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Skill India Mission: How PM Modi can take forward UPAs work to make skilled India a reality

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

The driving force for economic growth and social development for any country is skill and knowledge. Nations that possess a high degree of skill are better placed to handle the vagaries of the domestic, as well as the international, labor market.

With India at the cusp of a demographic shift, holding one of the youngest populations in the world, a skilled workforce is the need of the hour.

Skill Development

As per a skill development report, in the next 20 years the labor force in the industrialized world will decline by four percent whereas in India the same will expand by a healthy 32 percent. The dynamic transition in the demographic dividend poses both a challenge and an opportunity and further calls for employing the youth in productive activities.

In this regard, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Skill India Mission, an ambitious skill development programme which aims to train and polish a whopping 150 million people by 2022, is laudable although overtly ambitious.

The programme will further fuel Modi’s other development planks, the chief ones being Digital India, Make-in-India, Swacch Bharat, Smart City, and Namami Gange, as skill is the prerequisite for achieving such lofty aims.

Current Scenario

According to the skill development report, it has been estimated that an abysmal 2.3 percent of the total workforce in India has undergone formal skill training compared to 68 percent in the UK.

The skill gap study conducted in 2014 by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), the apex body responsible for bringing forth the arduous task of skill development, indicated an additional net requirement of approximately 12 crore skilled workers in twenty four key sectors.

The 66th and 68th round of the NSSO survey further revealed that out of the total workforce of 49 crore people, 15 crore are in the age group of 15-45. This requires constant mapping of the existing skill levels along with re-skilling to maximize the productivity of the workforce by charting out a feasible livelihood plan.

Moreover, almost 90 percent of the students who enroll in schools drop out at different levels before reaching college. Most of them become unemployable due to lack of requisite skills.

Skill-India-Mission-Launched

Retracing skill development

Skill development concerns, which have today gained much prominence through political sloganeering, were voiced by the management thinker CK Prahalad almost a decade ago.

After making the Mumbai dabbawalaas ubiquitously famous, Prahalad’s cautionary advice to skill 500 million people by 2022, caught the UPA officials in rapt attention. Subsequently, the Honhaar Bharat campaign was initiated under whose umbrella the National Skill Development Corporation(NSDC) came into existence.

The Confederation of Indian Industry(CII), an association of Indian businesses later started the India@75 programme for bringing about a transformational change in the economy by 2022, the 75th year of Indian independence.

The NDA government then progressed on the foundation laid by the UPA government and formed a ministry dedicated to skill development, although clubbed with the ministry of youth affairs and sports. The mandate of the ministry was handed down to Rajiv Pratap Rudy.

The programme was henceforth renamed as the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015.

Going forward

Rajiv Pratap Rudy defined plans for skill development, “almost impossible to achieve.” Looking at the immensity of the groundwork required for achieving such a heroic feat, it is not impossible to imagine why Rudy contended with such a candid remark.

According to Dilip Chenoy, CEO of NSDC, 365 million people will be entering the workforce by 2022, almost two times more than the current target of the Skill India Mission.

The workforce in the unorganized sector is ever expanding and the dropout rates in schools stand at a jaw dropping 88 percent. The number of people migrating in search of job opportunities is also increasing by the day, a segment which needs to properly tapped by the government.

Modi’s boisterous calls for the Industrial Training Institute (ITIs) to take up the mantle of IITs to produce skilled workforce needs to be actualized. Abstract declarations of “minimum government, maximum governance” also need to see the light of the day so that the private sector can usher in a skill development revolution.

India can and should become the human resource capital of the world.

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Everything You Need To Know About The Skill India Program

Skill India aims to develop those sectors which require skills and skill development.

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Skill India Campaign is aimed at developing skills of Indian Youth. Twitter

By Ruchika Verma

  • Skill India by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi aims to develope skills in Indian youth
  • This campaign will help youth in developing their careers
  • Skill India campaign has many features which makes it distinct and successful

Narendra Modi’s government in its term has launched many programs which aim at improving the economical condition of India. The programs which are aimed at improving employment in India have been moderately successful.

'Skill India' is PM Narendra Modi's another dream project. Wikimedia Commmons
‘Skill India’ is PM Narendra Modi’s another dream project. Wikimedia Commmons

After successful initiatives like ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India‘, the BJP Government launched another program, called ‘Skill India.’ It is another dream project of the prime minister, Narendra Modi, which was launched on 16 July 2015. The project aims to train 40 crore Indians in different skills by 2022.

Here is the list of all the things you need to know about the Skill India Program :

Objective

Main aim of Skill India is to tap the vast potential of India’s indigenous manpower. The goal is to create opportunities and scope for the development of Indian youth.

Skill India aims to develop those sectors which require skills and skill development. The campaign also aims to identify new sectors for skill development. The main focus is to not only develop skills but also to inculcate entrepreneurship in the youth.

Also Read : Skill India Mission: How PM Modi can take forward UPAs work to make skilled India a reality

The aim of developing skills in 40 crores youngsters by 2022 is to be completed by running the campaign in each and every year of India.

There are also many other missions which Narendra Modi launched to fulfill this purpose. These missions are :

Prime minister Kaushal Vikas Yojna is one of the initiative launched under Skill India. Facebook
Prime minister Kaushal Vikas Yojna is one of the initiative launched under Skill India. Facebook
  • National Skill Development Mission
  • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (Prime Minister Skill Development Scheme)
  • Rural India Skill
  • Skill Loan Scheme

Other features of the Skill India campaign are :

  • Skill India provides training and support for all traditional occupations like carpenters, masons, nurses, blacksmiths, tailors, etc.
  • Not only traditional occupation, it also lays emphasis new, modern areas of occupation like  like designing of jewelry and apparel,  banking and investment, finance, real estate, construction, textile, tourism, or any other field where skill development is needed.
  • For this program India has collaborated with countries like U.K. and Japan. This is done so that the training programs would be standerdised as per the international level. It will enable our  youth to meet domestic as well as international needs, if needed.
Skill India campaign has several advantages for youth as well as economy of India.
Skill India campaign has several advantages for youth as well as economy of India.
  • Courses offered under Skill India consider various factors such as age, location, language and financial status, to ensure that the candidate learns all the required skills like communication, management, etc.
  • The course methodology of Skill India is very interesting, interactive and  innovative. It includes games, group discussions, practical experiences, case studies etc.
  • Another important feature of Skill India campaign is the project called, Rural India Skill. It will standardize and certify the training process, as per the International standards.

Advantages of Skill India campaign and what makes it different.

The Sill India campaign has many advantages. It will raise the confidence and productivity of the youth through proper skill development. It will help them get well-reputed blue collar jobs. Soft training given during this course will not only help professionally, but also in personal development. It will also improve entrepreneurship in our country.

Apart from creating job opportunities, this campaign will also help in the growth of Indian industries by providing them with skilled man-power. While improving the lives of the youth,  this campaign will also help in improving India’s economy.

Also Read : Indian Consulate General in Chicago hosts “Make in India” seminar

Skill India aims to empower youth. Twitter
Skill India aims to empower youth. Twitter

What makes this campaign different from the other similar onesin the past is, the new approach. Skill India is not just a campaign, but a movement, as per the P.M. Narendra Modi. This program is also not for a certain strata of society, this program is non-discriminatory and is for every Indian who aspire to improve their skills and career.

Skill India campaign also doesn’t focus on just one type of professional skill, it is for all kinds of professions – be it traditional or modern. The certifying committee is also under a new ministry which will ensure that there no discrepancies.

Skill India campaign till now is running smoothly, benefiting many Indians and their careers. Hopefully, it will continue to run properly and will increase in its effectiveness.