Saturday November 23, 2019
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Save Skin During Monsoon, Avoid Smokey Eyes

Sonia Mathur, beauty expert and training head at Organic Harvest and Amit Sarda, Managing Director at Soulflower have listed a few tips:

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skincare
Use a tea tree extract night mask to keep your skin hydrated even at night. Pixabay

Waterproof cosmetics may be available in the market and probably even get the job done, but most of these products are chemical-based. Options like aromatherapy and other natural skin care solutions can save your skin better during the monsoon, say experts.

Sonia Mathur, beauty expert and training head at Organic Harvest and Amit Sarda, Managing Director at Soulflower have listed a few tips:

* During monsoon, people with oily skin must use astringent. People with dry to normal skin can use a toner, which is ideal just after washing face with cold water. This works well to open the pores of skin and remove all pollutants from the face.

* A good moisturising face mask just before going to bed helps in getting rid of dry skin.

* Rain brings added moisture, and with it, skin issues. It is very important, therefore, to keep it clean. However, instead of using harsh soaps, try using natural oils to nourish it instead. A variety of oils have antimicrobial properties, like neem oil, which will benefit the skin in the long run.

* Avoid heavy make-up and dark eyes in monsoon. Smokey eyes are a strict no. Curl eyelashes and use waterproof mascara instead of a regular one to prevent smudging. Fresh colours of pink, red, orange, light brown and nude are great for the season.

* In the rainy season, added moisture brings out the oil from underneath the skin causing face to appear tired, and could also cause acne. To avoid this, do a special cleanse every day using essential oils meant for oily skin. These include jojoba, tea tree, and lavender, to name a few.

eyes
Eyebrows and eyelashes need particular care when the skies are cloudy. Pixabay

First, wash your face with warm water then gently rub a few drops of oil into your skin. Wait a few minutes and clean using a warm microfiber cloth. This removes the excess oil and nourishes your skin from within.

* Waterproof make-up is great, but do remember that it may be induced with chemicals that often harm the skin. Instead of merely washing or wiping it off, use carrier oil like olive oil or almond oil to remove the make-up from your body. Do not use harsh soaps as the skin gets a double beating from both the soap and the make-up.

* Maintaining healthy lips in monsoon may become a little tricky even if waterproof or non-transferable types of lipsticks are used. Use a bit of jasmine or lavender oil on the lips before applying lipstick. This will act as a natural layer of lip balm.

Also Read: Tips to Deal with Frizzy Hair

It also acts as a foundation for the lipstick and avoids potential damage to lips.

* Eyebrows and eyelashes need particular care when the skies are cloudy. Go in for regular threading sessions and reduce or completely avoid eyebrow pencils.

For eyelashes, a few drops of castor oil applied to the roots of your eye lashes will make them grow thicker and longer, making them look more natural and beautiful. Rubbing some rosemary oil or lavender oil onto the eyebrows can also help promote their growth after the threading sessions. (Bollywood Country)

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IIT-Mandi Predicts Indian Monsoon Rainfall Density for 2100

IIT-Mandi predict a weakening of monsoon by 2100

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monsoon in india
100 years of data of the Indian monsoon rainfall reveals that downfall of monsoon is near. Pixabay

Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology-Mandi (IIT-Mandi) have developed an algorithm to process 100 years of data of the Indian monsoon rainfall and have predicted a weakening strength of the phenomenon by 2100.

The algorithm will also factor in information about global climate phenomena such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation, and can access periodicity of switching between strong and weak monsoon years.

The research was undertaken by Sarita Azad, Assistant Professor, School of Basic Sciences, along with her research scholars Pravat Jena, Sourabh Garg and Nikhil Ragha.

They studied the changes in the periodicity of monsoon rainfall and used the data to predict periodicity in future.

Their work has recently been published in the reputed American Geophysical Union peer-review international journal Earth and Space Science.

The Indian summer monsoon, the annual cycle of winds coupled with a strong cycle of rains, is undoubtedly India’s lifeline.

While the monsoon itself is a stable phenomenon, arriving almost like clockwork every year, the short-term fluctuations in annual rainfall are unpredictable and pose a great challenge.

Azad and her team developed algorithms that can accurately detect intense rainfall events, taking into consideration the triennial oscillation period and other factors such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation.

For this purpose, Jena has developed an algorithm to analyse the changes in periodicity of the monsoon. It predicts a decreasing intensity of rainfall in most parts of the country.

The team examined the spatial distribution of the triennial oscillations using rainfall data of 1,260 months between 1901 and 2005.

They analysed the power spectrum of the observed data and showed that the 2.85-year periodicity was present at 95 per cent confidence level over more than half of the 354 grids across India.

Indian monsoon downfall
Research reveals that changes in the periodicity of monsoon rainfall can result in the downfall of Indian monsoon by 2100. Pixabay

“We found that Indian summer monsoon rainfall has a periodicity of 2.85 years during which the monsoon tends to switch between strong and weak years. This 2.85 year period is called triennial oscillation,” Azad said.

In addition to the triennial oscillation, the quantum of rains that occurs during the monsoon is also connected to global climate phenomena such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation that recurs in a three to five-year period.

Understanding the relationship between triennial oscillation, its spatial distribution, and how it is likely to change in future is important for reliable monsoon prediction.

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Even after complex interactions both in temporal and spatial scales, monsoon showed a stable pattern till now. Pexel

Explaining the phenomenon, Jena said: “The monsoon involves complex interactions both in temporal and spatial scales. Despite complexity, the monsoon rainfall seems to show a well-defined pattern.”

The research team has projected the data into a collaborative framework-based simulation called the Coupled Model Inter Comparison Project to ascertain the future pattern of the 2.85-year period oscillation.

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The projections showed a weakening of this oscillation by the year 2100.

Azad added: “The triennial oscillation of the monsoon depends on global phenomena such as El Nino Southern Oscillation and the current triennial periodicity of 2.85 years may not hold good in future years, depending on the occurrence and periodicity of El Nino.”

Studies have shown that the periodicity of the El Nino Southern Oscillation itself is reducing, most likely linked to global warming, and this would have a direct impact on the strong-weak periodicity of the monsoon.

“A weakened triennial monsoon cycle will have a severe impact on agriculture and water resource management, particularly over the southwest coastal, northern, northeast, and central parts of India,” said Jena on the significance of their findings. (IANS)