive legends.

Such sentiments are also expressed in his book The World As I See It. Questioning that very morality of a personal God, Einstein says, “I cannot conceive of a God who rewards and punishes his creatures, or has a will of the type of which we are conscious in ourselves.”

He lambasted the believers of such a God as “fearful and absurdly egoistic” feeble souls.

An Agnostic Spiritualist

Even though Einstein, outrightly denounced the concept of God as a personal being, he did not consider him as an atheist either.

You may call me an agnostic, but I do not share the crusading spirit of the professional atheist. I prefer an attitude of humility corresponding to the weakness of our intellectual understanding of nature and of our own being”, the genius freethinker is known to have said.

Einstein’s views on the Universe were more on the lines of Pantheism, a doctrine which identifies God with nature.

While contemplating the universe Einstein compared himself to a child who notes a ‘mystical order’ in the arrangement of books, which it does not comprehend but dimly suspects.

A believer in cosmic religion

While recognising the “miraculous order which manifests itself in all of nature as well as in the world of ideas”, Einstein dubbed himself as “devoutly religious”.

After segregating himself from the religious beliefs of fear and social morality, Einstein formulated a brand new category of religion called “cosmic religion”, and cast himself within its bounds. He classified this specific religious category as one of deep awe and mystery.

However, Einstein’s conjecture, “the sublimity and marvelous order which reveals itself in nature, makes the individual want to experience the universe as a single significant whole”, suggests a close similarity with the concept of Brahman as expounded by the Vedanta philosophy.

Also, Spinoza’s philosophy of the unity between the soul and the body, which has significant parallels with the Vedanta philosophy, deeply fascinated Einstein.

Both philosophies start with concept of the indeterminable being and admit the relative reality of particular things. And both schools of thought rule out existence of an external creator at the very outset.

Moreover, both philosophies posit the idea of a self-dependant and unconditioned being, albeit in different forms. In case of Spinoza, that being is the Universe, whereas for the Vedantist, it is an underlying principle.

Further, the hypothesis of modification by Spinoza is analagous to the Vedantic theory of Maya or illusion

Hence, it can be reasonably argued that Einstein’s view on nature, reality and Universe were close on the heels of Advaita Vedanta, although he never could fathom the concept of a transcendental reality.